Women should be careful to prevent cervical precancerous lesions

   As people’s life and work pressure continue to increase, the probability of women suffering from cervical cancer is also gradually increasing. According to the latest statistics, in 2020, there will be more than 600,000 cases of cervical cancer worldwide and about 340,000 deaths; nearly 110,000 cases of cervical cancer in my country, and about 60,000 deaths, are the sixth most common cause of cancer among women. Cancer is the seventh leading cause of death, and the incidence is getting younger.
  Cervical cancer not only reduces the quality of life of female patients, but also poses a serious threat to the lives of patients. However, practice has proved that if positive treatment can be detected in time for cervical precancerous lesions, the goal of complete cure can be achieved. Therefore, cervical cancer is a preventable and curable disease. Female friends don’t need to talk about cancerous discoloration and excessive fear. At ordinary times, we should be more vigilant, beware of cervical precancerous lesions, early detection and early treatment, to eliminate cervical cancer in its bud.
  What is cervical precancerous lesions
   signs of cancer before the diagnosis, many patients will appear precancerous lesions. The so-called precancerous lesions are the transitional stage between the patient and cervical cancer. If the precancerous lesions are not paid attention to and effective treatment is not carried out, it is very likely to develop into cervical cancer.
  The medical name of cervical precancerous lesions is “cervical intraepithelial neoplasia”, which refers to abnormally proliferative cervical lesions that have a tendency to become cancerous but cannot be diagnosed as carcinoma in situ. They have the potential to develop into malignant tumors, and exist for a long time. May turn into cervical cancer. Studies have found that the occurrence and development of cervical cancer have a gradual evolutionary process, which can take from several years to decades. It is generally believed that this evolutionary process has gone through several stages: mild, moderate and severe intraepithelial neoplasia, early invasive carcinoma, and invasive carcinoma. Severe cervical intraepithelial neoplasia is a precancerous lesion, which is reversible, that is, part of the lesion can disappear naturally; but it is also progressive, that is, the lesion can develop or even become cancerous. Its reversibility and development are related to the scope and degree of the disease. Mild intraepithelial neoplasia is more likely to disappear spontaneously than moderate and severe. Severe intraepithelial neoplasia is more likely to develop into cancer than mild or moderate. Some scholars also believe that mild cervical intraepithelial neoplasia is a benign abnormal proliferation that can naturally become normal.
  The main symptoms of cervical precancerous lesions
   The vast majority of patients with cervical precancerous lesions will not have obvious symptoms, and some have only mild discomfort, which is easy to be ignored. A small number of patients may have some symptoms, mainly the following points.
  1. Increased vaginal discharge. Due to the influence of cervical inflammation, there will be an abnormal increase in leucorrhea, or there will be sticky mucus or purulent secretions with peculiar smell. Sometimes the secretion is yellow, bean dregs or foamy, and it may also have bloodshot eyes or a small amount of blood. Due to the stimulation of vaginal discharge and secretions, it can cause vulvar discomfort and continuous itching.
  2. Cervical erosion. Due to elevated estrogen levels in the body, cervical epithelial hyperplasia, and possible bacterial or viral infections, cervical erosion will occur. If the examination finds “cervical erosion”, you should be vigilant, actively distinguish whether it is physiological erosion or pathological erosion, and actively treat pathological erosion. Especially elderly women should be actively treated.
  3. Irregular vaginal bleeding. Sexual life may cause vaginal bleeding, or contact bleeding during gynaecological examination and defecation. Don’t ignore it because there is no pain. If it is not during the menstrual period, but there are blood stains on the underwear, or a little blood in the private parts, you must not take it lightly, otherwise it will delay the best treatment opportunity and aggravate the condition.
  4. A dull pain in the lower abdomen. If a woman suddenly finds unexplained lower abdomen pain, or pain in the pelvis, thighs, and buttocks, she should not be negligent, and she must go to the hospital as soon as possible to find out the cause and get treatment as soon as possible.
  Cervical lesions which favor the crowd
   from a large number of cases of clinical analysis, some women really are more prone to cervical lesions. So, which women are more likely to suffer from cervical precancerous lesions? Studies have found that women with the following characteristics are at greater risk of illness.
  1. People who have been depressed for a long time. Cervical precancerous lesions are a type of psychosomatic disease. Long-term depression, depression, anxiety and other bad emotions, if they have not been properly guided, will easily lead to disorders of the human immune mechanism, and this will increase the incidence of cancer for a long time.
  2. HPV infected persons. The main cause of cervical precancerous lesions in women is the high-risk chronic infection of human papillomavirus (HVP). Although the pathogenesis is more complicated, current research has made it clear that HPV infection is one of the necessary conditions for the occurrence of cervical precancerous lesions.
  3. A large number of smokers. Long-term heavy smoking will not only increase the probability of cervical precancerous lesions, but also cause various cancers.
  4. Those who have unclean sex. Long-term lack of attention to hygiene in sexual life, no condoms, and multiple sexual partners can easily induce reproductive inflammation and increase the risk of cervical precancerous lesions.
  5. Young women. Medical research has found that cervical precancerous lesions are more likely to occur in women between 25 and 35 years old. Relevant survey results show that the population of cervical precancerous lesions in my country is basically concentrated in the group of young women.
  6. Those who take oral contraceptives. Compared with those who use condoms, women who use oral contraceptives for contraception for a long time will increase the risk of HPV infection.
  7. Those with family genetic history. If a woman has a family genetic history, the probability of suffering from cervical precancerous lesions is significantly greater than that of a woman without a family genetic history. In addition, if there is a history of previous sexually transmitted diseases, the risk of illness will also greatly increase.
  Early prevention of cervical precancerous lesions is of vital importance.
  ” Preventing the disease before curing the disease before the disease” is a prevention-oriented idea and philosophy that Chinese medicine has always advocated. Therefore, it is very important to do a good job in the prevention of cervical precancerous lesions as soon as possible. In daily life, female friends should pay attention to the following points.
  1. Pay attention to enhancing immunity. The incidence of cervical cancer is closely related to HPV infection. At present, there is no specific medicine in the world that can treat HPV infection, so enhancing immunity is the most effective way to prevent it. Always maintain a positive and optimistic attitude, develop good living habits, eat a reasonable diet, have a balanced nutrition, and diversify food, so as to quit smoking and alcohol, less salt, less oil, less sugar, more vegetarian food, less meat, and fullness. Regular exercise, work and rest, adequate sleep, etc., strive to improve the body’s immunity and keep the disease out. At the same time, those who are suitable for HPV vaccine should be actively vaccinated.
  2. Promote late marriage and less childbearing. Pay attention to sexual life. Avoid premature and excessive miscarriage and childbirth, clean yourself up, pay attention to reproductive tract hygiene, avoid unclean sex life, and prevent sexual life from chaos.
  3. Pay attention to personal hygiene. Keep your private parts dry and clean, underwear should be changed every day, and sheets and bedding should be dried in the sun frequently. Pay attention to health care during menstruation, pregnancy and puerperium. Before and after couples have sex, both parties should wash their genitals to avoid cross-infection.
  4. Actively prevent and treat diseases. Take active and effective preventive measures to prevent the occurrence of gynecological diseases as early as possible. Once abnormal leucorrhea or cervicitis is found, it should be treated actively and completely cured under the guidance of a doctor to prevent it from happening.
  5. Regular gynecological examinations. It is recommended that married women have regular HPV examinations and cervical TCT examinations. If problems are found, further pathological examinations should be done, and if there are abnormalities, they should be dealt with actively. Don’t be careless and delay the best time for treatment.