The traditional textile industry has undergone changes over and over again, and it has become what it looks like in the public eye today.
After U.S. President Biden came to power, he held high the ideological banner on the international stage and extended the Sino-U.S. conflict to a traditional industry—the textile industry. H&M Group issued a statement on its official website that it refused to use cotton from Xinjiang as raw materials, using the so-called “forced labor” as an excuse to put forward the slogan of “Boycott Xinjiang Cotton and Textile Mills”. Subsequently, Nike officials also issued a statement stating that not only they do not use Xinjiang cotton, but also suppliers that require cooperation are not allowed to use Xinjiang cotton. However, those international anti-China forces that discredit the use of “forced labor” in Xinjiang’s cotton industry are absurd, not only because at the micro level, foreign governments, enterprises, and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have failed to find any “forced labor” with a magnifying glass. The evidence of “labor” is more because at the macro level, Xinjiang has long enjoyed multi-level, multi-form, super-strong assistance and financial transfer payments. This super-strong transfer payment can be traced back to the Qing Dynasty’s governance of Xinjiang. So what do the anti-China forces in the West intend? Of course, the sword refers to China’s textile industry.
Industrial Revolution and Textile Industry
The traditional Harris fleece cloth from Scotland is woven by an ancient hand-knitting machine.
The so-called industrial revolution refers to the unprecedented industrial category, industrial linkage method, industrial structure and development based on the quantitative and qualitative changes in the main production technology and related production technologies, guided by the qualitative change of the industrial production technology system. , An epoch-making step change. So far there have been three industrial revolutions, namely, the first industrial revolution centered on the United Kingdom from the 18th century to the middle of the 19th century and characterized by the arrival of the “mechanization age”; from the end of the 19th century to the mid-20th century, the United States and Germany were the center and the “electrification” The second industrial revolution characterized by the arrival of the era; originated from the Second World War and developed rapidly in the 1970s, with the United States, Japan, and Western Europe as the center, and extensive participation of other countries, with the development and utilization of cutting-edge technologies as the core. The third industrial revolution characterized by the arrival of the “electronic and information age”.
The textile industry played a prominent role in the first industrial revolution. It starts with the story of “Sheep Eats People”. Thomas More, a famous British humanist thinker, wrote in his book “Utopia”: “Sheep are so tame that they are content to eat a little, but now they have become very greedy and vicious, and even eat people. They want to level our fields, houses, and cities…” Since the 15th century, with the opening of new shipping routes, overseas trade has expanded and people’s demand for wool has increased, which has made the wool textile industry prosperous. Prices are also rising. The United Kingdom was originally a large traditional sheep-raising country, providing raw materials for domestic and foreign wool factories. Compared with traditional agriculture, sheep farming has become more and more profitable. Some economically savvy British aristocrats began to invest in sheep farming. But raising sheep requires a large area of land for pasture, so the nobles first fenced off wasteland or public land, then drove away the farmers who rented the land and demolished their houses. In short, all that could grow grass was removed. The land is occupied by enclosures to raise sheep. This is the famous “enclosure movement” in British history.
For a time, grasslands divided by wooden fences, fences, ditches and walls can be seen everywhere in Britain. For the nobles, raising sheep in enclosures saves money and labor. The land that used to require 20 people to cultivate is changed to a pasture and only one shepherd is required, and the shepherd’s salary is the lowest among laborers. There was a popular saying at that time: “The hooves of the sheep turned the sand into gold.” As a result, a large number of farmers who were driven out of their homes were displaced and homeless, and many people fell ill and starved to death. This is Thomas. · The phenomenon of “Sheep Cannibalism” described by More. Although the peasant uprising caused by this failed, it contained the “enclosure movement” in Norfolk to a certain extent.
The British bourgeois revolution in the 17th century swept away the remnants of feudalism and smashed the shackles of feudal theocracy on people’s minds, and science and technology entered an era of rapid development. The invention of the spinning machine and the steam engine was the beginning of the British industrial revolution. The real basis of the mechanized age was the invention of the machine for manufacturing machines, the working machine. After Henry Mozley and Joseph Bramer invented the lathe, the mechanized production of spinning machines and steam engines became possible. Through the forward link, the application of the coking method makes it possible to produce iron in large quantities and reduce the cost, which in turn expands the machinery industry’s demand for iron and drives the development of the machinery industry; through the backward link, the textile industry has expanded its use of spinning machines and weaving machines. The demand for cloth machines and steam engines. The production expansion of these machines has increased the demand for working machines. The development of the machinery industry has led to the development of iron smelting, steelmaking and coal industries; through side links, the technological revolution of the textile industry Promoted a series of changes in other light industry sectors.
At that time, the textile industry was the first production sector to apply modern technology. Whether measured by capital, labor, output value or other traditional indicators, it has long been the top of all industries. After the United States adopted machinery in the textile industry, it immediately created a machine factory to repair and produce equipment. And these factories are small worlds of assembly technology and component exchange technology, and gradually began to manufacture other kinds of machines, such as steam engines, iron furnaces, boilers and locomotives, and most importantly machine tools. It can be said that the flagship industry during the take-off of the first industrial revolution was the large-scale textile industry. As the wheel of history enters the 2020s, the textile industry, once a flagship industry, has not fallen behind the times with the blessing of various black technologies.
