Above the moon, I am looking up.
Whenever we look at the night sky, a bright moon hangs before our eyes. It is beyond expectation, and my mind is unavoidable. Have there been traces of humans on that piece of land, and are there any unknown stories and legends?
Many filmmakers are as interested in such stories and legends as we are. Therefore, since the first sci-fi film “Moon Journey” in 1902, many films about the moon have appeared on the big screen and become the most famous in movie history. classic.
Just let us land on the moon in the movie and see if the scenery there is the same as you imagined.
The first science fiction movie: “Moon Journey”
As early as the silent film era, the moon became the subject of filmmakers.
In December 1895, when the Lumière brothers screened the film in Paris, Georges Mélière also paid 1 franc to enter the theater. He was immediately fascinated by these “moving pictures” and couldn’t help but want to spend 20,000 francs to buy a “movie machine,” but he was politely rejected.
The 34-year-old Meili Ai was young and vigorous, determined to run movies, so he bought a camera made by Robert W. Paul from the optical house in London and started shooting movies. He first imitated the Lu’s brothers and Edison, and the more than 80 short films he made were nothing new. It was not until 1897 that he built a photography studio with 80,000 francs in his beautiful manor, that he began to notice special effects photography and gradually showed his creativity.
In 1902, his “Moon Journey” was screened in a temporary studio and was very popular. This is the first science fiction movie in film history. The science fiction creation of the film is inspired by Jules Verne’s novel “From the Earth to the Moon” and Wells’ novel “The First Man to Reach the Moon”.
The professor played by Meili Ai at the opening tried to persuade colleagues to participate in a moon landing plan. His proposal was approved, and the scientists took a spacecraft to the moon. This spaceship is actually a cannonball. It was fired by a cannon. Because rockets and spacecraft had not been invented at that time, the director couldn’t imagine the spacecraft. The first thing he thought of was the cannon.
Several astronomers flew to the moon on a cannonball in this way, and finally stopped at the “left eye” of the moon. The scientists who landed on the moon were actually a group of Hogwarts magicians with pointed hats. They met aliens on the moon. The aliens arrested them and took them to the “king” of the aliens, but the earthlings found that these lunar villains could not stand the touch of an umbrella and disappeared in a cloud of smoke. After a successful escape, they returned to the earth and fell into the ocean again. They visited the underwater world as a blessing in disguise. They were finally rescued without danger and the scientists were also rewarded.
The film is the pioneering work of science fiction films. The film was released in black and white and hand-painted color versions in 1902, with a total length of about 14 minutes. In these ten minutes, the film cost 1,500 gold Louis “huge money” at the time, and it was a well-deserved big investment in production at the time.
Although “Travel to the Moon” was very popular at the time, it failed to bring much wealth to Meili Ai. Méliès’ star company fell into trouble due to poor management, and was eventually merged and collapsed by the newly emerging EMI in France. Meili Ai also lost a large audience because she stood still and fell into the dramatic process, and eventually became an open-air toy vendor at the railway station. After that, he spent the last of his old age in a nursing home on the outskirts of Paris. In 1938, he finished his life in solitude. After his death, the ending and color version of “Moon Journey” was lost. In 1993, a severely damaged color copy was donated by a private collector to the Barcelona Film Archive, Spain; in 2002, the ending “Triumphal” was rediscovered in France, and the film restoration project lasted for more than ten years. In 2011, the film was in color. The fully restored version premiered at the Cannes Film Festival, and people saw this far-reaching sci-fi masterpiece again. By this time, Mélière had been dead for 73 years.
Left: “Travel to the Moon.” Right: “Apollo 13”.
Lucky Apollo 13
Apollo 13 is the seventh manned mission of NASA’s Apollo program and the third manned mission to the moon.
In 1995, the film “Apollo 13” adapted from the memoir “Lost the Moon: Apollo 13’s Dangerous Journey” created by Jim Lowell and Jeffrey Kruger was released. The Apollo 13 spacecraft, which was launched in 1970, had an explosion while flying to the moon, but the three astronauts-James Lowell, Fred Hayes and Jack Sweigert experienced After many tests, he returned to Earth after nine deaths, creating a miracle in the history of aerospace.
