The world-renowned travel magazine “Tourism and Leisure” will select the “Best in the World” every year, which is equivalent to the “Nobel Prize” in the tourism industry. Among the 25 “World’s Best Tourist Cities” in 2020, Florence is fifth, Kyoto is sixth, and Rome is 13th. The number one city of Oaxaca in Mexico is not well known. In fact, it is a business card handed to the world by Mexico.
Compared with Mexico City, which has the Pyramid of the Sun, and Cancun, which has one of the top ten beaches in the world, the Chinese people may not be familiar with Oaxaca, but if you have the opportunity, don’t miss this one that integrates art, architecture, history, food, and locality. The “super king” of culture, Oaxaca is like a top student without water in the queue of tourist destinations. The small red flower of the “five good models” can be condensed into five words: good-looking, delicious, delicious, Good style and passion.
“Good-looking” comes from its two world cultural heritages. One is the historic old town of Oaxaca, which combines colonial branding and local civilization, the exquisite Santo Domingo Church, and 172 colonial-era streets that have been well-preserved. Another World Heritage Site is the Alban Mountain site outside the city. This Zapotec capital was singing ancient songs thousands of years ago.
Oaxaca’s “delicious and delicious” is more famous than “good-looking”. The reputation is as big as 4000 kilometers away from the food stalls on the U.S.-Mexico border. The loudspeakers say “rich and delicious Oaxaca rice dumplings!” The devilish shout of this middle-aged man can be heard in almost any city in Mexico.
When you stand in front of the World Cultural Heritage Cathedral and City Hall, next to it is a snack market full of tables, with tamales, hot chocolate, tortillas, and pork tacos shouting endlessly. In 2012, the daughter of then-U.S. President Obama ordered cheese rolls and vanilla milkshakes here. She and her classmates spent the spring vacation under the protection of 25 agents.
Following the flow of people, you will find the famous “November 20th Market”-the food hall of Oaxaca. Many internationally renowned chefs come here to find inspiration. And there is one thing that appears in almost all the videos of food bloggers who visit Oaxaca, it is magic sauce. This world-renowned Mexican sauce originated in Oaxaca. More than ten kinds of raw materials such as chili, cinnamon, peanuts, almonds, and sesame, together with the local chocolate, constitute the complex aroma of the magic sauce.
In the market, you can also see a group of people, led by local chefs, buying ingredients in front of the stalls. They are tourists who have participated in local cooking courses. During the day of teaching, they buy ingredients, make magic sauce dishes by themselves, and eat them together. This is also one of the most famous tourist projects in Oaxaca.
It has the double blessing of world cultural heritage and food, but the most ace of Oaxaca is the world-famous Galaqa Festival, where “good style” and “good enthusiasm” come from. “Gailagacha” is the local indigenous language Zapotek, which means “to give each other a gift.” The origin of this festival also comes from the Zapotec tradition: offering sacrifices to the corn god during the corn harvest and sharing the fruits of their work. Mexico is the birthplace of corn, and the Zapotec civilization has a history of at least 2500 years. However, after the Spanish colonization, Mexico’s indigenous civilization suffered devastating destruction, and the traditions that survived have also incorporated a lot of European cultures, which created the unique mixed-race culture in Mexico today-Gelragai Check section.
Every holiday week in late July, the whole city boils up. From day to night, locals wear colorful costumes and beat various musical instruments to tour around the city (pictured); on the Zocalo Square in the city center , A large-scale dance drama showing the history of Oaxaca is being staged, and just across from the dance drama, another group of singers performing traditional Mexican music-Mariachi is also chanting. Aboriginal dance dramas, traditional songs, together with the cheers of the audience and the cries of vendors, the “Great Temple Fair” in Oaxaca will make everyone here feel sincerely happy.
We once watched the grand festival. First, the “corn goddess” selected by the tribe appeared. She was dressed in traditional Oaxaca clothes, wearing flowers made of corn leaves, holding corn ears, and using the local aboriginal language. Greetings from the audience. After that, the performance officially began. The various tribes wore different characteristics of the costumes, and the content of the dance was varied: some showed the labor process, some showed the sacrificial rituals, clay pots, corn, and live chickens became performance props, and even a tribe held wine Drink directly on the stage.
The climax is at the end of each dance. After the last move, the actors will come to the edge of the stage and take out various souvenirs to the audience. Tortillas, breads, fruits, chocolates, and even handmade clay pots, bamboo baskets, fans, fly continuously to the audience-this is the original intention of the Gala Gaizha Festival: to give each other gifts. After receiving the gifts, the audience began to share the cakes and eat them on the spot, thanking nature for gifts.
The dancers participating in the performance are not professional actors, but ordinary aborigines. On weekdays, they may work in the fields or set up stalls on the street, but in late July, they become a business card of Oaxaca, which is also the core concept of the Oaxaca government to protect and spread the indigenous culture. : The original flavor from real life.