What kind of psychology is behind the “active staying up late”

  ”Apply the most expensive mask, stay up the deepest night”, “Stay up all night for a while, stay up all night is cool” “When I stay up until two or three o’clock, I feel that I really have life”… At night, some people don’t stop eating midnight snacks. Some people are chasing dramas to make up comics, some are sore in games, some are buying and buying while “chopping hands”, they don’t stay up until two or three in the middle of the night, and they don’t want to sleep at all. This is a true portrayal of today’s young people’s “hard-core regimen” .
  It is not uncommon for young talents to die suddenly because of staying up late. It is well known that staying up late is harmful to the body, and staying up late for a long time is comparable to chronic suicide.
  Many people understand the truth, but they still have a bad life.
  Unlike being forced to stay up all night, working overtime, night shifts, and insomnia, some people choose to stay up late. They can obviously go to bed before 10 o’clock in the evening, but they either use Weibo Moments Douyin, or follow dramas, watch online articles, listen to songs and chat, even if they are in a daze, they are still reluctant to sleep until midnight.

  In fact, staying up late also has a trend of expanding from young people to other age groups. Not long ago, the Chinese Sleep Research Association investigated the sleep conditions of Chinese residents during the prevention and control of the new crown pneumonia epidemic. The results showed that although the length of bedtime increased, the proportion of people who went to bed after midnight increased significantly; when faced with the question of “what would you do if you couldn’t fall asleep”, 61% of people answered “playing with a mobile phone.” E-commerce data shows that in recent years, the sales of sleep aid products have been booming, and some people “stay up all night while keeping in good health.” Psychology professionals point out that choosing to stay up late actively is out of over-compensation psychological mechanism, that is, individuals take excessive actions to solve their problems in order to overcome certain defects. After a busy day, many people ignore the signs of physical exhaustion and seem to be able to relieve anxiety only by being alone in the dead of night.
  What kind of psychology is at work behind this late-sleep syndrome?
Why don’t you sleep

  Endocrine disorders, decreased immunity, liver and kidney damage, increased risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, gastrointestinal dysfunction… Staying up late for a long time is very harmful to the body, and even has the risk of sudden death.
  A research report once pointed out that if people sleep less than 6 hours a night, people with heart disease and diabetes risk factors are twice as likely to suffer from heart disease or stroke as the general population.

  Many people know that staying up late is a chronic suicide, but they are still addicted to it.
  Swipe through Weibo, like Moments, visit Taobao Tmall, chase two new episodes, read a few chapters of novels, listen to an album… Reluctant to fall asleep, but the sky is bright-this is a lot A true portrayal of people with late sleep syndrome. Obviously very tired and tired, but still strong, dragging the exhausted body and drooping eyelids to the end of the night.
  Is it because the mobile phone is too fun, or is it too cool to go shopping and make them reluctant to fall asleep? In fact, how to spend the late night time is not related to late sleep, but is caused by psychological factors.
  Dutch psychologist Klauer Crusser paid attention to the phenomenon of sleep procrastination in 2014 and defined it as “not going to bed within a specified time, but no external environment prevents people from doing so”.
  Unlike insomnia, late sleep syndrome is not a physical compulsion. People with late sleep syndrome choose not to sleep voluntarily, which is a psychological need.
  Choosing to stay up late is often the result of the superposition of subjective and objective factors. Excluding the overtime workers and child-rearing workers who are forced to stay up late, many people stay up late in the media environment where information is far-reaching and ubiquitous. Many people stay up late because they are addicted to mobile phones and trapped in the information cocoon room. Hot search topics are changing rapidly, web drama variety shows are vying for beauty, short videos are all-encompassing…the endless and wonderful, people can’t stop at all. Some experts explained that some people know that staying up late is not good but they still “cannot help themselves”. This is a manifestation of insufficient psychological resources. They run out of self-control during the day and “hand over their guns and disarm them” at night. In addition, studies have found that staying up late is a manifestation of procrastination, and people with sleep procrastination are also prone to procrastination when doing other things.
  Dr. Lei Kaichun, a researcher at the Institute of Sociology of the Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences, said, “Sleep means the end of today. It is a ritual in time and the separation of today and tomorrow. As long as you have not slept, you will feel that the next day is not yet. I came, but I still refused to sleep. In fact, I subconsciously hope that the next day will not come so quickly and want to stay today. This is mainly because I am not satisfied with today. Although I don’t know how to satisfy myself, I just want to stay today. To make up for it, this is a kind of compensation for the sense of emptiness and lack of presence.”
In a vicious circle

  Whether it’s overtime work that seems to be forced to stay up late, or the seemingly active choice of swiping the phone, the internal logic is actually the same, all in order to meet psychological needs.
  Lei Kaichun believes that in today’s era, the sense of emptiness is everywhere, and a strong sense of emptiness needs something to fill. “Rational and more self-controlling people will choose to work overtime or learning methods to fill it, while those with poor self-control will Choose ways to avoid and isolate reality by using mobile phones, playing games, chasing dramas, etc., and feel the existence
  of’I ‘ through unrealistic things.” People with late-sleep syndrome usually think that today’s life has no sense of value. Fa is not satisfied, so I want to make up for it by staying up late to catch the last tail of the day, but this is often easy to fall into a vicious circle.
  Lei Kaichun reminded: “The later you go to bed, the worse your condition will be, and the next day you will feel emptied. Not only sleeping, but even some people feel that eating is a waste of time and want to do so by skipping meals. Squeeze more time. In fact, this kind of time squeezed out by compressing the most basic physical needs may not be used rationally. On the contrary, it is often wasted. This is just a kind of self-deception.”

