Spring is no longer silent

  There was once a beautiful town in the middle of the United States where creatures lived in harmony. Flowers bloomed, fruit trees formed forests, birds sang, foxes chirped on the hills, deer crossed the fields, and people often went to the creek to fish. But flakes of white powder fell from the sky and caused a plague: plants withered, birds disappeared, fish died, hens didn’t hatch their chicks, newborn piglets didn’t live for a few days, and there were no bees in the flowers. , apple blossoms are not pollinated and fruitless, and adults and children suffer from strange diseases. It was a lifeless spring, only a silence covered the fields, woods and swamps.
  This is a “Fable of Tomorrow” described for us by American marine biologist and ecological literature writer Rachel Carson (1907-1964) in her famous book “Silent Spring”. The sound of spring in countless American cities and towns has been silenced due to pesticide abuse. In “Silent Spring”, Carson uses a large number of facts and scientific knowledge as the basis to reveal the global destruction and serious ecological crisis caused by the abuse of chemicals such as pesticides and herbicides on the natural environment, and its impact on the natural environment. Persistent, irreversible harm to human health. This book also became the beginning of the modern environmental protection movement and a milestone in the history of European and American ecological literature.
  Rachel Carson was born on May 27, 1907, in Spring Creek, Pennsylvania, where she spent her childhood. There are beautiful rural scenery everywhere, the scenery is very pleasant. Carson’s father owned a large estate. Her mother is a woman who loves nature. She often takes Carson to go for a walk in the wild woods and orchards, watching the stream flow by, listening to the melodious singing of the birds, and smelling the fragrance of flowers. Under the influence of his mother, Carson has been full of love for nature and all life since childhood. After graduating from high school, Carson entered the Pennsylvania Women’s College to study, and later admitted to the Johns Hopkins University graduate student, majoring in marine biology, in 1932 received a master’s degree. From 1935 to 1952 she worked for the U.S. federal government’s Fish and Sea Life Survey, which exposed her to many environmental issues. In her spare time, she rewrote the research she conducted at the government agency into lyrical essays, the first of which was “Under the Ocean,” published in The Atlantic Monthly in 1937. Then she wrote the famous work “Under the Blowing of the Sea Breeze”. In 1952, her masterpiece “The Ocean Around Us” was finally published after being rejected by some well-known publishers. Published around the world, and won the National Science and Technology Book Award and the Burroughs Natural Science Book Award in the same year, this book also earned Carson two honorary doctorates. These works constituted the biography of the ocean and made Carson a well-known popular science writer. In 1952, Carson resigned from the government agency to begin her professional writing career. In 1955, she published “The Edge of the Sea”, which became a bestseller and won an award, and was also adapted into a film documentary, which won an Oscar. All of Carson’s works are full of passion and humanistic thoughts. She believes that human beings are only an integral part of nature, but the beauty of nature is being replaced by the ugliness of human beings, and the natural world is becoming a man-made world.
  In 1958, Carson received a letter from a friend, Olga Hudgens, in Massachusetts, telling that wild birds in her neighborhood had died, and that planes had sprayed them there in 1957 to kill ants. At the time Carson was considering writing a book on people and ecology, she decided to gather evidence that pesticides, especially DDT, harm the environment and health. At first, she planned to write a booklet in a year, but as the material increased, she felt that the problem was more complicated than she thought. To make the evidence solid, she read thousands of research reports and articles, sought out leading scientists in the field, and kept in close contact with them. As a result, the data she collected piled up higher than her own. On the basis of rigorous and realistic toxicology, ecology and epidemiological investigation and research, Carson determined that pesticides, herbicides and other chemicals endanger the survival of animals and plants and human health, and are the main culprits in creating “silent spring”. Not only does Carson bring the dangers of chemicals to the fore, she questions our society’s attitudes toward nature, reveals the anthropocentristic narrow-mindedness that underlies actions that interfere with and control nature, and warns that it is possible to conquer nature with technology. It will destroy all the resources necessary for human survival and bring catastrophic disaster to human beings. Carson tried to fundamentally change people’s original view of nature, prompting them to establish a new ecological thought. It took her 4 years to write this book, during which she had breast cancer.
