Can fighters shoot down “disobedient” airliners

  An Irish passenger plane flying from Greece to Lithuania was forced to land while passing through Belarusian airspace in late May. White’s reason was that it was informed that there was a bomb on the plane, but after some inspection, White did not find the bomb, but instead arrested a famous Belarusian opposition journalist who was taking the flight.
  Many countries in Europe and America reacted fiercely to this and determined that this was a “national hijacking”. In particular, the Belarusian fighter jets were forced to launch into the air, which made people think more deeply: if the airliner did not listen to “advice” or communicated incorrectly, would there be more serious consequences?
  For this question, the answer is not simple, because the reality is very complicated.
  The “International Civil Aviation Convention” signed in 1944 (because it was signed in Chicago, generally called the “Chicago Convention”) stipulates that countries must restrain the use of weapons against civil aircraft in flight; if interception is carried out, the lives of flight personnel must not be endangered. Later, some resolutions of the UN Security Council also emphasized the safety of flight passengers.
  However, in the face of national sovereignty, the binding and enforcement power of international law is often weak. In the past few decades, let alone forcing the suspension of civilian airliners, it is not uncommon to even shoot down planes. According to incomplete statistics, the major impacts are as follows:
  In 1955, an Israeli civil aircraft strayed into Bulgarian airspace and was shot down by two MiG-15 fighter jets of the Bulgarian Air Force; in 1973, a Libyan passenger plane was accidentally encountered. A large sandstorm, a malfunction of the navigator deviated from the course and strayed into the sky over the Sinai Peninsula occupied by Israel at the time. The Israeli warplane took off to intercept, fired warnings, hit the wing, and the passenger plane crashed. 108 of the 113 people on board were killed; in 1978, one A South Korean passenger plane deviated from its course due to a problem with the navigation system and entered Soviet airspace. The Soviet fighter jet launched a warning fire, hit the wing, and the plane made a forced landing, killing two passengers.
  The most serious consequence was that in September 1983, a South Korean passenger plane carrying 269 passengers deviated from its course and entered Soviet airspace. The Soviet Air Force mistakenly thought it was a reconnaissance aircraft. After the contact was unsuccessful and the warning was invalid, it sent fighters to launch missiles. The passenger plane crashed into the open sea after being shot, and no one survived. Because the passengers on board came from more than a dozen countries and regions, this incident triggered serious diplomatic disputes. Subsequent investigations showed that although the passenger plane did enter the Soviet airspace without permission, the Soviet Union also used excessive force.
  If these tragedies still have a minimum right from wrong, then the “9.11” terrorist attack in 2001 made the issue of “whether fighters have the right to shoot down disobedient airliners” even more complicated.
  In abstract terms, the fuel-laden passenger plane hijacked by terrorists is no longer a civilian vehicle, but a weapon of mass destruction. If a passenger plane with unknown conditions and “unsuccessful contact” deviates from the planned route and flies to a building similar to the World Trade Center or the White House, or to a densely populated area, an industrial area with dangerous goods, or a dam, be vigilant at this time Does the fighter have the right to shoot it down?
  In fact, the hijacked United Airlines Flight 93 in the “9.11” incident almost allowed the US military to make a similar choice. Due to the delayed takeoff of Flight 93, while it was hijacked and en route to Washington, D.C. (later investigation revealed that its target was the U.S. Capitol), the other two hijacked flights had hit the World Trade Center, and people were aware of this. The severity of the hijacking.
  An F-16 fighter jet was ordered to take off to intercept Flight 93. Because of the rush, the fighter plane did not have time to equip the missile. At that time, the pilot made up his mind and prepared to crash and destroy Flight 93 with the fighter plane if he had to. However, after the passengers on Flight 93 learned of the terrorist attack in the air, they fought with the hijacking terrorists, and finally the passenger plane crashed into the wild in Pennsylvania. A few years later, the American media analyzed that this prevented the fighter pilots from making “impossible choices.”