Major changes affecting mankind in the next 10-40 years

  ”Intelligent Transportation: Major Changes Affecting Humanity in the Next 10-40 Years” is the third book I wrote about artificial intelligence. The first is “Intelligent Revolution: Embracing Social, Economic and Cultural Changes in the Age of Artificial Intelligence” written in 2017, and the second is “Smart Economy: A New Form of High-Quality Development” written in 2020.
  Most of the time I wrote this book was during the holidays. When my wife saw that I was always sitting in front of the computer motionless, she curiously asked me what I was doing? I said: “I’m writing a book, a book about intelligent transportation”. She said something unexpectedly – “You are a sentimental person”. I listened to it very much, so I wrote more and more vigorously.
  I have a special affection for books. My undergraduate major at Peking University was “Information Management”, and I learned how to build a huge knowledge management system, but this system was quickly computerized. Without the Internet, I might be sitting in a university library today, cataloguing books day in and day out. Of course, it’s also worthwhile work.
  This also means that from the first day I walked into the university campus, I have forged an indissoluble bond with books. There are so many books in Peking University. Although I love and spend a lot of time learning computers, I have always been in awe of books under the influence of Yanyuan and the mountains of books.
  In 1998, before responding to the call of the country and returning to China to start a business, I wrote a small book “Silicon Valley Business War” rather “not doing my job properly”, telling the stories of business wars that happened around me in Silicon Valley for many years. At that time, China was very concerned about the history of high-tech development and competition in Silicon Valley, and there were many reports, but there were few works that told these important historical events from a first-person perspective and personal experience. I happened to have such conditions, and at the same time, I felt that introducing the development of Silicon Valley might be useful for China’s high-tech industry to catch up by leaps and bounds, so even though I was very busy at the time, I still took the time to complete this little book. This is also my first official publication of a personal monograph in China.
  Although I had been exposed to a lot of computer-related information at that time, I still chose to use books as the carrier, to some extent because in the information carriers at that time, the information density of books was greater, and the presentation of facts and knowledge was more systematic and efficient. rigorous. Correspondingly, it was the Internet knowledge (information) system that was in the ascendant in China at that time, as well as the inequality and inconvenience of people’s access to information.
  This situation has also strengthened my original intention of founding Baidu, which is to allow people to obtain information and find what they are looking for in a more equal and convenient manner. In the next 20 years, search engines have completely changed the way people acquire and use knowledge; Baidu has also evolved from the initial information retrieval to the world’s leading artificial intelligence technology system. .
  Thinking with knowledge precipitation, in order to play a more or less positive role in promoting the development of the times, this may be my original intention.
  This may also explain why, on the eve of our imminent entry into the era of intelligent society, my book frequency has increased.
  If it is said that “Intelligent Revolution” is a popular science book, it focuses on introducing the past and present of artificial intelligence, in order to let the public have a clearer and more complete understanding of artificial intelligence; then “Intelligent Economy” is not entirely aimed at popular science, Instead, it focuses on the relationship between artificial intelligence technology and economic development, and discusses the value of artificial intelligence as a new infrastructure and new kinetic energy for social development.
  The original intention and starting point of the book “Intelligent Transportation” is more in-depth than the positioning of the above two books – I hope to discuss how to solve the problem of traffic congestion and how to reduce traffic accidents by 90% , how to help the country to achieve the “3060” dual carbon goal, and what the future city should be like.
  Transportation is a subdivided field for artificial intelligence, but for a country and a nation, it is not only an economic issue, but also a social issue, a people’s livelihood issue, and an issue that is closely related to everyone’s every day. , A problem that cannot be truly solved by market forces alone, is a systematic project that requires the government, enterprises, and the public to fully build consensus, and is an important area related to the national economy and people’s livelihood. Intelligent transportation also happens to be an area where Baidu has a lot of exploration and practice. Strategic guidance at the national level and innovative practices at the enterprise level complement each other and will accelerate the application of artificial intelligence, 5G, cloud computing and other technologies in the transportation field, accelerate the construction of an intelligent transportation system, and make our travel better.
  This book makes no assumptions or assumptions. What is written in it is either the history that has happened, or what is happening, and then the prediction based on reality. It needs to prove that artificial intelligence is visible and tangible to society, to transportation, and to people’s well-being and value. Therefore, it must do very solid desk work, and must also extract real, complete and inspiring real cases from a large number of practices.
  I have talked about the triple realm of autonomous driving before, and while writing the book on intelligent transportation, I myself have experienced the triple realm: the
  first realm is “research and collection”, I have carefully studied the brief history of human traffic, and have The book tries to present the richness of information and knowledge in this field, as well as the granularity of history, and also organizes many concepts and practices in the field of international transportation.
  The second realm is “cognition”, which is to build a logical and cognitive framework based on this knowledge and practice. This framework can be used to explain the basic principles, basic principles and practices behind the concepts and practices in the field of artificial intelligence and transportation described in the book. law.
  The third realm is “deduction”. The “deduction” here is not a fantasy, but is based on existing facts and combined with cutting-edge technologies to imagine what changes will be brought to us by intelligent transportation, smart city, and even intelligent society. “Start with the end in mind” to seek the optimal solution.
  The reason why I choose intelligent transportation as a vertical and in-depth direction of artificial intelligence “science popularization-thinking-research” is because this field can best test the full-stack capabilities, deep learning level, and industry solutions of an artificial intelligence company. value and comprehensive social benefits.
  Stanislav Lem, known by many as the “Master of Futurology”, once said: “We always like to extend the future development of new technologies in a straight line, so the nineteenth-century visionaries and blueprinters They would conceive of a ‘world full of balloons’ and a ‘world full of steam’—both concepts that seem ludicrous today. . . . History has nothing to do with this simplified presentation. It would never Any linear development path displayed in front of us will only show the non-linear evolution trajectory with tortuous lines.”
  Similarly, Baidu’s development in the field of artificial intelligence has also experienced a process of ups and downs that is not smooth. But I can feel that in this process, some thoughts on how to open up the future have gradually matured, why did some important historical events have a superimposed effect, and what is a huge contingency but in fact a deep inevitability – intelligent transportation is what we eat Therefore, I would like to take this example as an example and contribute some thoughts, hoping to help all sectors of society think about the value of artificial intelligence in their respective fields by analogy.
  In my opinion, the inflection point of the era of intelligent transportation has come. I am very fortunate that when our country has the dividend of leading scientific and technological talents, when we have so many application scenarios of artificial intelligence, when we have the policy concept of “first try” and “dare to be the first in the world”, in other places There are no scenarios here, and there are problems and difficulties that have not been solved elsewhere, we have the opportunity to solve them first.
  Problem solving is innovation. The transformation and upgrading of our real economy, driven by innovation, will largely depend on artificial intelligence in the future. We are also very confident that in such an era and in such an environment, we have the opportunity to make our own contributions to the progress of society through technological innovation.
  I would like to stress again that AI is a real technology, not a concept; AI is also an idea, not just a specific engineering problem. Only by understanding it from the height of the ideological system can we plan the overall situation; thinking from the perspective of substantive technology, we can put it into practice better. The process has undoubtedly been long, and this book is but a cohesion of countless efforts.
  It is our commitment and hope to continue to think forward, continue to write history, and meet this innovative and intelligent era.