Compared with 4 years ago, we pay more attention to mental health. What does this show?
Not long after the beginning of the year, many news incidents and people’s mental health problems have already intersected.
On January 7, Luo Lili, a 34-year-old female entrepreneur, fell from a building in Hong Kong due to postpartum depression and died together with her 5-month-old biological daughter. On January 9, a Pinduoduo employee jumped to his death from the building in Changsha. It was announced that the OA system of the intranet has opened a channel for counseling on psychological and special emergencies and arranging special personnel to provide consulting services for employees.
In the past, people mentioned “health” more about the physical and physical aspects; however, according to the definition of the World Health Organization, health not only refers to the absence of physical diseases, but also covers more levels such as mental health, good social adaptation, and morality. . As the saying goes, “Half of health is mental health.” When the pace of life and work in modern society seems to be speeding up irreversibly, people’s attention to psychological problems is also increasing.
Data from the latest “2020 Public Mental Health Insight Report” released by Simple Psychology shows that the respondents who think mental health issues are important and often pay attention to psychological content have risen from 50.5% 4 years ago to 78.34%. The soaring numerical value in the past four years not only shows that people are beginning to face more mental health problems, but also means that they pay full attention to related issues.
Destigmatization is urgent
The outbreak of the new crown pneumonia in early 2020 has aggravated the mental health challenges faced by society to a certain extent: on the one hand, prevention and control measures such as home isolation reduce people’s opportunities to socialize offline; on the other hand, there are a lot of uncertainties. And the emergence of various public opinion events has also become a breeding ground for negative emotions.
In the survey, nearly 65% of respondents believed that their mental health was affected by the new crown epidemic, with specific symptoms including depression, anxiety, and insomnia. Among them, even close to 16% of the interviewees mentioned that new coronary pneumonia has had a great impact on their mental health.
Fortunately, more people are willing to confess their mental health difficulties. People’s attitudes have changed because the stigmatization of mental health has improved significantly in the past few years.
If you compare it with 4 years ago, you will find that there are many wrong views that were quite recognized at that time. For example, 46.2% of the interviewees believe that psychological problems are caused by people’s mental fragility, 26% believe that people with mental illness need psychological counseling, and the proportion of respondents who believe that psychological problems can be overcome by their will is close to two. to make.
For people who are suffering from psychological problems, an unfriendly public opinion environment is another big mountain that weighs on them apart from illness. Under the pressure of the group, they dare not express their attitude or seek medical treatment, and prolonged delay will further aggravate the negative impact of psychological problems.
The good news is that with the development of society and the popularization of related knowledge, more people are beginning to form correct perceptions of mental health problems. According to the latest survey data in 2020, up to 89% of people disagree that the cause of psychological problems is due to vulnerability, 95% of respondents disagree that mentally ill people need to seek counseling support, and 97% believe that they rely on The will to resist psychological problems is totally groundless.
Under the two different time and space scenarios, people’s understanding of mental health has a huge difference, which is a manifestation of social progress.
”Psychological problems are actually very common, just like the body will catch a cold and fever, such as low self-esteem, difficulty expressing yourself in a relationship, or depression, meaninglessness, etc.,” Chen Xi, head of the Simple Psychological Academic Operations Department, told “First Caijing Magazine: “People’s secretiveness to psychological problems will greatly hinder themselves from getting timely and effective help, so we need to continue the process of destigmatization.”
To solve the problem, we must first face the existence of the problem. Survey data shows that more than 80% of the respondents will review their mental health at least once a week, which is of great benefit to the improvement of the overall mental health of the society.
Channels for citizens to acquire psychological knowledge in 2016
Simple Psychology “2020 Public Mental Health Insight Report” surveyed more than 30,000 interviewees in total, with the purpose of fully understanding the mental health of the Chinese people.
About simple psychology
Simple Psychology is a psychological counseling service platform founded in 2014.
Old problems under “involution”
Beginning in the second half of last year, with the popularization of anthropologist Xiang Biao and other scholars, “Inner Volume” has moved from the context of academic research to the general public. This state, which is considered to be a “gyroscopic endless loop”, just hit the emotions accumulated by people under the slowing trend of globalization, which triggered subsequent rounds of discussions in society.
