Bone spurs, a disease that makes people feel very painful. In fact, most people are misled by the name of the disease. Many patients have no discomfort such as pain, and some even accidentally find spiky protrusions at the bones and joints when investigating other diseases.
Bone spurs are also called osteophytes. According to the cause, osteophytes can be divided into traumatic osteophytes and degenerative osteophytes. The former is abnormal bone proliferation caused by fractures or surgery, which may lead to traumatic arthritis; the latter is more common, also known as aging osteophytes, that is, bones and tendons that are naturally degenerated and are insufficient to support the weight of the body, and bone joints that need weight-bearing The system is squeezed and rubbed for a long time, causing the bones to wear and tear, and the body produces a benign and compensatory neoplasm called osteophyte when it repairs itself.
Bone spurs when cartilage wears out
Take the knee joint as an example. Under normal circumstances, there is a layer of cartilage on the joint surface of the femur and tibia of the knee joint. It has a certain degree of elasticity, and there are no blood vessels and nerves. Therefore, the knee joint can move flexibly during daily activities. There is no discomfort such as pain due to mutual grinding. It can be seen that articular cartilage is a very important tissue, but for some people who are getting older or exercising excessively for a long time, articular cartilage will gradually undergo degenerative changes, such as water loss, loss of elasticity, thinning or even disappearing, which is the so-called wear and tear. , Professionally known as knee osteoarthritis.
After the cartilage surface is worn out, there are usually two results:
one is cartilage grinding when the joint is moving, resulting in painful symptoms of movement. What needs special reminder is that many osteophyte patients think that the joint pain is caused by the osteophyte stuck on the surrounding flesh, so they want to “grind off” the osteophyte through vigorous activities. “This is a misunderstanding.” Experts say that pain is not a “thorn” into the flesh. Ordinary daily activities help the cartilage to maintain a certain vitality, but long-term excessive activities can cause certain damage to the cartilage. It is recommended that such patients should reduce their activities.
Second, due to the loss of cartilage thickness, the joints are unstable. In order to compensate for this instability, osteophytes are formed on the edges of the femur and tibia. The joint capsule around the joint is supported to maintain joint stability. Duplication is actually a compensatory product of the body. In layman’s terms, if the bone above the knee joint is compared to a hammer, and the bone below is compared to an anvil, cartilage is equivalent to covering the surface of the hammer and the anvil with a layer of plastic. During long-term grinding and squeezing, the plastic on the surface of the hammer and anvil gradually becomes weak or even worn through, and curls or burrs appear on the edges of the hammer and anvil, which are equivalent to osteophytes on the knee joint.
Six types of people are prone to bone spurs
In addition to the knee joints, osteophytes may also occur on the cervical spine, lumbar vertebrae, hip joints, ankle joints, heels, and other places that often bear weight, as well as fingers and shoulders. Different parts of osteophytes have different manifestations. It can be seen from the occurrence principle of osteophytes that the following types of people are more likely to grow osteophytes.
Obesity can lead to the burden of hip, knee, ankle and other joints too heavy, cartilage unduly squeeze, easy to form wear.
if the father or mother of the family suffered from osteophytes, then the probability of osteophytes children have also increased.
Heavy manual workers
and obesity is similar to the body to withstand the applied pressure, leading to easy damage to the articular cartilage.
The elderly population
osteophytes mainly due to degenerative changes in the body to produce clinically mainly in people over 60 years, which some women are more common.
High-intensity physical activity groups
increased the amount of current activities of young people is a good thing, can enhance physical fitness, to ensure good health, but long-term challenge to do some physical limits movement of people, such as athletes and some of the pursuit of the ultimate fitness personnel, would be easier than the average person There is a higher probability of joint degeneration and osteophytes.
Programmers, drivers and other sedentary population
in recent years, due to the need of social development, sedentary office more and more people, coupled with the “Ge You lie,” “legs” and other improper posture, have shown the incidence of osteophytes The trend of rejuvenation. At present, many patients with osteophytes in their 40s have appeared clinically.
Treatment is mainly to relieve symptoms
Experts point out that osteophyte is a natural phenomenon, and it is possible for everyone with age. Therefore, patients who already have osteophyte should not be too nervous, let alone believe those who claim that “taking medicine can eliminate bone spurs.” “Excessive activities can grind away bone spurs” in small advertisements, home remedies or informal institutions. Experts say: “The essence of osteophytes is the bones in our body. If there is a method of’taking medicine to eliminate bone spurs’, then our original bones will also be’eliminated’ together.”
Clinically, early osteophytes are usually treated conservatively. Methods. Patients with mild pain symptoms do not need treatment, and usually pay more attention to the following two points: weight loss, obese people need to reduce their own weight, so as to reduce the pressure on knee joints, ankle joints, heels and other parts; less wear and tear on joints Excessive movements, such as going up and down stairs, climbing, playing ball and other activities that require high frequency or large movements.
Under normal circumstances, the above two points can relieve the pain of most patients, but if the pain still persists, you can choose medication to relieve it, such as taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory analgesics, glucosamine, etc., or to conditions Medical institutions, inject closed needles with anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects into the joints. If drugs still cannot relieve pain, especially when osteophytes severely restrict joint movement, surgery can be considered, that is, joint repair or joint replacement surgery and removal of osteophytes at the same time.
The occurrence of osteophytes is “not a day’s cold”, so prevention of osteophytes is more important than treatment.
First, avoid sedentary sitting. Do not maintain the same posture for a long time. It is recommended that you get up and move for no less than 10 minutes every 30-40 minutes; maintain the correct sitting posture, do not tilt your “erlang’s legs”, do not sway, and do not bend excessively.
Second, exercise moderately. Moderate exercise can effectively reduce the degeneration of articular cartilage. People under 45 years of age without symptoms of discomfort do not restrict the form of exercise, but pay attention to fully warming up before exercise.
Finally, reduce wear. People over 45 years of age who experience joint pain when going up and down the stairs, regardless of whether they have osteophytes, should not do climbing, squatting, etc. When squatting up, the pressure on the knees is 6 to 7 times the weight of the upper body. It is recommended to do more exercises such as swimming, cycling