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Why did the Nobel Prize winner leave Japan?

  The annual Nobel Prize is announced, and this year the Japanese have won another science prize. 20 in 22 years (including Americans), one step closer to the goal of 30 in 50 years. However, Shuro Manabe, who won the Physics Prize this year, was from Princeton University in the United States. Seven years ago, Shuji Nakamura, who also won the Physics Prize, was at the University of California. Both Manabe and Nakamura studied Ph.D. in Japan. After engaging in related research, they became American citizens and finally won the Nobel Prize.
  When Manabe won the award, in addition to interviewing and researching content, Japanese reporters still asked more questions: “Why do you need American citizenship?” “Why did you return to the United States after working in Japan for a period of time?” Reporters in Japan In my eyes, Japan is also a country that attaches great importance to basic research and theoretical research. It is not unusual for professional researchers to finally leave Japan and choose to engage in related research in the United States.
  Manabe, who is already 90 years old, is currently continuing the research he is interested in at the university. No one has persuaded him to go home and enjoy his life just because he has no papers in recent years and his age is getting older. He is interested in climate and global warming, and if he wants to engage in related research, the university will give him relevant research conditions.
  ”Can you say something to Japan?” The TV reporter asked this question. “Oh, yes, how should I put it? This, this, this is too difficult.” Manabe seemed to have difficulty expressing his opinion.
  ”Experts in various fields will put forward various opinions and suggestions on the policies of the Japanese government, but I don’t know how it will be conveyed to politicians in the end. I think the political proposal system has many difficult problems in Japan.” As a world-renowned expert on greenhouse issues, Manabe returned to Japan in 1997 and served as the director of the research institute, but in 2001 he had to choose to return to the United States again.
  Before returning to the United States, he told the Japanese media: “I myself have stayed in the United States for too long, and Japan no longer has a job that I can adapt to.” The status of politicians and officials of various administrative organizations is far higher than that of experts. Difficult to adapt.
  ”America? There are many shortcomings I want to talk about. But in scientific research, I feel that various opinions and suggestions are made from the bottom up, starting from scholars, which is much stronger than Japan.”
  ”A scientist like me can study anything. The boss is very tolerant, and the computer and other expenses are paid in full. I have never written a research plan once in my life.” Seeing Manabe said this, the author thought of a university in Japan. The research plan is specific to the fact that you need to buy a few A4 printing papers and a few pencils. Without a detailed plan of dozens of pages, it is almost impossible to get a research project approved.
  ”I can’t survive in an environment where I look at people around me. This is one of the reasons why I don’t want to return to Japan.” Manabe may also know that the then Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga could freely list six of the list submitted by the Japanese Academic Conference. The professor is deleted without any explanation. University professors, especially professors at national universities, are also among the national civil servants. If they make a slight statement about national policies, they will be severely punished by the cabinet prime minister. Their research environment is very different from that of the United States.
  Will the business be better there? Nakamura Shuji’s research at Nichia Chemical Industry Co., Ltd. has brought huge benefits to the company, but the individual received only meager bonuses. The company did buy several million yuan equipment to provide research conditions for Nakamura, but in terms of the distribution of patent benefits, when Nakamura needs to communicate with experts and scholars in various fields, how much does Nichia meet Nakamura’s requirements? There are also many problems here. Before winning the Nobel Prize, Nakamura had to leave Japan to work in an American university.
  It was the limitations of Japanese officials and Japanese companies that made Manabe and Nakamura have to leave Japan before winning the Nobel Prize. In the future, such problems will continue to occur in Japan

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