five new crown patients in Haryana died that morning, and their families attributed the death to a “severe shortage of medical oxygen”, which caused a “medical disturbance”. Due to the out-of-control epidemic, India has a severe shortage of medical oxygen. According to official data, the average daily oxygen production capacity (including industrial oxygen and medical oxygen) in India is 7,127 tons. Since April 12, the average daily demand for medical oxygen in India has soared to 6,785 tons from the previous 3,842 tons. Before the outbreak, the average daily consumption of medical oxygen in India was only 750-800 tons.
“The Indian Express” reported that since April 18, the medical oxygen supply chain has been “almost completely interrupted.” Innox, India’s largest liquid oxygen manufacturer, said that the company has 550 special cryogenic tank trucks and 600 drivers, responsible for 60% of the medical oxygen supply in India, and has customers in more than 800 hospitals. Full-scale production is interrupted from time to time, and the production capacity is only 2,000 tons, which is still in short supply.” Tiku, chairman of the All India Industrial Gas Manufacturers Association, said, “Production is only part of the problem. The key is long-distance transportation, especially for rural and remote areas.” Due to the poor road infrastructure conditions in India and the speed limit required for oxygen transportation, even point-to-point freight in a local state requires 5 to 10 hours. To make matters worse, there are currently only 1,172 special low-temperature tank trucks registered with the government. At present, the Indian railway department and the military have joined the “oxygen transport” team, but the report reluctantly describes it as “a drop in the bucket.”
In addition, another important reason for the current oxygen shortage in India is hoarding. An anonymous local medical oxygen supplier said in a telephone interview with a “Global Times” reporter, “Many families with elderly people, children or other patients with underlying diseases have been hoarding oxygen or oxygen generators.” “This is not only There are security risks, and it has pushed up market prices.” According to the Times of India, the price of a 5-liter home oxygen concentrator has doubled to 90,000 rupees from 45,000 rupees (1 rupees is about 0.1 yuan) two months ago, and the price of oxygen cylinders on the black market has increased by 7 Much times.
At present, countries such as Europe and the United States have decided to provide assistance to India. The Hindustan Times stated on the 26th that if the epidemic in India peaks in mid-May and gradually subsides, the “domestic production + foreign aid” approach should meet demand, but if the epidemic continues to worsen, it will include medical oxygen. Of medical resources may continue to face the dilemma of being stretched. The Chinese company Yuyue Medical said on the 26th that the main demand in India is oxygen concentrators, and local medical institutions have placed orders for purchases. “18,000 oxygen concentrators have been ordered in the past few days, and they are still continuing.”