At 2:13 pm on April 11, 1970, U.S. Eastern Time, the Saturn 5 carrier rocket, code-named SA-508, was ignited into space before the launch complex of the Kennedy Space Center 39A in Cape Canaveral, Florida. The arrow carried the Apollo 13 spacecraft and its three astronauts. In the beginning, everything was normal.
On the third day of Apollo 13’s liftoff, the ground command center issued an order that they hoped that astronaut Jack Sweigt could stir the oxygen tank to ensure even distribution of oxygen. The moment the button was pressed, the service compartment exploded. After Jack Sweigert checked the meters, he said: “Houston, we had a problem here just now.” Jim Lovell later returned a similar sentence: “Houston, we just had a problem.”
“Apollo 13” stills.
The three astronauts in the cabin were also shocked. Under the guidance of the ground command center, the astronauts quickly checked the service module. It turned out that the No. 2 oxygen tank in the service cabin suddenly exploded, blasting a large hole in the cabin, and the spacecraft lost its stability and rolled over because of the constant leaking air. The situation is extremely sinister!
The Apollo 13 carrying three astronauts is 320,000 kilometers away from the earth. The spacecraft cannot continue the mission to land on the moon. At this moment, the three astronauts have to face an unprecedented test. Even if they return to the earth immediately, it takes four. Day trip, but the lunar module’s oxygen, water, electricity, and food are only enough for two astronauts to last two days. The three astronauts first connected the air cleaner in the command module to the air system in the lunar module to solve the problem of insufficient oxygen, and at the same time turned off the power as much as possible to reduce food intake. In addition, through the guidance of the ground control center, the astronauts used the lunar module as a lifeboat while changing the original flight route, that is, first fly to the moon for a round-the-moon flight, and then fly back to the earth. After orbiting the moon for 2 hours, the astronauts fired the rocket for 5 minutes to increase the speed and allow the spacecraft to return to Earth 9 hours earlier.
During the return process, the astronauts need to manually ignite the engine to correct the orbit of the damaged spacecraft in order to re-enter the earth’s atmosphere. Once the trajectory into the atmosphere is deviated, it is an extinction disaster. The spacecraft will be bounced back into space by the atmosphere, or it will be completely burnt due to increased friction. The key to controlling the trajectory is to start the engine to adjust the precise time of the spacecraft’s position. In the end, when all the electronic equipment failed, the astronauts used the Speedmaster they wore to successfully perform a 14-second ignition timing, which was gratifying. However, the spacecraft landed on the Pacific Ocean on April 17 for 142 hours and 40 minutes, and the three astronauts returned to Earth safely.
After 7 days of tossing, on April 17, 1970, “Apollo 13” finally landed on the Pacific Ocean. Although the mission to the moon failed, all the astronauts were rescued. The crew members of Apollo 13 were lucky. Sixteen years later, the American Challenger spacecraft exploded and disintegrated in the air. All seven astronauts were killed. It became the darkest day in the history of American astronautics. They were not so lucky.
That is the happy moon, the moon that children love. I hope that such a moon will become a reality in the future, so that everyone will become as happy as Doraemon and Nobita.
Moon: The most extreme loneliness in the world
When the three astronauts of Apollo 13 struggled in the universe, you can imagine their loneliness.
The sci-fi suspense film “Moon” directed by Duncan Jones (the director of “Warcraft”) shows this kind of loneliness. Compared with those sci-fi masterpieces with gorgeous special effects, this movie named directly after “moon” looks somewhat shabby. However, compared with Apollo 13, the loneliness of “Moon” is more extreme. The leading role is only one person. Sam Rockwell has to play not only himself, but also his own clone and fight with himself. Almost the entire film took place in a “moon base built in a studio”. There is no major production or major cast of the film, and the investment is only US$5 million. The production was completed in 33 days. However, this small-cost science fiction film has been praised by many science fiction fans, movie fans and critics.
In the future world, with the rapid progress of science and technology, the pollution of the earth will become more and more serious. In order to contain this situation, a company called Yueneng Industrial Co., Ltd. came into being. The company is committed to the development of lunar energy and meets the earth’s energy needs by collecting helium-3. Lunar Energy has a base on the moon, and Sam Bell is the only staff on the base. Sam is a contract worker hired by the company. He has lived alone on the moon for 3 years, accompanied by the intelligent robot Gotti. The boring life makes Sam feel like an arrow. When he was leaving the moon in two weeks, Sam had an accident. After waking up, he found that Gotti seemed to conceal something from him, and the company executives also refused his return request. Sam took the opportunity to escape from the base, but found another himself in the accident site…
Left: “The Moon”. Right: “Doraemon: Nobita’s Adventure to the Moon”.
