Death ride merchant
1347 in early October, a merchant ship left the port of Genoa Crimean city of Kaffa peninsula, Messina to Sicily to take drove those aboard one extremely tired. This city has been besieged by the Mongolian army for 4 years, and everyone is suffering in the bloody storm, and now they can finally relax.
Before boarding the ship, the experienced sailors will look around as usual to see if there are any signs of rats on the ship. They don’t hate mice. In the era of great navigation, mice were the loyal companions of sailors. Before the ship anchored, if there were no mice on the ship, the sailors would refuse to board the ship. On this journey, everyone got up in peace-as usual, there were a few small black things on the boat.
When the merchant ship arrived in the port of Sicily, there were many ships entering and leaving the port. No one paid attention to this exhausted Genoese merchant ship. When the sailors and merchants disembarked and rested, a few small black things also came ashore, which changed the bad luck of Europe. He also landed ashore soon-the end of Europe had come.
Soon after the sailors on this ship got off the ship, the terrible plague became widespread in Messina. This kind of plague is fierce and unprecedented. After being infected, patients will develop lumps, followed by coughing up blood and vomiting, and will die within 3 days. Even more frightening is that people who have talked to them, touched them, and even touched their clothes will be infected.
The people of Messina quickly realized that the plague came from this Genoese merchant ship, and the merchant ship and sailors were immediately expelled. But it was too late. The plague had spread. This plague took 1/3 of the lives of Sicily. News of the plague on the ship spread quickly, and the ports that received the news refused to let them dock, but they went all the way to France along the coastline and sent the plague to French ports that did not know the news.
This plague landed on the European continent and killed 25 million people in Europe in three years. This scene is like the death god wielding a sickle and frantically harvesting life on the European continent. In the following two to three hundred years, the plague continued to “play” in a stable manner, killing tens of millions of Europeans. This plague was the Black Death that was constantly mentioned by people.
In search of death
The Black Death bloodbathed Europe, and panicked Europeans were at a loss. They squeezed into churches and begged God for forgiveness and salvation. But soon they discovered that prayer and holy water had no effect, and people blamed the livestock as usual. They killed the cats and dogs around them, but they were still useless. Someone discovered that one of the sources of infection of the Black Death spread in France was a Jewish woman from Spain to France, so the whole of Western Europe began another persecution of Jews.
The King of France ordered professors at the University of Paris to search for the cause of the Black Death. At the time, there were the best scientists in Europe at the University of Paris. After several months of research, they believed that this plague was related to the evil connection between the planets, and that extraterrestrial gases continued to pollute the earth’s air to cause this disaster. .
The stubborn Genoese did not want to bear the notoriety that brought the devil of the plague to everyone. They began to follow the route of the plague ship and search for the root of the virus. Finally, they found the city of Kafa. Recalling the various experiences of the four years of siege, recalling the rats that went on board the merchant ship in Genoa, people slowly understood one thing-the Black Death might be brought by the Mongolian army from the east. In the following hundreds of years, a large number of scholars searched hard and finally found a path to death.
In 1258, Baghdad, the center of the Islamic world that once posed a huge threat to the Christian world in Europe, was captured by the Mongols who were dedicated to conquering the world. This broke the Arabs’ control of the eastern and western trade routes and opened up this trade route. The northern line, and the tragedy is hidden in this newly opened commercial road.
Because this northern trade road passes through the previously inaccessible prairie, a large number of marmots live here, and these marmots have very little chance of contact with humans. After the commercial road was opened, business travelers passed through, and the marmots began to enter human settlements. They happen to be carrying a species of Yersinia pestis, which humans have never come into contact with before, and it happens to be the most virulent of many species of Yersinia pestis. As a result, the germs spread along this trade route to the east and west. The virus carried by these humble rats became a potion of poison that God put into the glass of mankind, and the civilizations of the East and the West were deeply affected.
Death has brought great changes to the European
plague virus to Western influence, that is, after the Black Death ravaged the terrible state of society.
