Gurna: Write everyone

the Swedish Academy announced that the 2021 Nobel Prize in Literature will be awarded to author Abdul-Razak Gurner. The award speech read: “The 2021 Nobel Prize in Literature was awarded to Abdul-Razak Gurna, “because of his influence on colonialism and his firmness in the situation of refugees in the gap between different cultures. Compassionate insights.”
   In the forecast list of major domestic and foreign media before the announcement of the Nobel Prize this year, Gulner was almost never mentioned. The odds list announced on September 28 also included African names, but it was Kenyan writer Nguji Wa Tiango. There is no Chinese translation of Gulner’s works, but some of them have also attracted attention. His most famous novel “Paradise” was shortlisted for the Booker Prize, and in 2020, he also published the latest novel “Rebirth”.
   Gurna was born in Zanzibar (now Tanzania) on the East African coast in 1948, and moved to the UK as a refugee in 1968. This experience almost established the theme and tone of Gurnah’s writing, that is, his concern for colonialism, refugees, and immigration experience. His first three novels “Memory of Departure” (1987), “The Pilgrimage” (1988) and “Dotty” (1990) recorded contemporary British immigration experience from different perspectives.
   In addition to the brutal rule imposed by the imperialist countries in the colonies and the loneliness and psychological trauma suffered by immigrants, Gulner’s novels also contain a lot of very special and delicate immigrant psychology. For example, in the novel “The Seaside”, the protagonist who has lost his original wealth and status will adopt the strategy of “pretending not to speak English” to make himself “more likely to find shelter.” In Gurner’s view, this is a special cultural trauma caused by colonization in the hearts of immigrants.
   As the comment of the Swedish Academy writes: “Gurner focuses on his identity when dealing with the’refugee experience’. The characters in his book often find himself in culture and culture, continent and continent, past life and emerging Between their lives-an insecure state that can never be settled.” This description is very similar to what the sociologist Simmel called “marginal people”. Most of Gurnah’s writing was completed during his “exile” period, but they are all related to his hometown. Perhaps it is this marginal nature of Guerner’s literature that makes the official comment of the Nobel Prize in Literature: “Memory is always an important theme in Guerner’s writing”.
   Perhaps Gulner has not only received enough attention because of his special identity, but the moral weight and contemporary value of his works are worthy of everyone’s attention. For example, in rethinking imperialism, in an earlier interview, Gulner mentioned the contradictions of imperialism that he hoped to explore through his writing: “On the one hand, it contains violent coercion, on the other hand, , It also hopes to promote the formation of a new public moral.” He also mentioned, “The atmosphere of the current global society has always been full of hostility towards others, especially strangers. I think we should have a continuous counterattack against this.”
   In an era of globalization, these topics also have universal significance. “London Magazine” commented: Gulner is actually not only concerned about those African immigrants who may be unknown, but each of us.

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