Where do I come from and where do I want to go? “Moon” is not only a human clone film thinking about the relationship between future technology and humans, but also full of suspense and humanitarian thinking about future technology. The whole film seems to be slow, but it is full of mysteries. Most of this film is devoted to several ultimate human propositions, such as the dignity of life. Its reflection on technology has deeply touched people’s souls, and it is also extremely successful in creating a lonely and desolate atmosphere.
On the moon, Duncan Jones tells the story of loneliness to the bone, it is so heart-wrenching.
Doraemon will go to the moon too
Compared with Duncan Jones’ loneliness and despair, this part of the “Doraemon” series is much happier.
In July 1969, humans landed on the moon for the first time, and 2019 marks the 50th anniversary. At the same time, the “Doraemon” animation broadcast on Asahi TV in Japan in April 1979 is also the 40th anniversary of the broadcast of Doraemon animation in 2019. Therefore, the Doraemon Production Committee decided to produce this “Doraemon: Nobita’s Adventure on the Moon”.
“Doraemon: Nobita’s Adventure on the Moon” poster.
Nobita saw news reports on TV that Japan’s Lunar Probe Ghost Umbrella launched to the moon captured a mysterious white shadow with a camera. Experts believe that this is a magnetic storm caused by solar flares, and Nobita firmly believes that it was passed down from legend. The myth of “there is a rabbit on the moon” provokes the ridicule of the fat tigers. So, So, Doraemon, Nobita, Shizuka, Fat Tiger, Xiaofu… set off again with “Doraemon: Nobita’s Adventure on the Moon”, and take the friends to explore the moon together! Nobita’s universal partner, Doraemon, used the “Unknown Club Medal” to help Daxiong win back a city and established a “Moon Rabbit Kingdom” on the moon.
Unlike Western science fiction movies, Japanese cartoons are obviously influenced by Chinese myths and legends. The moon in their fantasy is a kingdom composed of moon rabbits. Why is there a rabbit on the moon? Gu Tu, also known as “Gu Tu”, is a jade rabbit who pounds medicine in the middle of the month. It first appeared in Qu Yuan’s “Songs of the Chu·Heaven Questions”: “Je Liwei, and Gu Tu is in the belly?” Wang Yi’s note: “Yes. There is a dodder in the middle of the month, why is it greedy for profit; living in the belly of the moon, and looking after?” Wen Yiduo said that Gu Tu is a toad, but most scholars now think that the moon rabbit should be used to solve this problem. Gu means looking and looking back. The female rabbit in the ground is pregnant while looking at the moon. Therefore, this rabbit in the middle of the month is the only male rabbit in the world. This may conflict with our previous understanding. The cute rabbit next to Chang’e can be with Chang’e. We often mistakenly think that this is a female rabbit. This understanding is a little bit different from the logic in the myth.
Therefore, according to this logic, all rabbits now are the descendants of this moon rabbit, and we have to watch the rabbit lanterns on the Lantern Festival, also because the night of the fifteenth full moon in the first month is the world of the jade rabbit in the middle of the moon.
In the “Doraemon: Nobita’s Adventure on the Moon” screenwriter special, Naoki Award writer Tsujimura Fukasuki emotionally described the profound influence of Doraemon on his creation. He said: “If there is no Doraemon, I am afraid I will not create novels like I do now.” It can be seen that Doraemon has been guarding everyone’s imagination, bringing power and possibilities to more people. Tsujimura said that as a loyal fan of Doraemon, he was infected by Mr. Fujiko·F·Fujio’s “enjoying manga”, and he also wanted to “create Doraemon scripts happily” and “make this Deliver happiness to the audience” so that this happiness can continue to accompany more people.
In fact, the moon in the cartoon brought a lot of joy because of the arrival of Doraemon. But in addition to joy, we will also find that this theatrical version of “Doraemon” is not the same as the TV version we watched before. It has a bigger brain and is more well-made, occupying the movie pedigree about the moon. A place. That is the happy moon, the moon that children love. I hope that such a moon will become a reality in the future, so that everyone will become as happy as Doraemon and Nobita.