At that time, the cause of the Black Death was still being explored, but the impact of the disease on Europe was real. This disease spread by rats almost wiped out European civilization.
The Black Death has been rampant on the European continent for three years and has continued to exist for hundreds of years. During this time, the total population of Europe has been reduced by more than half, and a large number of strong young people have died from the disease. European society suddenly became an elderly society, depressed, dilapidated, roads in disrepair, cities withered, and the entire European continent was full of fear of death. However, just at this time, the opportunity for rebirth came.
Because of the death of a large number of young and middle-aged workers, the shortage of labor, the number of people who can work has become very small, human lives have become valuable, and the price of labor has soared. In continental Europe in the 14th century, it was very difficult to hire labor. Moreover, if the price was not high enough and the salary was not good enough, the labor would leave at any time. Anyway, there are many opportunities for work. In order to retain people, employers must continue to raise wages. As a result, the cost of production is raised and the prices of various goods on the market have risen. However, because the land is sparsely populated, the food is relatively abundant, and the food produced is eaten by everyone. Endlessly, as long as the people who survived this disaster, the quality of life has improved to varying degrees.
Because the cost of labor is too high, many big landowners have changed their production models, turning labor-intensive crop farming into a relatively low labor-intensive grazing operation. A large amount of land has been turned into pasture and a large number of cattle and sheep have been raised. Because of the large stock of sheep, the processing of wool prompted the emergence of the textile industry, and we know that the industrial revolution in Europe began with the textile industry.
It is also because of the sharp decline in the labor force that women have to participate more in daily work, and they have become an indispensable source of labor, and the status of women has also been improved and social status has been improved.
Before the outbreak of the Black Death, the medical level in Europe developed slowly and human anatomy was not allowed. Because a large number of patients died of illness, the whole society wanted to understand and solve this problem as soon as possible. Human anatomy was allowed, and medicine developed rapidly at this stage. Since medicine has been paid more attention, universities in Europe have established medical schools, and the embryonic form of modern medicine has begun to take shape.
The greater impact comes from the change in people’s spirit. The middle school “Modern and Contemporary History of the World” textbook talked about the Renaissance. It was said at the beginning that the Renaissance was due to the revival of humanistic thinking. Europeans broke free from the bondage of God in their hearts, but did not clearly explain what helped Europeans get rid of This restraint.
In the Middle Ages, Europeans who gave their body and soul to God unconditionally, how could they suddenly abandon this deep-rooted belief after waking up overnight. In fact, the answer is this terrible black death. When the Black Death raged, the church was helpless and could not bring any help to people. Believers who believed in God throughout their lives, no matter how devout they prayed, could not save themselves and their loved ones from withering in the craze of the Black Death. The survivors, sitting in the rubble and next to the remains of their loved ones, have completely ignored the questioning of God’s more serious condemnation and punishment. The church’s control over people’s hearts is weakening.
The weakness of the church in the plague has greatly reduced its status in people’s hearts, and the shackles of the Almighty God in people’s hearts have been loosened. Those who have survived are aware of the preciousness of life. Since the Black Death cannot be cured, they have never been able to figure out the cause of the disease. Since they do not know when the next disaster will come, the living people begin to slowly think about life. Significance, should we make limited life better? The paradise of diligence, asceticism and inspiration for a lifetime is far from people, and everyone is more willing to enjoy the current life. The earth became a paradise, people began to pursue pleasure, and began to look back on the lives of their ancestors. In the splendid civilization of ancient Rome, the atmosphere of focusing on human nature and encouraging pleasure revived. When people begin to pay attention to their bodies and feelings, human creativity has been unprecedentedly liberated, and a new era has arrived.
After the dust of history has settled, when we look back and think about why industrial civilization did not appear in other parts of the world, and why other long-lasting and great civilizations did not eventually become civilizations that affect the entire world, we must not forget that the ship is like a ghost ship. The Genoese merchant ship anchored in the port of Kaffa, quietly sailing through history, ready to destroy the traditional society of Europe and start a great civilization.
Death ride merchant