Why does this country have two presidents at the same time

  In countries with a presidential system in the world, only the highest leader can call him a “president.” But in Tanzania, Africa, not only the top leader of the country is called the “President,” but the government leader of one of its autonomous regions is also called the “President.” Why should Tanzania have two presidents at the same time?
  In countries with a presidential system in the world, only the highest leader can call him a “president.” But in Tanzania, Africa, not only the top leader of the country is called the “President,” but the government leader of one of its autonomous regions is also called the “President.” Why should Tanzania have two presidents at the same time?
  It was colonized
  Tanzania, United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar by the two nations, the land area of 945,000 square kilometers. Tanganyika is the continental part of Tanzania. Zanzibar is composed of Zanzibar Island, Pemba Island and more than 20 small islands.
  Zanzibar and Tanganyika are separated by dozens of kilometers. In 1856, Zanzibar became an independent Sultanate of Zanzibar, part of the Tanganyika coast.
  In 1886, Germany and Britain signed an agreement. Germany completely controlled Tanganyika. They plundered land, established plantations, and absorbed a large number of European immigrants. Britain took a fancy to Zanzibar’s superior geographical location and prosperous lilac business, and indirectly managed Zanzibar by supporting agents.
  What they need, hold together for warmth
  in World War I, Germany was defeated, Tanganyika was ceded to the British. After World War II, some political parties appeared in Tanganyika and Zanzibar one after another, fighting for independence. After that, the United Kingdom agreed to the independence of the two places.
  In 1961, Tanganyika declared independence and actively supported the independence movement in Africa. It became the headquarters of the Organization of African Unity at that time, training soldiers and providing assistance for liberation organizations in Zimbabwe, Mozambique and other countries.
  In contrast, Zanzibar’s independence process is much more tortuous. At that time, BP had been exploring for oil in the Zanzibar waters. Britain believes that once oil is discovered in Zanzibar, it will become an important guarantee for its response to the oil supply cut in the Middle East. Therefore, although the United Kingdom was pressured to agree to Zanzibar’s independence, it wanted to establish a puppet regime to permanently control this place.
  At that time, out of the 300,000 residents of Zanzibar, there were only 40,000 foreign Arabs. However, under British control, the Arab parties won the election. In order to stabilize its rule, the Arab regime adopted a policy of recruiting only “Arabic-speaking” people, which intensified the conflict between Arabs and Zanzibarians.
  In 1964, the African-Shiraz Party, which represented Zanzibar people, launched an uprising and established the Zanzibar Republic (hereinafter referred to as Zanzibar). The Zanzibar regime adopted measures such as nationalizing the land and confiscating Arab plantations, which were recognized by the Soviet Union and other socialist countries.
  The “New York Times” of the United States once referred to Zanzibar as “African Cuba.” Considering the international situation of the US-Soviet struggle for hegemony, the United States was worried that Soviet forces would take the opportunity to station here, and together with Britain sent a fleet to the waters near Zanzibar Island to prepare for armed intervention. Tanganyika was worried that his lips would die and his teeth would be cold, so he sent troops to help Zanzibar. At this time, a mutiny with the intention of subverting the regime took place in Tanganyika, but fortunately it was not successful.
  In order to resist pressure from Western countries, in April 1964, Tanganyika and Zanzibar announced their merger to become a sovereign state. The new country took one word from Tanganyika and Zanzibar, and named it the United Republic of Tanzania (hereinafter referred to as Tanzania).
  Hasty merger, conflicts have been
  based on their actual situation, Tanganyika and Zanzibar determine the unique federal system. The new country Tanzania will establish two governments: the coalition government and the Zanzibar government. The coalition government is responsible for the affairs of the entire country and Tanganyika, and the Zanzibar government is responsible for the affairs of the former Zanzibar region outside the mainland.
  Although Zanzibar has an area of ​​only 2,654 square kilometers, it enjoys a high degree of autonomy. It is reported that Tanzania has two presidents at the same time-Tanzanian President and Zanzibar President. Among them, the President of Tanzania is the highest leader of the entire country, mainly responsible for the affairs of the entire country, especially the mainland area, and the President of Zanzibar assists the President of Tanzania in handling the affairs of Zanzibar Island. At the same time, Tanzania has established two sets of corresponding legislative and judicial institutions.
  The merger of Tanganyika and Zanzibar is conducive to keeping a group warm and resisting external pressure, but due to differences in many aspects, the two sides continue to diverge. In the long historical process, Tanganyika and Zanzibar have not achieved complete unity. Amidst all these differences, some Zanzibar people have voiced a call for independence.
  Since 2001, the coalition government has continued to consolidate the situation of unity, maintain the coalition regime, strive for moderate forces to jointly combat the separatist forces in Zanzibar, and give consideration to the allocation of budget funds and other issues related to Zanzibar’s vital interests. As a result, Zanzibar no longer publicly advocated separation, and instead demanded more autonomy.
  It is reported that in 2013, after Xi Jinping assumed the presidency of China, the first African country he visited was Tanzania. During the visit, Xi Jinping put forward the concept of truthfulness and sincerity for the first time. Today, this concept has become the basic policy concept of solidarity and cooperation between China and developing countries.
  On June 21 this year, President Xi Jinping had a phone conversation with Tanzanian President Hassan. Xi Jinping emphasized that at present, the development of China-Tanzania relations is facing historic opportunities. China is willing to work with Tanzania to strengthen exchanges and cooperation between political parties and experience exchanges in governance and governance. The joint construction of the “Belt and Road” and the implementation of the results of the Beijing Summit of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation will be aligned with Tanzania’s development strategy, and the expansion of agriculture, transportation, communications, tourism, energy, etc. Cooperation in the field, encourage and support more Chinese companies to invest and start businesses in Tanzania, strengthen anti-epidemic cooperation, and continuously enrich the connotation of the comprehensive cooperative partnership between China and Tanzania.
  Hassan expressed his warm congratulations on the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party of China. Tanzania appreciates China’s long-term support and assistance, firmly adheres to the one-China policy, supports China’s position on issues concerning core interests such as Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Xinjiang. Implement the outcomes of the Beijing Summit of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation and promote new developments in China-Africa relations.

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