The International Criminal Court investigates the Philippines’ “war on drugs”

   On September 15, the International Criminal Court (ICC) approved a formal investigation into the “crimes against humanity” that the Philippine government may have committed in anti-drug operations. The ICC has authorized prosecutors to investigate the “War on Drugs” during the period when Philippine President Duterte took office in July 2016 and the Philippines officially withdrew from the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court on March 16, 2019. It will cover the anti-drug campaign launched by Duterte from November 1, 2011 to June 30, 2016 when he was the deputy mayor and mayor of Davao City.
   ICC prosecutors estimated in court documents that the death toll from the “war on drugs” was between 12,000 and 30,000. Although the ICC Preliminary Tribunal recognized that the Philippines is responsible for combating drug smuggling, it stated that “the so-called’drug war’ cannot be regarded as a legal law enforcement action, and its killing is illegal, and it is not merely an excessive law enforcement in a lawful action.” After considering the relevant materials submitted by the victims, it is believed that the Philippine government “has failed to adopt effective methods to investigate or prosecute the murder.”
   On September 16, the Chief Legal Counsel to the President of the Philippines, Panello, responded by condemning the ICC’s interference in the sovereignty of the Philippines. Panello stated that the Philippines has formally withdrawn from the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court in March 2019. The ICC has no jurisdiction over the Philippines and can no longer conduct so-called investigations. Presidential spokesperson Harry Rock said that ICC’s investigation into President Duterte’s deaths related to the “War on Drugs” is unlikely to make progress because the Philippines firmly refuses to cooperate. Collect information and evidence, and they will be barred from entering the country.”

   Recently, the fate of nearly 100,000 pigs in the UK has attracted global attention. Because of the lack of butchers in the UK, these live pigs are facing the fate of being destroyed, and continuing to raise them will consume a lot of feed and cost too much. According to foreign media reports, Britain’s “Brexit” has caused a gap of at least tens of thousands of butcher jobs.
   In the past, many butcher positions in the UK were held by immigrants from other European countries. In the UK, to become a butcher must take part in the corresponding vocational education center, obtain the second-level butcher apprenticeship and carry out an internship, which usually takes two years. The content to be learned includes not only the anatomy of animals such as pigs and cattle, but also food safety and nutrition, operation and maintenance of slaughter equipment, and so on.
   After obtaining the second-level certificate, the apprentices have to go through one or two years of practice and re-training to obtain the third-level certificate. Going up, you can also get the qualifications of master butcher, which can lead apprentices. This process is not easy. There are about 20 courses for the introductory second-level apprentice. It can be said that the butcher is also a profession that requires continuous further education and lifelong learning.
   Working in a slaughterhouse is a bit like a factory assembly line. In addition to basic skills, you must have a relatively high level of discipline and responsibility. As a butcher in a supermarket or retail store, the ability to work independently is even more demanding. From the slaughterhouse ordering, incoming inspection, to cutting all kinds of meat products, curing sausages, maintaining all kinds of equipment, etc., you must be skilled and fast. More importantly, the butcher in the store has to learn some knowledge of customer psychology and management in order to better deal with the daily work.
   The salary of British butchers is not low. The annual salary is about 30,000 pounds, which is higher than the salary level of ordinary universities or even graduate students who have just graduated, and the job is relatively stable. However, the disadvantage of this position is that there is not much room for improvement. The best thing to do for a lifetime is to be a master butcher, and the salary will not increase too much. Many young British natives are reluctant to be butchers.

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