I only started surfing the Internet when I was a graduate student. At that time, there was a popular online language called “I’m dizzy”, which means that the other party’s words made him feel speechless. Later, children have been exposed to the Internet since they were young, and they heard and used more online language-“what’s the matter” is said to be “swollen?”, “what” is said to be “smart horse”. A post-80s chat with me, annoyed me, and asked me if I was so angry that I was about to “explode in place”, and I lost a lot of anger when I heard the word. Later, I checked and found that the term has a history of three or four years. For network languages, three or four years is not short, and it is very vital.
Internet buzzwords are changing too quickly. When you use them when they first came out, others may not know what they mean; when you use them when they become popular for a while, they may appear old-fashioned again. It is for this reason that some linguists like to study online languages. “The Economist” said: “Biologists cultivate bacteria in petri dishes because of their short life cycle, fast birth and reproduction speed, so that researchers can study many generations in a short period of time. The same is true for studying online language: a boom Coming and retreating, the platform ups and downs, so that linguists can observe the evolutionary mechanism of language without spending a lot of time. “For
example, why does language change? A thousand years ago, the early English and Icelandic were very closely related, and they might even understand each other. But later English changed a lot, while Icelandic changed very little. Linguists have studied the impact of strong relationships (friends and family) and weaker acquaintances, and put forward a hypothesis: the language of smaller groups will be more stable. Computer simulations prove that if there are some small groups that are closely related to a larger group, it means that there are both strong and weak connections. In this case, the leader of language change can spread the change of language Go to a wide range of people. Social media like Weibo integrates strong and weak relationships. WeChat Moments are mainly strong relationships, so Weibo will promote more language changes. Iceland is like the language in the circle of friends, which is more conservative, while English is like the language on Weibo, which is more variable.
”The Economist” said: “Internet language is not a new language, it is just a new medium. Not surprisingly, Internet users have created many tools that add gestures, jokes, and even fun to their chats. It is meaningless. If you think that the widespread use of online language is the decline of written language, you have made a category error. Anything that helps people enjoy the company of others together is a good thing.” But the reality is not that beautiful. British friends probably don’t know that there is a buzzword called “hanging”: to show one’s own things or situations is called “to hang up”, and to “show up” other people’s information or behavior is to hang up. Some people even say: “hanging someone is good for a while. It’s always cool to hang someone up.” I want to say to them: “He who hangs up to someone will always hang on to him.”
As the saying goes, “food is the heaven for the people” and eating is an “important matter” in the lives of ordinary people. For American politicians, eating is even more “extraordinary”, especially during the election period. What to eat and how to eat show not only personal preferences, but also who the candidates are and which voters they want to attract. When Chinese entrepreneur Yang Anze participated in the election for mayor of New York, he frequently posted photos of himself eating various kinds of food on social media. The New York Times issued an article on this, saying: “Want to be the mayor of New York? Wonton and chicken wings are both important.”
Food ballot route map
For the campaign, Yang Anze ate wontons and scallion pancakes in New York City’s Chinatown, pickled cucumbers in the Lower East Side of Manhattan, pizza in the Brooklyn Bay Ridge, and Dominican food in Hunter Point, Bronx. Yang Anze’s rival Maya Willy is not to be outdone. She posted on social media a photo of herself and Queens District Governor Richards eating “delicious chicken wings” at a local small restaurant “Queen Bully”. Eating meals that represent different ethnic cultures in different parts of New York City not only promotes the catering industry, which has been sluggish during the epidemic, but also attracts voters of the corresponding ethnic group. According to statistics, whites in New York City accounted for 42.7% of the total population, Africans accounted for 29.1%, Hispanics accounted for 24.3%, and Asians accounted for 13.9% (Note: Some racial statistics are repeated).
Obviously, American politicians are already well versed in the “food ballot road map”, and what they eat can help candidates create a “personal design.” In 1956, when Eisenhower was running for re-election, he played an advertisement for drinking Coca-Cola himself, portraying himself as a spokesperson for ordinary Americans. Trump likes to eat burgers and drink Coke, especially McDonald’s “Big Mac”. He also likes to eat red meat, especially large, well-done steaks. This preference is in line with the eating habits of “older” Americans and is also favored by “white angry men” in the United States. The survey shows that compared to other types of voters, Trump has a higher support rate among whites without a college degree, suburban voters, and middle-aged and elderly people over 40.
