Space X: The first Martian city will start with a glass dome

  ”At least the future space civilization will have our relics, and will leave a deep impression on how humans can reach this point.” Musk said.
  Space X CEO Musk has some ambitious plans to turn humans into multi-planetary species. With the help of the interstellar fleet, the fearless billionaire hopes to establish a permanent foothold on Mars with a population of 1 million by 2050.

  As early as June 2002, when Musk established Space X, a space exploration technology company, as CEO and chief technology officer, Musk began to study how to reduce the cost of rocket launches, and plans to realize Mars immigration in the future and create a real human Space civilization.
  In March 2013, Space X successfully launched and recovered a reusable rocket, and successfully docked the spacecraft with the International Space Station. It seems to be one step closer to his own space civilization plan.
  Now, Musk is publicly further enriching his vision.

  Recently, Musk responded to the question of the early appearance of life on Mars on Twitter. He wrote: “It was life in the glass dome at first.” If there are the first humans to immigrate to Mars, they will live at a constant temperature in a short time. In the glass house, until humans can change the climate of Mars to a climate suitable for human living. “Ultimately, Mars will be terraformed to sustain life, just like the earth.”
  Scientists and science fiction writers have always believed that terraforming allows humans to breathe on the surface of Mars. But this is still a distant dream-far beyond the first Mars base, Musk said.
  Musk wrote in a subsequent Twitter: “Earth transformation will be too slow and has nothing to do with our lives.” “However, we can build a human base there in our lifetime. At least the future space civilization will have our remnants, Will be deeply impressed that human beings can get to this point.”
problems at hand

  The terraforming of Mars is indeed a huge project. An analysis last year concluded that it may take 3,500 nuclear warheads a day to raise the atmospheric pressure of Mars to a respirable level and melt the Earth’s ice cap to release carbon dioxide, which is then stored in the form of greenhouse gases. . But this plan has a big obstacle. The accompanying radiation can also make the surface completely uninhabitable.
  Surprisingly, a study in 2018 also concluded that there is not enough carbon dioxide on this red planet to increase atmospheric pressure and sustain human life on the surface of the earth. But these restrictions will not prevent Musk from realizing his dream of establishing a permanent presence there.
  Musk has previously stated that with the help of the “Thousand Stars” spacecraft and large rockets, he said he will be able to carry 100 tons of cargo or 100 passengers between planets, and “a sustainable Martian city” will be established. According to Musk’s calculations, about 100 cars carry 100 tons of cargo every two years.
  Moreover, the early settlements may look a bit rough. “Landing on Mars is not the most fundamental issue. The most fundamental issue is to build a base and build a self-sufficient city on Mars.” He said at the “Virtual Human Landing on Mars Summit” in September.
  ”I want to emphasize that this is a very difficult and dangerous thing. Not for the faint-hearted. You are likely to die. This will be a difficult process, but if it succeeds, it will be very honorable.” He added at the time.
Opponents’ voice

  In August 2019, Chinese billionaire Jack Ma and Musk clashed over the plan, saying that the planet “needs more heroes.” The plan may cost 1% of global GDP.
  In an interview with the magazine, Guenter Lang, professor of economics, also said that the city may have difficulty attracting global citizens who are willing to pay for travel.
  However, the excitement of this long-term proposal may help support short-term goals, such as establishing a base and supporting scientific discovery. These goals are more likely to see results in Musk’s lifetime.

  Space X is currently developing an interstellar spacecraft to complete the first step of this plan. This fully reusable spacecraft, when combined with a super-heavy booster, is about 400 feet high, and is designed to send 150 tons of people or 100 people into space at one time. In August of this year, Space X launched a full-scale prototype of the spacecraft to an altitude of 500 feet, and plans to launch to higher altitudes over time.
  And its Raptor engine uses liquid oxygen and methane as fuel instead of the Merlin engine fueled by kerosene on the Falcon 9. This means that humans can land on Mars, obtain fuel from Mars, or return home, or venture further afield. If everything goes according to Musk’s ambitious plan, the first interstellar spacecraft will go to Mars as early as 2024.