In addition to carbon dioxide, there are other greenhouse gases accelerating global warming, one of which is methane. In order to reduce this kind of gas emissions, New Zealand started from a major source of emissions: sheep.
According to the “Guardian” report, in New Zealand, each person owns 6 sheep on average, and the amount of greenhouse gas emissions from animal husbandry accounts for one third of the country’s total. As a result, New Zealand started the “world’s first” genetic project to help people breed sheep with low methane emissions, that is, to make them fart and burp less.
New Zealand’s NewsHub website reported that the country’s leading animal husbandry industry pioneered a method called “methane breeding value”, which requires regular monitoring of methane emissions from sheep, and the data obtained combined with other genetic information to calculate the sheep’s “methane breeding value”. Use this to judge sheep with low methane emissions.
The project was supported by the Greenhouse Gas Research Association and other institutions funded by the New Zealand government. “This is the first case in the world that can provide the New Zealand sheep breeding industry with practical tools to reduce agricultural greenhouse gases.” said Esping, general manager of the Greenhouse Gas Research Association.
In addition, he also pointed out that the biggest factor influencing methane emissions from livestock is the food they consume. To this end, the federation has cooperated with three scientific and technological institutions “to reduce methane emissions from food.” At the same time, other methane reduction technologies are also being used.
It is estimated that two years later, breeders in New Zealand will be able to obtain sheep breeds with low methane emissions. By then, commercial scale breeding is expected.
“With 200,000 yen (approximately RMB 12,953), can a large amount of private data of a person’s daily life be bought and sold?” This sentence comes from a recruitment poster for the Project Exograph project initiated by a Japanese IT company.
“Nippon Mainichi Shimbun” reported that Project Exograph is a social experiment in which participants can get 200,000 yen. It is reported that by mid-November, 500 people have signed up for the project, and the male to female ratio is 4:1.
As for the reason for their registration, some people said they wanted to contribute to society, and 30% to 40% said it was for money.
To get the money, the participants began to be filmed from November 25th. For a month, there are cameras in the living room, bedroom, kitchen and other areas. The only blind spot is the bathroom. Subsequently, the project initiator will process the video so that participants cannot be identified.
In addition, the video will also be analyzed to obtain relevant data, such as what people drink after bathing; where they are when watching TV, etc.
The futuristic science website stated that in the end, the project sponsor will negotiate with a number of companies and experts to seek to realize these data. They believe that online data such as information entered by people in search engines has been realized, and if real-life data can be used, it will be helpful in solving diseases caused by lifestyle and developing new drugs. beneficial.
However, as soon as the Project Exograph project came out, there was no lack of criticism from the outside world. Some called it unethical, and some said it was exploiting the poor. For this reason, the remuneration for participants was increased from 130,000 yen to 200,000 yen.
In the Arctic region, the Russian military ushered in a special group of recruits-Huskies. The BBC reported that the Russian army plans to re-use dogs for transportation in the northern Arctic.
Currently, in the Murmansk region, the Arctic brigade of the Russian Northern Fleet is training Siberian Husky. The dog instructor is responsible for training the huskies to drag a soldier with a snowboard and to pull multiple soldiers with a sled. The soldiers are also learning how to train and care for huskies.
After 6 weeks, the Huskies must cooperate with the soldiers tacitly. According to the Russian Ministry of Defense TV channel Zvezda TV, the current training is at the familiar stage and will soon enter the practical stage.
The reason why the military uses huskies is that they can quickly transport soldiers equipped with weapons in the snow, and they can also reach places that military vehicles cannot reach.
“Moscow Times” reported that the Russian army began to use military dogs as early as 1840. Military dogs are very common in the Russian army. In World War II, the Soviet army is expected to have 60,000 military dogs. Today, there are more than 3,000 military dogs in the Russian armed forces. Most of the time, they are used to detect explosives and act as guards.
Now, the Northern Fleet also has a few puppies and adult huskies, they will live with the existing guard dogs.