Black technology in contemporary textile industry
What are the black technologies in the contemporary textile industry? The first is the recyclable technology of “turning waste into treasure”. Organic fibers and recycling of obsolete textiles are the biggest sustainable development trends, which are very beneficial to society. The Japan Chemical Fiber Association believes that “the new recycling method using non-traditional methods is having an effect. The recycled chemical fiber fiber is melted and then reproduced, which can produce good products and eventually return to the soil.” For example, coffee beans are processed. The coffee grounds produced are discarded as garbage most of the time and used as fertilizer a few times. But today, a new method can use its fiber to make shirts. A cup of coffee can make two T-shirts. This is a way of recycling. Recycled plastic bottles can also be made into fibers, which eventually become clothing and home textiles. Those plastic bottles that are thrown away go through several processes, such as washing and granulation, and then melt and shape, and finally produce polyester. This kind of fiber is beautiful and cheap, and it is an ideal clothing material.
The second is new textiles that can resist viruses. The history of mankind can also be said to be a history of fighting large-scale infectious diseases. How to resist viruses has become a major issue that determines the fate of mankind. The Swiss textile technology company HeiQ has developed the world’s first textile technology that has been proven effective against SARS in the laboratory. The fabric treated by this technology can reduce the infectivity of the virus by more than 99.99% and is named “Viroblock NPJ03”. This is a coating process used on the surface of industrial textiles to provide textiles with antiviral and antibacterial properties. The coating belongs to the field of polymer nano-biomedical materials, and specifically relates to a polymer vesicle with antibacterial nano silver deposited on the surface. The cavity structure of this vesicle can encapsulate a variety of drugs. Has the effect of bactericidal and antibacterial. According to the World Health Organization, the incubation period of the new coronavirus is 1 to 14 days. Wearing a mask is a common measure taken by most people in Asia to avoid the spread of the virus. Chinese protective mask manufacturer Suzhou Boris Medical Technology Co., Ltd. is the first to adopt Viroblock technology, and the processed masks will be available on the market as early as April 2021. Kayser-Roth, an American manufacturer of tights and socks, plans to add this technology to their new products. Many international textile manufacturers such as China Lufeng Weaving and Dyeing Co., Ltd. will apply Viroblock technology to other types of fabrics for clothing after evaluation.
Researchers from the Doherty Institute used Viroblock to test the SARS virus. The institute is a joint venture between the University of Melbourne and the Royal Melbourne Hospital in Australia. It also integrates research, teaching, public health and laboratory functions, diagnostic services and clinical care. Well-known institutions. Their research project involves a disinfection test that simulates the actual interaction of small aerosol droplets contaminating clothing-measuring the remaining infectious virus with drops of known SARS virus concentration in contact with the sample fabric for 30 minutes. They treated the fabric samples with Viroblock NPJ03, and the remaining infected virus disappeared after 30 minutes, and the killing rate of SARS virus reached 99.99%. Confirming that the SARS virus loses its activity is an important milestone, which shows that it is sufficient to help textiles improve the anti-virus level and protect the human body from harm, which helps to alleviate the global epidemic.
In addition, Japan’s two leading companies Murata Manufacturing Co., Ltd. and Teijin Frontier Co., Ltd. jointly developed the world’s first ceramic-based passive electronic components, and innovatively developed the world’s first piezoelectric fabric, called Pixar fabric. When force is applied, it can generate electricity and exhibit antibacterial properties. This kind of fabric can exhibit antibacterial properties when it is worn on the body, because it uses human movement to cause the fabric to expand and contract to generate an electrostatic field, and the electric field will kill bacteria that enter the fiber. This new type of fabric has pioneered a new world of textile technology, so it is widely welcomed.
It can be said that the modern textile industry has become a technology-intensive industry.
Where will the textile industry go in the future?
From the perspective of the entire production process, the raw materials of the textile industry are not only related to agricultural and animal husbandry products (cotton, wool, silk and linen), but also related to chemical industrial products. The application of high and new technology has changed the old appearance of the traditional textile industry, which not only adapts to people’s individual requirements, but also expands the application fields of textiles. Today’s textile industry production level has been closely related to the development of the electronics industry, machinery industry, chemical industry, agriculture, biological engineering and other industries. The products of the textile industry have also expanded from a single garment to decoration and industrial use, penetrating into various industries such as aerospace, transportation, medicine, and agricultural construction. It can be said that the development of the textile industry today has become more closely related to the development of various industrial sectors of the national economy. Some Western countries have made a fuss about the Xinjiang cotton issue, the purpose of which is obvious, that is to bring down China’s textile industry and then impact the development of China’s economy. However, in the face of a world’s number one manufacturing country that has grown and expanded, using such a trick seems really absurd and ridiculous.