Mausoleum of Genghis Khan: the great emperor cache of
Genghis Khan died and was buried where it remains a mystery. This great emperor who conquered the Eurasian world did not build a mausoleum for himself in a high-profile manner like the emperor before him and put in countless rare treasures. Since then, the emperors of the Mongol Empire have followed the secret burial system, and no one has ever known where their souls will go.
People tried their best to find the Mausoleum of Genghis Khan, just to know what was buried inside. According to historical records, the saddles, gold wine utensils and beauties that he used for battle were buried in the Mausoleum of Genghis Khan, but the number is unknown. Most importantly, if the Mausoleum of Genghis Khan can be discovered, it will be the most magnificent treasure even if it is empty.
According to historical records, the Mongols hollowed out the middle of a section of ancient wood, put the emperor’s body in it, and fastened it with iron bars, and covered it with bluestone. They will not build tombs, but let the cavalry ride their horses to flatten the cemetery, and then stay until the next year, and then leave after the cemetery is full of vegetation. In order to facilitate the sacrifice in the future, the Mongols will kill a small camel on the cemetery. In the future, they will find the tomb of Da Khan under the leadership of the old camel.
At present, the location of the Mausoleum of Genghis Khan is delineated in four places, one of which is near Sandaohai in Altay Mountain, Xinjiang. According to Marco Polo’s record: After Genghis Khan’s death, his coffin was sent to the Altay Mountain for burial, and he killed all the animals he encountered during the escort. The other is near Qianli Mountain on the Ordos Plateau in Inner Mongolia, because many historical sites here are where Genghis Khan was active in his later years.
Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum: Another living in the world
has a majestic battle, make people proud of the terracotta warriors and horses, Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum is just tip of the iceberg Bale. According to historical records, the mausoleum of Qin Shihuang’s mausoleum is huge, with rare treasures, mountains and rivers, pavilions and buildings, and golden birds flying, giving it a feeling of a fairyland on earth.
We cannot single out a specific treasure as the representative of Qin Shihuang’s Mausoleum, because the underground palace of Qin Shihuang’s tomb is by far the largest, most treasured, and the most watched royal tomb, and to some extent, it simulates the natural world’s Qin Shihuang’s underground palace. It is a most magnificent treasure in itself. The underground palace of Qin Shihuang’s Mausoleum is divided into heaven, underground, and earth. The top of the underground palace is painted with 28 stars symbolizing celestial bodies, with jewels embedded on it; the buildings on the ground include palaces and pavilions, which are higher than Tiananmen Square, and are filled with rare treasures. ; And the underground is the world of mercury that symbolizes rivers, lakes, and seas. The mercury is more than 100 tons and flows slowly under the action of machinery. Maybe Qin Shihuang was also full of fear for the darkness. After his death, he lit countless lamps in the underground palace. The lamp oil was made of fish oil and could burn for a long, long time…
The legend about Qin Shihuang’s Mausoleum was quite rich. The story of the golden goose recorded in ancient books tells that when Xiang Yu robbed and excavated the tomb of the first emperor of Qin, he saw a golden goose flying out of the underground palace. A few hundred years later, the prefect of Yunnan Province Zhang Shan got a golden goose with many words on it. , Zhang Shan concluded from the text that this was the golden goose that flew out of the Qinling Underground Palace hundreds of years ago.
The terracotta warriors and horses of Qin Shihuang’s Mausoleum brought huge economic and cultural influence to Xi’an and even Shaanxi, and it is known as the “eighth wonder of the world”. The famous economist Zhang Wuchang once calculated an account for the Mausoleum of Qin Shihuang: If the Mausoleum of Qin Shihuang is opened, the annual ticket revenue can reach 2.5 billion yuan. But how to calculate the treasure inside? Does the miracle contained in it far exceed the “eighth wonder of the world”?
Western Xia Imperial Tombs: Oriental Pyramid
west of the vast desert, sleeping a thousand years of royal cemetery in a casual construction, was opened a mysterious veil, it is known as the “Oriental Pyramid” Western Xia Imperial Tombs. The once powerful Xixia Kingdom was wiped out under the devastation of Mongolian iron cavalry, and the detailed records about them disappeared without a trace. To understand the civilization of Xixia, the tomb of Xixia King became the only key.
The Mausoleum of the Xixia Kings buried nine Xixia emperors. So far, only Tomb 8 and Tomb 3 have been excavated. Tomb No. 3 is generally recognized as Yuanhao’s tomb, and many precious cultural relics have been unearthed from the tomb, among which the “Miaoyin Bird” is undoubtedly one of the symbols of the cultural relics of the Xixia King’s Tomb. This kind of pottery with a human upper body, a bird on the lower body, hands folded, and wings extended is based on a Buddhist divine bird. This kind of divine bird, which does not exist in real life, was transformed to spread the Dharma. The “Miaoyin Bird” appeared in the tomb, adding to the mystery of the Xixia King’s Tomb.
At present, the cultural relics unearthed from the tombs and cemeteries of the Xixia Kings are quite rich, including jewelry, coins, weapons, Buddhist scriptures, stone tablets, stone carvings, etc. In addition, there are many unknown precious cultural relics buried in the ground, waiting for the day to see the sun again.
According to legend, in order to prevent future generations from digging his own tomb, Wang Yuanhao of Xixia built 360 tombs within one year, and then killed all the craftsmen. Sure enough, after his death, the tomb was constantly stolen and dug, but people have never found where his tomb is. The excavation of Mausoleum No. 3 seems to make people believe that this is Yuanhao’s tomb. Has the peekaboo game of a generation of emperors ended?
