The end of anatomy

  Anyone who has seen pictures of the liver should have the impression that when viewed from the front of this inverted triangular brown-red organ, it has a relatively large right lobe, plus a relatively small left lobe. In fact, there are more lobes in the liver, but only the left and right lobes can be seen from the appearance alone.
  The first to realize that the internal division of the liver is more complicated than the surface was the famous British doctor Kantli who rescued Sun Yat-sen in the “London Tribulation” incident. When he was dissecting the corpse, he had observed that there seemed to be an invisible dividing line on the right half of the lobe. In the 1950s, French physician Quino used plastic to infuse the blood vessels of the cadaver’s liver. In this way, the blood vessel model inside the organ was obtained, and eight partitions were found from the direction of the blood vessel. This is the Quino score commonly used in surgery nowadays. Paragraph method. These areas are invisible from the appearance of the liver.
  Since ancient times, the internal operation of living organisms has been an opaque mystery, and anatomy has been a craft explored in a long history. The current 3D anatomy teaching software is exquisite and easy to use, which is appreciated. Although the use of software to replace real anatomy is still a controversial topic, at least the effect demonstrated through 3D interactive models and animations is indeed excellent. The digital demonstration can clearly show the blood vessels and divisions of the liver. Compared with the crude pictures used in the anatomy class in college, it is really different.
  It can be said that anatomy has entered a new stage. In the past 10 years, technologies such as image scanning, 3D engines, VR, and AR have all made great progress. During the epidemic, due to the impact of city closures around the world, more universities and medical institutions used software to replace on-site anatomy teaching, which boosted the already emerging digital anatomy. The traditional anatomy that has been challenged has already been criticized and has given way to more territory in the past year.
  In fact, as early as the 1990s, the animal protection movement was already challenging the teaching of anatomy. Many high schools in European countries abolished anatomy and in vivo experiments, but this did not extend to colleges and universities. In 2014, the Indian government fully implemented a ban at the undergraduate and graduate levels, requiring computer software to replace anatomy. This ban can be said to be a combination of religious health protection thoughts and contemporary animal protection ethics. The main promoter, Maneka Gandhi, holds a Hindu position. At that time, Nita Xiejia, an ichthyologist at the Department of Zoology at the University of Delhi, was one of the main opponents. She believed that computer software lacked the sense of actual operation.
  What Xie Jia said is not wrong. The general public often regards science as fragmented knowledge, but real science is a practical process of continuous exploration in a research environment. The computer simulation operation lacks somatosensory cognition such as touch and smell, and the dissection software in 2014 is far more monotonous and rudimentary than it is now, and the interactivity is weaker. Such a ban is indeed open to question.
  But if it is said that the problem of virtual anatomy is still the same as it was in the past, it may not be necessary. In addition to the software function has far exceeded the past teaching courseware, now students will also use other courses to make up for the somatosensory skills of operation. The traditional on-site anatomy is not necessarily more advantageous. In the past, students could not see clearly the anatomical parts of the demonstration, or problems such as the poor condition of the corpse could be avoided in digital anatomy. Using software to replace the dissection room is actually more economical for poor areas. For example, the medical school in Kenya set up a virtual anatomy course with the assistance of Stanford University last year.
  The authenticity of traditional anatomy is actually not the key. Classical anatomy is basically complete and is no longer a field of rapid advancement. Now the academic frontier has moved to fields such as molecular biology, and CT scans are even more accurate than anatomy. When gene editing and robotic surgery have both risen, the trend of biology is not only to clarify the biological structure, but also to try to redesign the structure.