Some people say it is an area on the southern coast of Spain; some people say it is an island in the Broto Strait; others say it is Ireland; if you believe that a Russian expedition announced in early 2010, then it is Located 150 kilometers away from the southwest end of England.
What is it? It is the legendary Atlantis. In fact, every year someone stands up and points out that Atlantis is somewhere. Among all the “lost civilizations”, the one that can capture the public imagination most is Atshutis. Plato, an ancient Greek analyst, first described Atlantis 2500 years ago. Since then, scholars and the media have been fighting over the possible location of Atlantis.
Plato described a large island in his works, saying that there was a civilization on the island that originated from Poseidon, the god of the sea and earthquakes. As the nobles on the island increasingly mingled with ordinary people, the Atkintis gradually fell. Atlantis was finally destroyed in the battle with Athens. “At that time there was a series of extremely violent earthquake and floods,” Plato wrote, “In the terrible day of the Curtis Island …… well …… Stuart engulfed the sea, disappear without a trace.”
Although Stuart total Tes fans insist that the Atlantis described by Plato in the story is a real civilization, but philosophers are far from so sure. They point out that Plato’s original intention of telling the story of Atlantis is a metaphor for government and power. If we ignore this essence and go to the bottom of the sea to find the relics of the so-called Atshutis civilization, it would be wrong and doomed to be futile.
However, even if the Atkintis civilization was indeed fabricated by Plato, was there any real event that inspired him to conceive this story? In other words, is there some factual basis behind the fable of Atlantis? Some scientists pointed out that if there are some real events as the basis, then these events should have occurred in Plato’s hometown-today’s Greece.
Some scientists believe that the story of Atlantis is most likely based on a volcanic eruption that occurred on the Greek island of Santorini in 1628 BC. According to historical records, this eruption caused the island’s volcano to almost completely collapse into the sea. The volcanic eruption caused an earthquake and triggered a tsunami. In the epicenter area, waves with a height of more than 100 meters spread in all directions, as if a stone was dropped into a pond. The huge waves swept across the eastern Mediterranean, causing great damage. In fact, the Minoan civilization, one of the greatest civilizations of the Bronze Age, was ended by this explosion.
Other scientists believe that the best match for Atlantis is Herrick. Herrick is located about 150 kilometers west of Athens. It was once a prosperous city-state and the site of the highly respected Poseidon’s Holy Garden, which has repeatedly contributed to the relationship between Herrick and its neighboring city-states. Peaceful coexistence. However, one night in 373 BC (when Plato was about 35 years old), a terrifying earthquake completely destroyed Herrick.
In short, more and more scientists are now inclined to believe that the story of Atlantis is not pure fantasy. In fact, there are often real elements behind myths and legends.
Amazonian prehistoric civilization
At the end of the rainy season in 1999, geologist Arzo Ranchi took a plane to Rio Branco, the capital of the Brazilian state of Acre, located in the western Amazon region. Ranchi said with Yi afterwards: “When I was approaching Rio Branco, I observed the scenery below and found a perfect circle on the ground. This is really surprising. I’m a geologist, and I know the big round shape. Circles are not a work of nature.”
At the time, Ranchi, who worked at the Federal University of Acre (in Rio Branco), did not know that he had made a major discovery. In fact, he found evidence of a great lost civilization in the depths of the rainforest, and his discovery will help transform archaeologists’ views of the prehistoric Amazonian civilization.
In the past 10 years, Ranchi has collaborated with archaeologists from Brazil and Spain to investigate the Amazon region. In 2009, they published a paper stating that they found more than 200 earthwork relics with obvious geometric features in an area with a diameter of more than 250 meters. The construction date of one site was determined to be around 1283 AD, while the other sites It was built as far back as 200 or 300 AD. Lanqi and others believe that these architectural remains belong to fortresses, residences, roads, bridges, squares, and ceremonial sites.
According to the Spanish colonists, in the depths of the Amazon rainforest, there is a mysterious and wealthy “Eldorado”, where gold is everywhere. Lanci insisted that he did not discover the legendary “Eldorado”, at least not gold, but the architectural structures they discovered clearly pointed to a complex civilized society that was able to build immortal monuments before the Columbus era.
Columbus arrived in the Amazon in 1492. It is now certain that a complex civilized society did exist in the Amazon region before his arrival. In addition to Ranchi and others, American anthropologist Heikenberg has also discovered dozens of closely connected prehistoric villages and towns in the southeastern Amazon. As early as 1993, Heikenberg was eating and living with a local indigenous tribe of Amazonas called Quekulo. He heard that there were ancient settlements nearby, so he began to investigate these sites in detail. In 2008, he published his findings in the American “Science” magazine.
In addition to roads and home remains, Heikenberg also found traces of defensive walls, farmland, dams and ponds surrounding the town. The ancient people’s construction skills in the tropical rain forest left a deep impression on Heikenberg. He believed that these ancient Amazon buildings were as rationally laid out and orderly as any medieval European town.
All the above findings suggest that before the extinction caused by Europeans, dozens of complex and relatively developed societies existed in the Amazon Basin. A few days ago, archaeologists are still conducting further excavations in the Amazon region. They hope to learn from the ancients the techniques for developing sustainable agriculture in the region.
Archaeologists generally believe that around 800 AD, immigrants from Polynesia arrived on a remote island. The closest inhabited places to the island are Chile and the Pitcairn Islands, of which Chile is located 3700 kilometers east of the island. The Pitcairn Islands are located 2,000 dry meters west of the island. About 400 years later, these people started logging heavily on the island, and the forest on the island soon disappeared. The trees on the island once provided fruit for humans and birds (birds are another source of food for humans), but now they have become canoes, barks and ropes for fishing. Deforestation has increased soil erosion and sharply reduced food production.
When the forest has been cut down, the islanders can no longer erect more giant stone statues, because there are no longer large circle art and thick ropes to transport the stone statues. According to oral history, there was a widespread famine on the island at that time, leading to fights among tribes for food, and even cannibalism occurred. When the Dutch explorer Jakob Roguwen arrived on the island on Easter day in 1722, the scene before his eyes was sparsely populated, dilapidated, old and poor.