For politicians, how to eat is also a problem that cannot be underestimated. Carelessness will arouse disgust from voters. For example, in 2014, de Blasio, who had just been the mayor of New York for two weeks, used a knife and fork while eating pizza, triggering the “knife and fork door” incident, and some people even demanded the impeachment of De Blasio. In the eyes of New Yorkers, no matter how greasy the pizza is, it must be eaten with your hands. The method of eating with a knife and fork is “not New York.” When President Ford visited San Antonio in 1976 to taste Mexican tamales, he ate corn leaves wrapped in steamed meat. This incident is called the “Temala Incident”. Cockrell, the mayor of San Antonio at the time, joked that apparently the president did not get a briefing on how to eat tamales.
In addition to specialty foods of various races, there are also different cuisines across the United States. During the presidential campaign, if you want to attract the attention of the people of South Carolina, you’d better taste the local fish; if you want to get closer to the voters of Iowa, local steaks or corn dogs are good choices. Some scholars said that when people see a presidential candidate eating with them or eating local food, people will have a better understanding of him.
“Food politics” has a long history
Speaking of “food politics”, it can be said that it has a long history. In ancient Rome, politicians began to use food as a means to improve public image and win popular support. Some politicians, including Caesar, emphasized that rulers should eat simple food in order to highlight their temperamental qualities. For a long time in American history, politicians have also used food and wine to “bribere” voters. In 1758, George Washington used all his campaign budget-50 pounds to run for a seat in the Congress of the Virginia Colony. He bought 160 gallons (1 US gallon is about 3.7 liters) of wine to “let the farmers have a drink.” Parliament seats.
In the mid to late 19th century, the United States held a number of large-scale political barbecue events to attract voters with beef banquets. During the 1860 presidential election, the team of Democratic candidate Stephen Douglas held a carnival and a beef roast feast in the Upper East Side of Manhattan. The whole event attracted more than 30,000 people. As a result, there was not enough food and people were dissatisfied. In the end, Douglas lost to Lincoln. It was not until 1948 that the United States enacted legislation prohibiting candidates from bribing voters with alcohol and food.
However, this has not stopped politicians from continuing to use food as a gimmick to promote their political views. In 1928, when Hoover was running for the presidency, he promised voters in an advertisement that “There is a chicken in every pot” in order to attract poor people. With the spread of the contemporary concept of healthy eating, many American politicians have found new ways to promote healthy eating in order to win the favor of voters. Brooklyn Mayor Adams, who also ran for New York mayor, is a vegetarian. He makes healthy eating his own label. In the 1990s, Adams was an overweight policeman, and now he is a vegetarian who loves yoga. The New York Times commented that this transition was a “key part of the campaign narrative” for Adams. Last year, Adams also published a book “Finally Healthy”, which detailed his plant-based diet.
“Car rollover” incidents are not uncommon
Although food can become a seemingly unfavorable “weapon” for politicians, many people are self-defeating in this regard, and “rollover” incidents often occur. In 2016, Clinton claimed on a show that he would carry chili sauce with him wherever he went. This was considered to please African Americans, because the African American singer Beyoncé sang in a song: “I put a packet of chili sauce in my bag.” US Senator Elizabeth Warren once played The live broadcast suddenly said, “Wait a minute, I want to drink a bottle of beer.” Then he awkwardly took a bottle of beer from the refrigerator and drank it. At the time, American commentators believed that this was her strategy to create a “countryman” image, but it was counterproductive.
One of the more famous food turmoil in the United States happened to Bush Sr. During his presidency, he repeatedly mentioned that he did not like to eat broccoli. A reporter said that Bush Sr. banned the supply of broccoli on Air Force One. This immediately caused opposition from broccoli growers. They sent 10 tons of broccoli to Washington and asked the White House to accept it. In the end, Bush’s wife, Barbara, received 3 boxes of broccoli, and the rest was sent to the food bank that specializes in serving the poor. When asked if he would be worried about losing the “Brazilian vote”, Bush Sr. said frankly: “I didn’t like it since I was a child, and my mother let me eat it. I am now the President of the United States and I will not eat it anymore. Blue flowers.”