Deserted Village – Tennyham

  There are many abandoned and deserted villages in the UK, most of which were caused by disease, climate, population pressure and economic reasons in the Middle Ages, but there are also some villages that have disappeared in modern times. British author Leigh Driver, in her book “Britain’s Disappearing Village”, recounts the story of Tennyham, a beautiful village in Dorset, England, that became the most bizarre victim of World War II. At the end of 1943, all the residents of the village were suddenly notified that they had to evacuate the village immediately so that the army could conduct training here. Since then, the villagers have not been able to return to their hometowns.
  This beautiful village, once inhabited by industrious villagers, was evacuated during a state of war emergency and became an empty and abandoned village. The village of Tyneham retains the quaint village style of a century ago, and is occasionally used as a location for TV movies, such as a 1985 film about the victims of Torpudel in British history. , during the filming, a large tree was transplanted on the grass to cover the sky, and the setting of the church tower was erected, but most of the time, the village of Tennyham, except for some hurried running Beyond the wildlife and the constant sound of gunfire, there was nothing but emptiness and silence.
  In 1859, the site of the Stone Age was excavated in the village of Teniham. In ancient times, the tribal people here used local stones to make bracelets, necklaces and other accessories, which were admired by the later Romans. The Lulworth Valley here has a rich prehistoric heritage and was once a thriving human settlement. Surrounded by rolling hills and facing the sea in the south, as a small village with hidden terrain near the sea, it aroused the interest of the military in 1942. In order to train British troops and American tank troops here, and prepare for the future Normandy landing, the army Fang was preparing to expand the range of guns at the Lulworth Bay training ground. Unfortunately, the small village of Tennyham was at the center of this new army training ground, and all the villagers had to be ordered to evacuate.
  The villagers who finally left the village believed in the promises made by the military at the time that their evacuation was only temporary and that they could still return to their homes once the situation eased. Many of the villagers here are tenants of the Bond family, who do not own the real estate here. Therefore, when the government intends to expropriate the land here indefinitely, the ordinary villagers in Tennyham, except for the agricultural products in their gardens, and received little compensation. However, for these villagers, although there is no real estate here, it is still their home for many years, and some people have lived here for several generations.
  Some of the villagers who were evacuated from here have written many articles about Tennyham, focusing on the rural pastoral life of Tennyham. According to their descriptions, what appeared before us was a remote and peaceful valley, with a suitable climate and little snowfall, an ideal paradise for many animals and plants, and the villagers wore traditional clothing of linen that they grew and woven, using hoops Barrels with iron rings, speaking almost entirely their own language, and living a way of life that has now all but disappeared. In these stories they wrote, in addition to the strong homesickness, they also showed us the idyllic landscape of a self-sufficient society.
  The village of Tyneham has only one main street, some grey brick cottages, and a medieval church. The church was renovated in the late 18th century and contains a fine beige limestone monument to the Bond family. In the past, villagers came to the church to worship when the church bell rang, but now it has become a place frequently visited by wild animals.
  On a cold winter day on November 17, 1943, the local post office sent a letter to each villager with an order to evacuate the villagers. The date for the military takeover is set for December 19. The RAF also set up a radar station at the highest point in Tyneham, where pilots lived in the village, where barbed wire became part of the landscape and tanks were strewn along the coast.
  The villagers have made many contributions to the country. During World War II, many young people died for the country. Out of patriotism and a sense of responsibility, the villagers silently accepted the order to evacuate. A belief supported them. can come back. They found temporary housing elsewhere, chose other careers, and left the village empty.
  In just a few weeks, the densely populated village across Bobek Island was completely evacuated, but those who had left their hometowns never forgot their hometowns for a moment. Many have been looking forward to the day when the war will end. But the end of the war in 1945 did not mean the end of their exile. People wrote to the War Department in disappointment and concern. At the same time, the devastation after the destruction of the village has frustrated the villagers. It wasn’t until 1947 that the villagers were informed that Tyneham was still being requisitioned and forcibly bought as part of the 7,200-acre army training grounds that ranged from gunfire.
  The violent reaction of the villagers drew public attention to the matter, but the government made it clear in the white paper that, although there was a commitment to the eventual return of the villagers of Tyneham to their former residences, the national interest must be placed before the personal interest. above. The villagers lost their last hope of returning to their hometowns. Many people settled down nearby. The new houses have electricity and piped water, and the conditions are much better than the farmhouses in the village. The new home is very satisfied, but more people are heartbroken that they will never be able to return to their former home. But later on, people had to face the fact that even if they were able to go back, the village was almost in ruins, and it was no longer the original Tennyham village.
  The demolition of some of Tyneham’s houses in the 1960s by the Department of Construction and Works sparked fresh protests. Under the intervention of some pressure, the village was opened to tourists, and a special parking lot was built with many picnic tables. The church has also been renovated and maintained by the military, and there are exhibitions on the history of the village and promotion of the area’s importance in natural conservation.
  In the minds of the public, it is a place full of mystery. Those who come to visit today will often recall the message posted by the villagers on the church door: “Please take care of our church and our premises, for freedom and to win this war, we have to give up the home that we have lived in for generations. We will come back one day, and we will be grateful if you can treat our village well.”