Do mermaids really exist?

One day in August 1991, two professional shark catchers in the United States caught 11 sharks in the Caribbean Sea.

One of the tiger sharks was longer than their companions. When the fishermen dissected the tiger shark, they accidentally found a strange skeleton in its stomach.

This skeleton is not exactly the arrangement of the bones of any kind of fish, nor is it completely like a poor man who unfortunately died in the belly of a fish, but the upper body is like the bones of an adult, starting from the pelvis, it becomes a big fish. skeleton.

Experts input this peculiar bone data into the computer and draw the shape of a mermaid.

Mermaid, does it really exist?

Mermaid everywhere
Judging from various records, mermaids are almost everywhere. Whether it is far away Babylon, ancient China, or modern Europe, in various cultures, mermaids and their legends span time and regions and often occupy a place.

In Babylon more than 2,300 years ago, the historian Barrosos’s book “Ancient History” began to have records of mermaids. The Chinese Song Dynasty’s “The Story of Ancestor” made a detailed statement of the mermaid’s form: “The red dress is double-dressed, the bun hair is chaotic, and the red hyena is slightly exposed on the back of the rib. The skin of life is in the water, and the water is gone, but it is Mermaid too.”

This extremely vivid description, in the “Hurtson’s Voyage Diary” published in London in the 17th century, became more accurate and more like the existence of the mermaid in our impression today: “(The mermaid) has a back and a bust out of the sea. A woman is about the same size as a normal human, with fair skin and long black hair. When she dives underwater, she uses a tail similar to a dolphin to swim. On this tail, there is also a mackerel-like Many spots…”

If the written records contain some unrealistic imaginations of the creators, then the news about the mermaid has never been absent in the instant, truth-seeking news records.

In 1962, the “catch of mermaids alive” incident appeared in the British “The Sun”, my country’s Harbin City “New Evening News” and many other newspapers around the world. This year, a Soviet cargo ship carrying nuclear missiles accidentally sank off Cuba. Nuclear missiles are of great importance. Dr. Vinogrede of the Soviet Lenin Academy of Sciences and his companions took a probe ship to the waters of Cuba to search for the sunken ship in an attempt to retrieve the nuclear missile.

When scientists were observing the bottom of the sea with an underwater camera, they suddenly saw a strange creature: it looked like a fish from a distance, and looked more like a human child swimming in the water up close. Its head has fish-like gills, and its body is covered with scales, but looking at the camera’s eyes, it looks like a curious kid.

According to Dr. Vinogrede, they managed to catch the little mermaid about 0.6 meters in length, and even had a “human-to-human” dialogue with it—yes, this little mermaid will still Speaking of human language, it said it came from the city of Atlantis, the continent on which this city was located once straddled Africa and South America, and then sank to the bottom of the sea, and they survived on the bottom of the sea, with an average life span of 300 years…

The end of the news stated that the little mermaid was sent to a secret research institution for scientists to conduct research. However, the follow-up research results also disappeared with this sensational mermaid, who only heard rumors of not seeing her real body.

The mermaid without gills and scales is regarded as “another variant of the great apes” in the eyes of British marine biologists.

What does a mermaid look like?
If Dr. Winogred is right, mermaids should have human heads and scales. At the same time, in order to adapt to life in the deep sea, they will grow gills to breathe.

Similarly, in the book “Natural History” by the ancient Roman encyclopedia writer Gaius Pliny Sekondus, the appearance of the “mermaid” is also “real, rough and scaly. , And even those parts like women have scales.”

A human face with gills and fish scales all over the body… this look can’t be called “beauty”, and it is also very different from the mermaid in the text and impression.

A mermaid specimen made by stitching the monkey’s head torso and the back half of a fish

The description of the appearance of a mermaid by another group of scientists is closer to our imagination. Scientists represented by Dr. Lyle Wagner, an anthropologist from the University of Vasignia in Norway, believe that combining documentary records and descriptions of modern eyewitnesses, the mermaid’s head and upper body should be highly consistent with humans—perhaps without long gills. The lower body is a dolphin-like tail-it should be smooth and not covered with scales.

More researchers with the same opinion as Dr. Lyle Wagner believe: “The most similar part of mermaids and humans is that they have hair and their skin is tender and smooth. Female mermaids have the same breasts as human women and can hold small The mermaid feeds.”

The mermaid without gills and scales is regarded as “another variant of the great apes” in the eyes of British marine biologists. The reason why they can live in the deep sea with a human-like appearance is because “human babies also live in the amniotic fluid before they are born, and can swim in the water as soon as they are born.”

From this point of view, leaving aside the detailed debate about the gills and scales, “humanoids” belong to the “undersea people” that humans have never understood, and are these scientists’ answers to “what is a mermaid”.

In the eyes of more pragmatic Chinese biologists, the legendary mermaid may not be so mysterious.