  A friend of Carson’s once warned her that writing this book would offend her in many ways. When fragments of the book appeared in The New Yorker on June 16, 1962, she was attacked by various media outlets, led by manufacturers of pesticides and other chemicals, and supported by the Department of Agriculture, for scolding her. Is “a hysterical woman”. In the same year, “Silent Spring” was officially published, which immediately caused a national sensation and a national discussion in the United States. Some responsible government agencies such as chemical companies, food companies, the Department of Agriculture, the Food and Drug Administration, as well as the media and scientific research institutions that have an interest in these companies have expressed strong protests against the book and launched a vicious attack on Carson. s attack. They denigrated the author as “a priestess of nature”, a “worryer”, a “natural equilibrator”, and even the then agricultural scientist and Nobel laureate Norman Blaug objected to Carson’s views. Because Carson was never married, the book mentioned that some babies have been harmed by chemical pesticide pollution before they were born. A government official even said: “You are an old maid, why are you talking about fertility!” Some people shouted ” Take control of women who don’t follow the rules as you would a chaotic nature.” Even the American Medical Association, whose mission is to defend people’s health, has sided with chemical companies, and the pesticide-producing trade group the National Agrochemicals Alliance. The National Association (NACA) did not hesitate to spend $50,000 to attack Carson’s remarks and protect its own financial interests. For a time, the attack on Carson was no less than the attack on Darwin when The Origin of Species was published. Faced with these attacks, Carson’s answer was, “Even if I live to be 90 years old, I won’t stop what I’m supposed to say!” In 1963, on a CBS TV show, Carson endured the pain of cancer, There was a debate with a spokesman for a chemical company that produces pesticides such as DDT. She also traveled around giving speeches until she gave all her energy to the end.
  Although there are many obstacles, “Silent Spring” is like a cry in the dark, awakening the general public, and has also won the support of all conscientious scientists and the public. When “Silent Spring” came out, there was no “environment” in American public policy, but the problem of environmental pollution raised by Carson in her book was a wake-up call. In 1963, President Kennedy discussed the book in Congress, and the President’s Scientific Advisory Committee established a panel to investigate the book’s conclusions. The committee confirmed Carson’s warnings about the potential dangers of pesticides were correct. The first non-governmental environmental organization in the United States came into being, and the United States Environmental Protection Agency was also established in this context. In 1963 the National Wildlife Federation awarded Carson its first annual conservationist award. Due to the influence of “Silent Spring”, by the end of 1962 alone, more than 40 proposals had passed legislation in various states of the United States to limit the use of pesticides. The Nobel Prize-winning DDT and several other highly toxic pesticides have finally been removed from the list of production and use. “Silent Spring” became the trigger for the rapid development of environmental protection in the United States and the world. Thanks to Carson’s efforts, some birds are no longer on the brink of extinction; countless people have been saved because of her writings. Carson succeeded in turning a book on death into an ode to life.
  In American history, the influence of “Silent Spring” can be compared with Mrs. Stowe’s novel “Uncle Tom’s Cabin” depicting the lives of black slaves. Both precious books transformed American society. Mrs. Stowe wrote the well-known, public opinion focus into a novel that started the process of abolition of slavery; instead, Carson sent a red flag that was hard for anyone to see, putting environmental issues on the national agenda . In 1963, when Carson testified before Congress, Senator Abraham Liebykoff welcomed her, mimicking what Lincoln had said to Mrs. Stowe a century earlier: “Miss Carson, you are the lady who started it all.”
  Rachel Carson died of breast cancer on April 14, 1964. Some believe that Carson’s cancer was inextricably linked to the toxic chemical samples she was exposed to for data collection. In this sense, Silent Spring was written with life, and Carson used life to change the course of world history. In 1980, the U.S. government posthumously awarded her the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the nation’s highest honor for ordinary citizens. Rachel Carson, this great woman, used the fire of her life to light a bright light for the enlightenment of human environmental awareness.
  In 1992, a group of prominent Americans voted Silent Spring the most influential book of nearly 50 years. In 2003, Books magazine, founded by Barnes & Noble, the largest U.S. bookstore chain, named Silent Spring one of the “20 Books That Changed America.” Former U.S. Vice President Al Gore’s foreword to the reprint of “Silent Spring” praised “Silent Spring has sown the seeds of a new activism that has taken root among the broad masses of the people. Her voice It will never be silent. She wakes up not just our country, but the whole world.” Today, the environmental pollution issue raised by Carson in “Silent Spring” half a century ago has become the concern of every nation in the world The issue of focus, the ecological consciousness awakened by Carson has also taken root in the hearts of the American people and people around the world. Carson’s discovery and description of the beauty and dynamism of life in all things has inspired generations to devote themselves to protecting this vibrant world and all living things in it.

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