What kind of space capsule is the world’s richest man going to board?

Jeff Bezos, the world’s richest man and founder of Amazon.com, will take a “New Shepard” rocket into space on July 20. In addition to Bezos and his brother Mark, there is also an unnamed super-rich who spent $28 million to buy this space travel opportunity. Why do these super-rich people trust the “New Shepard” rocket so much?

The “New Shepard” rocket was developed by Bezos’s Blue Origin Company and was founded two years earlier than the famous American Space Exploration Technology Company (SpaceX). To be precise, the “New Shepard” is a suborbital rocket system. Its space capsule will only fly to an altitude of 100 kilometers above sea level and then land quickly. The space capsule will not enter an orbit around the earth, and it is impossible to orbit the earth like the International Space Station. The explanation of Blue Origin is: this is mainly to save costs and send people to space to enjoy the beautiful scenery at the least cost.

The “New Shepard” can be reused and consists of a booster rocket and a space capsule (above). After the space capsule is brought to a predetermined height, the booster rocket will separate from it and then slowly land to the designed height. Landing point. After the capsule, 3 parachutes will be automatically released to land smoothly.

In 2005, the construction of the “New Shepard” rocket began. After several twists and turns, the first test flight was completed in 2015. So far, the rocket has been tested 15 times, setting a good test flight record. And it also has an emergency system that can drop the space capsule from the accident rocket. The only drawback is that the rocket and spacecraft system has never been manned.

According to reports, the space travel planned by Bezos takes only 11 minutes. If all goes according to plan, the “New Shepard” rocket will ignite the engine and take off from the plains of West Texas. As it whizzes through the atmosphere, the rising force and the gravity of the earth will “pin the Bezos brothers and their guests to the seats.” From the internal design of the space capsule (pictured below), it can be seen that its purpose is to view the scenery. In the spacious and designed space capsule, there are 6 reclining chairs, and each reclining chair has a huge window next to it. Passengers can watch the earth go further and further away, and finally enter the boundless space.

In fact, the space journey of Bezos and his companions only lasted 3 minutes. During this time, they will experience the feeling of weightlessness, and they can even unfasten their seat belts to float in the cabin, drift from window to window, and taste the earth on one side of the spacecraft and the dark space on the other.

Seven minutes after lift-off, gravity came into play again, and the capsule automatically started the landing procedure. When the spacecraft falls back to Earth, Bezos and his passengers will wear seat belts and experience a high-speed fall. After 4 minutes, the capsule automatically opened its parachute and landed in the western desert of the United States.

the Russian Pacific Fleet rarely dispatched at least 20 ships, under the escort of 20 fighter jets, to carry out large-scale exercises in the central Pacific area 4000 kilometers away. “This is before the Russian-US presidential meeting, Russia intends to show its muscles to the outside world.”

According to the report, according to the official report of the Russian Navy, this exercise is an annual planned exercise of the Russian Pacific Fleet. The fleet can be called the best: the flagship of the Pacific Fleet, the “Glorious”-class cruiser “Varyag”, “Fearless.” Class-class anti-submarine destroyers “Admiral Panteleev” and “Marshal Shaboshnikov”, in addition to 3 frigates and “Marshal Krylov” survey ship, a number of material and technical support ships. At the same time, nearly 20 fighters, including Tu-142MZ long-range anti-submarine aircraft and MiG-31BM fighter jets, also participated.

This unprecedented operation in the history of the Russian Navy was personally directed by the commander of the Russian Pacific Fleet Sergey Avakyants. Konstantin Kabanzov, Commander of the Russian Coastal Squadron, said: “The main purpose of the exercise is to drill the tactical detachment, the staff, and the command organization to conduct operations according to orders, to engage in preparatory work and complete tasks. Its special feature lies in the exercise. The location is located in the middle of the Pacific Ocean, which has no precedent in the modern history of our navy, and it is also unique in the history of the Russian navy.” However, the Russian side did not mention the specific location of the exercise, nor did it say whether it was close to the Hawaiian Islands where the US Pacific Fleet was stationed. .

Allegedly, the Russian Navy’s exercise includes training the ability to command and control joint forces, protect and defend sea routes, and use the interoperability between warships and aircraft to search and track simulated enemy submarines and naval fleets.

Russian Satellite Network said on the 13th that as the most eye-catching part of this exercise, the Russian Pacific Fleet “tracked and driven away an imaginary enemy submarine” in the open sea. According to reports, the destroyer “Admiral Panteleev” was the first to discover the hypothetical enemy submarine. According to the report, in order to “track and identify” the submarine, the Russian fleet also dispatched a Ka-27PL anti-submarine helicopter equipped with sonar equipment. Afterwards, the frigates “Resonant”, “Perfect”, and “Russian Federation Hero Ardar Tsidenzapov” “tracked and drove away the submarine” in the exercise area. At the same time, Russian warships also used AK-630 and A-190 artillery to conduct live fire in the exercise area.

The British “Daily Mail” stated that the exercise took place before the first meeting between US President Biden and Russian President Putin, “Russia intends to show its muscles to the outside world.” The Russian weekly “Expert” also believes that such a large-scale exercise should be seen as an announcement to the United States and other countries that regard the Pacific as its own security and interest zone-Russia also has its own interests here.

Anatoly Ziganok, director of the Russian Military Forecast Center and academician of the Academy of Military Sciences, believes that this naval exercise is a military side dish for the political main course of the upcoming Russia-US summit in Geneva. He said that Moscow hopes to tell Washington by this: Moscow will not be unresponsive to the relevant US statement that the Arctic sea route that originally passed through the Russian economic zone should become international waters. On the surface, this route is located in the North Pole and has nothing to do with the Asia-Pacific, but the only way to enter it from the south through the Bering Sea is precisely under the control of the Pacific Fleet.

However, some Russian experts believe that the actual impact of the Russian army’s move is limited. Vladimir Vinokurov, an expert at the Russian Military and Diplomatic Analysis Center, believes that Russia and the United States are not “full firepower” in the Pacific region. The main area of ​​competition between the two sides is Europe. “A mere U.S. warship sailed into the Black Sea, and it quickly triggered a strong reaction from the Russian media, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and the Ministry of Defense.” And the “Agile Dagger” exercise conducted by Washington in the Pacific a week ago, apart from military experts, was very rare in Russia. Someone pays attention.

Konstantin Sivkov, deputy dean of the Russian Academy of Rocket and Artillery Sciences, also stated that “the exercise involving 20 warships and fighters was advertised as’large scale, which in itself explains the problem. Even if a US aircraft carrier formation owns The number of warships and fighters in Russia is even greater. In peacetime, the Russian Pacific Fleet plus the naval aviation dispatched by it is even inferior to Japan.” Sivkov emphasized that if the Russian Pacific Fleet does not undergo transformation and upgrades and greatly upgrade its ships The quantity will be reduced to a situation where only partial tasks can be performed. However, the US “National Interest” website stated that the Russian Pacific Fleet has entered a small climax in recent years. For example, the destroyer “Marshal Shaboshnikov” has just completed modernization and upgrades, and the three frigates that have made a splash in anti-submarine exercises are also The 20380 frigate newly delivered in recent years has considerable long-range strike capability.