The Chinese once monopolized the Indian leather industry

   In 1778, a Fujianese named Yang Taizhao came to Calcutta, India with a British merchant ship. Through data research, he is the first Hakka to settle in India. The then British Governor-General Warren Hastings wanted to set up a sugar factory, but failed. Yang Taizhao claimed that he had a way to set up a sugar factory and obtained the Governor’s approval.
   Later he returned to China and led more than 100 workers to Kolkata to set up a factory in 1782. After multiplying from generation to generation, it gradually takes root.
   After the Opium War, the people’s livelihood in the Qing Dynasty became more difficult. Some people from Guangdong, Fujian and Hubei successively crossed the ocean to settle in India. Among them, the Hakka people in Meizhou, Guangdong are the most.
   The Chinese speak different dialects and are mostly engaged in work of the untouchable class under the caste system, such as washing, setting teeth, and making shoes. They struggled to survive in the cracks of the division of labor, but forcibly broke into a world.
   On the eve of the First World War, the supply of domestically produced leather in the United Kingdom was in short supply, so a leather factory was set up in Thaba, Kolkata. The Hakkas keenly discovered business opportunities, and they also began to make leather.
   For more than 800 years in the Sultanate of Delhi and the Mughal Kingdom, the monarchs believed in Islam, leaving behind a large number of Muslims. They are not bound by the caste system and can kill cattle and sheep, but they do not understand leather making techniques. The Hakka people, who have a good source of knowledge, started their way to rise. They bought raw materials from Muslims and did work that Hindus could not do. First it was a small family workshop, and later it evolved into a factory.
   In the 1950s, the Hakka people had established 64 leather factories in Taba. Once monopolized India’s leather industry. But a sudden incident broke all the silence.
   In 1962, India was repelled after a flagrant violation of Chinese territory. The Chinese in India became a target overnight. Chinese property was frozen, factories closed, and thousands were arrested as spies. Later, Sino-Indian relations eased, and the Chinese chose to be patient and continued to engage in the leather business. In the 1970s, due to the high quality and low price, the leather produced by the Hakka people was exported to Europe and accumulated huge wealth. They continue to expand their scale, introduce new machines, and innovate technology to catch up with European and American countries. But in the mid-1990s, the local government believed that the leather factory had caused serious pollution, so it ordered the factory to rectify and relocate to a new industrial park 20 kilometers away.
   But the difficulty of relocation is too great. After this blow, many Chinese consider emigrating for the future of themselves and their children, and the number of Chinese in India is declining.

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