Not satisfied with “today”

  Lei Kaichun pointed out that dissatisfaction with “today” is, in the final analysis, disagreement with what he did in one day. People with late sleep syndrome often cannot feel the meaning of what they do today to support the sense of value of this day’s time.
  For example, a novice mother spent almost a whole day taking care of the child, waiting for the child to go to bed at night, and the exhausted mother did not immediately go to sleep at night. It seemed that her day had just begun.
  ”Clearly tired and overdrawn, she can also feel the signal that her body is eager to rest, but she refuses to sleep for a long time. She will choose to turn on the computer to work, refresh from the first update to the last one in the circle of friends, or think about it. Overeating junk food while worrying about things, or even simply being in a daze, behind this is that the fact of bringing a baby is not enough to support the sense of value on this day. She needs to spend her time alone to do things that can help her sense of existence.”

  Lei Kaichun pointed out that the nature of procrastination is actually not wanting to face it and not wanting to do it, but it is human instinct to sleep. The late-sleep syndrome people delay not the matter of sleep itself, but want to delay tomorrow by not sleeping. arrival.
  Because tomorrow means things that can’t give oneself a sense of value have to start over again, “If a mother agrees with her role as a mother and regards bringing children as the most valuable thing in the day, there will be a kind of A sense of accomplishment, I feel that the task of the day is successfully completed, and she will fall asleep with a tired body.” Lei Kaichun pointed out.
  In the same way, some office workers are not satisfied with the content of their work, feel meaningless, and cannot feel the sense of value. So after a busy day of work, they don’t want to go to bed right away, but eat a pile of junk food or lie down. Swipe the phone on the bed. In fact, it is not how fun the mobile phone is or how delicious the snacks are, but because these most handy items can delay the arrival of tomorrow, and I don’t want to wake up so soon and start a new day of work.

  In fact, “refusing to sleep” is also related to a sense of security. Guan Anji, the national second-level psychological counselor and registered hypnotist, believes that “from birth, people regard sleep as separation from their parents. Therefore, many children show that they are very sleepy but refuse to sleep during childhood. , It means refusing to separate from their parents, worrying about not knowing what will happen after the separation, worrying about when we can meet again after separation, worrying about the disappearance of the parents.”
  American psychologists Ainsworth and Witt proposed in 1969. The test of safe attachment for children-the strange situation test, which measures the sense of security. Different children have different reactions to separation.
  Guan Anji said: “The worse the sense of security, the more severe the reaction to separation. The healthier response is that they will be sad when separated, but they can adapt for a period of time, and they will be happy when they meet again. We can apply it to the scene of refusing to sleep. By analogy, when I was young, I didn’t dare to sleep and I didn’t want to be separated from my parents. When I grew up I didn’t want to sleep because I didn’t want to be separated from myself, and I didn’t want to be separated from the real world that I seem to be in control of. I fell asleep and woke up full of vitality; the less secure people are, the more reluctant to sleep, and they will feel uncomfortable when they wake up.”
What to do if you can’t sleep well

  In a person’s life, 1/3 of the time is spent on sleep, which shows the importance of sleep to us. Some people have suggested that sleep is a genetic “sequelae”, of course this is an interesting guess. According to sleep studies, growth hormone stimulates the synthesis of RNA (ribonucleic acid) and protein and the uptake of amino acids, and reaches the peak of secretion during SWS (Slow Wave of Sleep). Sleep can restore the body’s functions, and regular sleep can allow teenagers to grow normally at the right age. Studies have shown that sleep is also related to depression, and good wakefulness and falling asleep are essential for mental health. Drowsiness, insomnia, and poor sleep are a sign of depression.
  Reassessing the value of sleep No matter how long you have traveled in the virtual space, the mental states such as happiness, relaxation, and peace are still based on physical health. Scientific research has confirmed that there is a molecular mechanism that controls the circadian rhythm in the human body, and the “biological clock” does exist. A study of college students showed that staying up late can increase anxiety. At present, human beings are facing a global pandemic of the new crown pneumonia epidemic. In the face of the virus, the immunity of a healthy body is an important line of defense against the epidemic. The “Guidelines for Psychological Adjustment in Response to the Novel Coronavirus Pneumonia Epidemic” issued by the National Health Commission emphasizes “regular work and rest”, precisely because a good sleep is conducive to enhancing immune function. Really attach importance to sleep, strive to achieve a good work and rest, and effectively reduce staying up all night, in order to protect your health.

  Rebuilding the perception of time If industrial society produces a “standard time” that is different from agricultural society, people’s perception of time tends to be accurate, and the information society makes time fragmented. Being “online” anytime, anywhere and forever, and then developing into staying up late, can be said to be a kind of adaptation to “information overload”. However, the flow of information is endless, and time and attention are relatively scarce. Only by finding a balance and learning to press the “pause button” can you save yourself time for rest. You might as well try to use software to control the length of time your phone is used, fixed rest periods, etc., to enhance your control over time.
  There are many reasons for “I don’t want to sleep at night”, for example, for fear of missing something. However, staying up late to play games, watch videos, and watch dramas may miss more-such as a ray of sunshine in the morning, or a beautiful day full of energy. Let us learn to control time, get back healthy sleep, and grasp an independent life.