The British “Nature·Sustainable Development” journal published a study on the 26th, showing that the risk of death from air pollution among the poor in India is about 9 times that of the rich. Researchers found that although the consumption habits of the rich in India are the main cause of aggravating air pollution, the poor in India are the most affected group.
Agence France-Presse reported that researchers released a new index, called the Air Pollution Inequality Index, to measure the proportion of people with different incomes at risk of premature death from air pollution. The index estimates that for the 10% of the population with the highest income in India, the number of premature deaths per unit of pollution is 6.3, while the number of premature deaths per unit of pollution is 54.7 for the 10% of the population with the lowest income in India. It is nearly 9 times that of the highest-income group. In order to narrow this “gap between rich and poor,” researchers suggest that replacing solid fuel furnaces that burn wood and coal with electric furnaces can significantly reduce the number of deaths related to air pollution.
Since 2010, millions of Indians have migrated from rural to urban areas to work. This has made it very difficult to quantify the impact of air pollution on migration. The process of urbanization has exposed more people to bad air. It is reported that about 8 million people die from air pollution in the world every year. Most people die from respiratory diseases caused by burning fossil fuels, farming activities, and wood burning stoves.
European Union scientists want to create a digital twin earth, aiming to simulate future climate trends and assess the risk of catastrophic events due to climate change.
Russian Satellite Network reported on the 27th that Thomas Skodas, acting vice president of the European Commission’s Technology and Crafts Department, said that the digital twin earth can track changes in nature and the impact of human activities. He said: “This will integrate Europe’s scientific and industrial experience in the research and development of high-precision digital twin earths, a virtual backup of the earth, and a real-time digital simulation of the earth.”
Creating a digital twin earth can realize the “visualization, monitoring and prediction” of nature and human activities. The European Commission believes that the project is necessary for the EU’s green transformation, which can allow humans to transition to a “climate-friendly” lifestyle. The project will be developed and promoted in the next 7 to 10 years. The digital twin earth will operate as a cloud platform, first providing services to national government agencies, and then gradually opening the platform data to experts, scholars and industrial representatives.