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The secrets of Antarctica

   If you want to explore a mysterious continent, Antarctica can satisfy all your curiosities. The thick and huge ice layer alone can inspire our endless imagination. The ice layer has accumulated for more than 30 million years, and it has sealed countless animals, explorers and nature’s mysteries.
   Ice and snow on the stove
   Although Antarctica is a frozen place, but people in about 1600 kilometers from Antarctic island Sanders found a bubbling lava lake, as ice and snow in a large pot. This is a permanent volcanic lava lake. Before it was discovered, only 7 such lava lakes were discovered in the world. But it is not easy to find this magma lake. Because it is very far away from the main continent where humans live, Sanders Island is difficult to reach, and those who want to go need to make very sufficient preparations. Moreover, for most of the days, Sanders Island hides under the clouds over Antarctica, and it is difficult to take aerial shots of satellites. Only on a few clear days does Lava Lake show its face. Researchers have dared to come to this conclusion by analyzing satellite aerial photographs over the past decade. There is the 8th permanent volcanic lava lake in the world. Although scientists really want to find out, it may take many years before the plane is actually sent to explore.
   Eat rock and metal for a living
   science fiction film Godzilla with nuclear bombs for food, brain screenwriter hole big enough, but in nature, really similar phenomenon. The Erebus volcano in Antarctica is a long-term dormant volcano with an altitude of more than 3,794 kilometers and is located on the plateau of Antarctica. There doesn’t seem to be any edible food here, but there is a kind of microorganisms living here, they have evolved the ability to feed on rocks and metals.
   A giant ice cave that disappears in winter and summer.
   In the early 1970s, when satellites took pictures of the earth for the first time, scientists noticed that a mysterious ice cave appeared on the seasonal ice floes in Antarctica. After the arrival of summer, this ice cave disappeared. For decades, this strange phenomenon has been a mystery.
   However, in 2017, when Antarctica entered the coldest month of winter, the ice layer should have been the thickest. However, satellite images showed a large ice cave of 9,500 square kilometers, which is similar to the ice that appeared more than 40 years ago. The hole is in the same ice layer. Two months later, its size has increased to 740% of its original size; when summer comes, it will disappear again.
   Through satellite observations and analysis, researchers believe that such short-lived holes may be scars caused by cyclonic storms. In September 2017, when the warm current and the cold air met in the Antarctic, a cyclone was generated. The wind speed reached 117 kilometers per hour. It “drilled” an ice hole in the ice layer and penetrated the ice layer like an electric drill. An ice lake is formed, and a 16-meter-high wave is set off on the Antarctic sea.
   Antarctica has been living dinosaur ancestors of
   Antarctica is not always frozen wasteland. About 250 million years ago, it was still connected to the African continent, covered by forests and rivers, and the temperature rarely dropped below freezing. At this time, it was also home to a variety of wild animals.
   A group of scientists visited Antarctica from 2010 to 2011 and found a group of incomplete bone fossils. It looks like a lizard and is 1.2 to 1.5 meters long. It should be a carnivore, feeding on insects, amphibians and mammals. It was speculated that it was an ancestorsaurus, an early relative of crocodiles and dinosaurs, and was named the “King of Antarctica.”

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