In the early 1970s, fishermen in the South China Sea saw mermaids vaguely many times during their fishing operations, and the story of “human face and fish body” was once circulated in the market. In 1975, with the help of fishermen, my country’s scientific research unit caught the “mermaid”-it is actually a dugong, commonly known as a manatee, which is a relatively rare marine mammal.

The “mermaids” that most ordinary fishermen see are most likely marine mammals such as dugongs and beluga whales.

Unlike other animals living in the ocean, dugongs still use their lungs to breathe, and they have to surface every ten minutes to breathe. This gives fishermen the opportunity to witness them; at the same time, dugongs have some long growths on their backs. Hair, in the sea with low visibility, is likely to be mistaken for human hair by fishermen.

Dugong thought to be the prototype of a mermaid

As a mammal, dugongs must be viviparous and breast-feeding. When breastfeeding, the mother dugong needs to hug the baby dugong with her forelegs, and her head and breasts will be exposed to the surface of the water to prevent the suckling baby from choking. This scene is almost the same as those of “mermaid breastfeeding”.

Mermaid, is it dugong?

Do mermaids really exist?
The dugong, which keeps breathing, is essentially a “fish”, which is very different from “human”, and has nothing to do with the “beauty” of various postures and skins. The “catching little mermaid” in 1962 is a long The monster with gills and scales is at odds with the mermaid’s reverie.

In the middle of the 18th century, a sensational exhibition of mermaid specimens was held in London, England, and a fashion has been formed since then, and they have been exhibited in major cities such as New York in the United States. However, it has been verified that those mermaid specimens that are extremely in line with people’s imagination, with a human upper body and a fish tail on the lower body, are actually artificial splicing of monkey and fish specimens.

Mermaid, does it really exist?

Although the imagination is beautiful and magnificent, it is a pity that from an evolutionary point of view, mermaids are indeed unlikely to exist. The “beautiful” parts in the legend-such as long flowing hair, curvilinear figure, stretched upper limbs, and delicate skin, are almost catastrophic for the creatures living in the ocean.

Long hair is useless, it can only increase the resistance to swimming; the graceful figure and the full breasts hinder rapid movement, and it is impossible to store thick enough fat to cope with the low temperature of the underwater world; upper limbs that can be taken and fight on land-arms, fingers , It completely loses its effect in the ocean. These hands can neither speed up swimming nor control tools under gravity. They are far less practical than a pair of fish fins. As for the delicate skin of humans, it is easy to open flesh in the deep sea, not to mention it. The protective color “white”, like a self-destructive banner, tells the ferocious sharks and whales in the deep sea: there is food…

The more critical question is, how does the mermaid breathe? If you breathe with gills, the mermaid’s face is obviously not “beautiful” enough, and if you breathe with gills, the oxygen density is insufficient, and it is difficult to support a developed brain that can clearly articulate human language; if you breathe with lungs, you must have large enough lungs. To hold the breath for a period of time, then the mermaid’s body must at least resemble a dugong to hold a much larger lung than a human on land.

These images are contrary to science and prove that even if a certain kind of ape is forced to survive and retreat to the sea due to changes in the crust, under the law of “convergent evolution”, it will become like a fish in the long adaptation and evolution. Only in order to survive in the intricate deep-sea environment.

That being the case, why are there so many “witnesses” all over the world claiming to see mermaids with their own eyes?

Apart from some deliberate hype, the “mermaids” that most ordinary fishermen see are most likely to be marine mammals such as dugongs and beluga whales. Under stress, visual feedback can cause illusions. “Mermaid Witness” was born.

At the same time, influenced by knowledge, cognition, and different naming methods, people’s scientific cognition of biology varies in different historical periods, and it is easy to cause some distortion in the process of disseminating information through words or other means. For example, in the era of great navigation, people referred to squids as “North Sea Giant Monsters” and whales as “sea monsters.” Today, in the eyes of some people who have never seen a Canadian hairless cat, this is an out-and-out “alien creature.” “Mermaid” is very likely to be a misnomer or misrepresentation of a known species.

Then, why does the text image of the “mermaid”, which spans time and space and is prosperous in various cultures, possesses tenacious vitality?

“Mermaid” may be a kind of empathy. If you carefully distinguish the image of mermaid, you will find that the “mermaid” seen by fishermen and seafarers are almost all graceful female images, with beautiful skin and long hair, full of some curious sexual metaphors; and in the legend of the Amazon River Basin , “Mermaid” images are almost all strong male images, with muscular upper body and broad shoulders…

Why is the gender difference of mermaids in different places so obvious? The graceful female mermaid is the female fantasy of male sailors who go to sea all year round, while the robust male mermaid image of the Amazon River basin is the male fantasy of women who live alone all the year round and wash clothes by the river.

During World War II, the Soviet Union deliberately named a girl “Katyusha” when naming its secret weapon, rocket launcher.

Perhaps, in the seas and battlefields where life and death are ever-changing, the imaginations brought by “Mermaid” and “Katyusha” have been in the illusion and brought real comfort to people in labor.