To some extent, the so-called involution reflects the intensification of competition within society, which will obviously stimulate more negative emotions and affect mental health. Although in a brand-new social environment and began to be keen to discuss some new hot words, survey data found that the mental health problems faced by people are still some long-standing old problems.
Depression, anxiety, and stress are still the three mountains that are difficult to overcome. As many as 81.81% of the respondents stated that they had been troubled by anxiety, depression and other emotions, which is a very high proportion.
In addition to depression and anxiety and other emotional problems, this year’s survey also found that “personal growth troubles such as self-confidence, trust, etc.” and “career planning, study/work pressure and other troubles” ranked second and third in psychological factors. On the whole, the ranking of the top three has not changed from 2016 to 2020, showing a relatively stable state.
The big difference lies in the fourth place-in 2020, 45.12% of the interviewees mentioned that family-related problems such as parental communication have a greater psychological impact on them, replacing emotional problems such as marriage and love in 2016. This reflects that people have stronger autonomy in love and marriage so that they are no longer troubled by it too much, but the intergenerational communication problem with the original family has become a new problem that needs to be solved.
The well-known Maslow hierarchy of needs theory divides human needs into five levels from low to high: physiological needs, safety needs, social needs, respect needs and self-realization needs. If you sort out the differences in the four years, you can also find that people’s focus is shifting from social needs to a higher level, such as a strong pursuit of “meaning”.
In the survey of people in the workplace, more than half of the interviewees believed that “meaninglessness” is constituting their own psychological distress, and this has really affected their work and quality of life. These emotions can be expressed in various forms, such as the “emotional exhaustion” of daily indifference, the “low sense of personal accomplishment” without strong driving force, and the “self-materialization” that defines oneself as a working machine.
It is worth noting that no matter what kind of specific expression of emotions ultimately points to the dissolution of the meaning of life, this abnormal and anti-human situation will inevitably trigger resistance at some point. For example, there have been constant reflections on the irrational employment of Internet companies 996, large and small weeks, and over 350 hours of work per month. This reflects the strong demand for people to return to life. There are both old problems and new dilemmas. How to solve people’s “meaninglessness” has become an issue that the entire society will face in the next few years.
Where does your work pressure come from?
Data source: Simple Psychology “2020 Public Mental Health Insight Report”
People’s sorrows and joys are different
From an overall point of view, the psychological problems that people face are roughly the same; if you look at different groups of people, you will find that they have their own problems.
For young people, parents with high standards and strict requirements have become a new source of stress. Chinese parents’ high attention to education promotes social progress, and at the same time puts current children under greater pressure than their parents. Many parents impose their unfulfilled wishes on their children. From reporting interest classes and cram schools to applying invisible pressure through words in life, these have become a heavy burden in the growth of young people.
According to survey data, more than one-third of junior high school students said their parents’ “too strict discipline and high expectations” put pressure on themselves, and more than one-fifth said “difficulty communicating with their parents”. The budding of self-awareness during adolescence and the growing expectations of parents in the fierce social competition eventually led to the deterioration of many intergenerational communication problems.
Postpartum depression has become a nightmare for many novice mothers. Nearly 70% of mothers have experienced postpartum depression. Due to the advent of new lives, women generally face the problem of re-adapting to their family and social roles. If they cannot get effective support from their families during the difficult adjustment period, it is easy to develop psychological problems.
About 60% of the interviewees said that poor sleep affects their mood, but a higher percentage blamed the problem on “family or spouse practices”, such as the severe lack of “time to bring babies” to spouses. In the survey, more than half of the novice mothers complained that their spouses spend less than 10 hours in raising children per week, and their expected time is more than 25 hours. The huge gap between ideal and reality has become a contradiction. fuse.
It is worth noting that psychological problems have always been a systematic problem. Its appearance is not only related to the individual, but also closely related to the family and social environment that the individual faces. Just like the outbreak of the new crown pneumonia epidemic will make more people feel anxious, the lack of time for spouses to raise children will lead to postpartum depression for novice mothers.
Therefore, in order to alleviate psychological anxiety, we must not only rely on the individual, but also need the entire society to have a more correct understanding of mental health problems. However, compared with 4 years ago, the situation is improving significantly, even though there is still a considerable distance from the ultimate goal.