Qianling: Tang Treasures gathered
it is unique in the world towards a two emperors, the couple buried emperor’s tomb, it is also the only imperial tombs of the Tang Dynasty in a well-preserved, not Daowa tomb. How many treasures are buried in the underground palace of Qianling, and why the stele describing Wu Zetian’s achievements is a stele without words is a mystery of the ages.
Like the Mausoleum of the First Emperor of Qin, we cannot use a treasure as a symbol of Qianling, but there is a data please remember-Wu Zetian was the heyday of the Tang Dynasty. When Tang Gaozong Li Zhi died, Wu Zetian took the equivalent of national fiscal revenue. One-third of the treasures were sent to Qianling as a reward for Tang Gaozong’s kindness. After Wu Zetian’s death, her son Li Xian gave her a funeral equivalent to one third of the national revenue. Calculated in this way, the value of the treasure in the Qianling Underground Palace is equivalent to 2/3 of the national fiscal revenue during the heyday of the Tang Dynasty. This wealth has been coveted by future generations for thousands of years.
In history, Qianling had encountered three large-scale robberies, but they were all miraculously eliminated. It happened in the last years of the Tang Dynasty, when the Huang Chao army occupied Chang’an. They not only ransacked the palace in Chang’an, but also prepared to dig out the treasures in the Qianling Mausoleum. Huang Chao sent more than 10,000 people to look for the entrance of Qianling Underground Palace on Liangshan Mountain. Almost half of Liangshan Mountain was dug out. The result was nothing but a ditch up to 40 meters deep, which later generations called the “Huangchao ditch.” The second time occurred in the Five Dynasties period. Wen Tao, a master tomb robber, dug 17 of the 18 Tang Dynasty mausoleums in Guanzhong, but did not dig the Qianling Mausoleum: Don’t think it was his conscience discovery, but was digging Qianling Mausoleum. There was a strange phenomenon at the time, as soon as the Qianling Mausoleum was digged, thunder and lightning would occur. Wen Tao was worried that he might offend the gods, and finally gave up. The third time occurred during the Republic of China. The Kuomintang general Sun Lianzhong brought a regiment to Liangshan and used explosives to explode the stone strip at the entrance of the underground palace. However, at this time, a thick smoke suddenly appeared from the underground palace, and it was poisonous. The soldier in front died on the spot, and the others fled in fright.
Nowadays, above the Qianling Mausoleum, there is basically no other scenery except for the monument without words and some large stone carvings. The once breathtaking murals have been transferred to the museum. But even so, the annual tourism income of Qianling Museum can reach tens of millions.
Zhaoling: The Mystery of the
Ages “Lanting Preface” The Tang Dynasty, as synonymous with China’s strongest period, has a huge influence in the world. As Emperor Taizong of Tang Dynasty, his mausoleum Zhaoling naturally attracted people’s attention. Zhaoling Mausoleum is the only natural tomb in the world. It set the precedent for the emperor of Tang Dynasty Yishan tomb. There are as many as 167 burial tombs in Zhaoling, where princes and ministers such as Wei Zheng, Fang Xuanling, and Qin Qiong are buried, while the tombs of Tang Taizong’s descendants can only be lonely and lonely.
Although there are countless treasures, those that have been presented to the world are undoubtedly famous at home and abroad for the Zhaoling Six Horses Stone Screen with extremely high artistic value. Ming Dynasty Wang Yunfeng’s “Title Six Horses” Zeng Yun: “Qin King iron riding to take the world, six horses are also excellent in painting.” These six stone-carved horses are drawn on a plane, and the half-face and details of the horse-shaped figure are carved with high flesh. Protrusions, called reliefs, are also called “high meat carvings”. The six horses are named “Telehua”, “Qingqi”, “Shifachi”, “Saluzi”, “Fisting Horses” and “White-footed Wu”. Among them, “Saluzi” and “Fisting Horses” were smuggled and smuggled abroad in 1914. They are currently in the Museum of the University of Pennsylvania, and the rest are in the Xi’an Stele Forest Museum.
The most striking legend of Zhaoling is undoubtedly the mystery of the whereabouts of “Lanting Preface”.
In his later years, Tang Taizong saw that he was short in time and decided to let the “Lanting Preface” be buried with himself in the underground palace. Therefore, the world’s first line of “Lanting Preface” was buried in Zhaoling along with the coffin of Tang Taizong. . But the story did not end there, on the contrary, the whereabouts of “Lanting Preface” became more confusing. The Tang Dynasty was destroyed, and the Five Dynasties lords fought, and the Tang Dynasty’s royal tombs were destroyed. Except for the Qianling Mausoleum, almost all the tombs were stolen and dug, and the Zhaoling Mausoleum of Emperor Taizong of Tang was not spared. At that time, Hou Liang Jiedu made Wen Tao instruct the soldiers to steal Zhaoling tomb, and the treasures obtained were countless, but the “Lanting Preface” was not found. In this way, there are three kinds of speculations about the whereabouts of the “Lanting Preface”: one is that it has been lost to the people by Wen Tao’s hand, and his whereabouts are still unknown; the second is that Tang Gaozong did not obey the orders, and the real “Lanting Preface” is likely to be accompanied by Tang Gaozong and Wu Zetian They were buried in the tomb together; the last statement undoubtedly makes people look forward to Zhaoling. Many scholars believe that Wen Tao pirates did not carefully dig Zhaoling, and the original may still be hidden in the tomb. Where…
Mausoleum of Genghis Khan: the great emperor cache of