China has a very ancient script, together with West Asian cuneiform and Phoenician letters. It is also called “the world’s three major ancient scripts.” This kind of writing is “Oracle”.
The oracle bone inscriptions were written on the oracle bones in the Yin Ruins, also called “qiwen”; it was the oracle inscriptions carved on tortoise shells and beast bones by wizards when the king of Shang fortunes fortune and bad luck. The oracle bone inscriptions are directly referred to by the master of Guoxue Wang Guowei as “the greatest discovery in Chinese learning”. But this “biggest discovery” brought a series of disasters.
The wizard’s curse is one of the most weird curses circulating among the people. It means that if you get it improperly or you shouldn’t get it, you will encounter accidents. The oracle bone inscriptions were carved by the Shang dynasty wizards. I don’t know whether this oracle really has curse spirituality or is it a coincidence. The “three great masters” who came into contact with and collected the oracle in the early days-Wang Yirong, Liu E, and Duan Fang all suffered misfortune.
The first person to recognize oracle bone inscriptions fell to the well and died
The oracle bone inscriptions, like the stepmother Wufang Ding, the largest bronze ware ever discovered in China, were found in Anyang, Henan Province, specifically in Xiaotun Village, a few miles northwest of the suburbs, just over a century ago. This area is defined as the “Yin Ruins” by the archaeological circle, which is the capital and tomb burial area of the late Shang Dynasty.
From the time Pan Geng moved to the capital, to the death of King Zhou (Di Xin), a total of eight generations and twelve kings took 273 years. Oracle bone inscriptions are the original records of “state affairs” activities in the Shang Dynasty for nearly 300 years.
The time when Oracle was first recognized, the mainstream view is that it was in the 25th year of Guangxu in the Qing Dynasty (1899). It is widely circulated that Guozijian Jijiu and engraver Wang Yirong took traditional Chinese medicine because of malaria. The medicine had a “dragon bone”. The family bought keel bones from Darentang, a traditional Chinese medicine shop at Caishikou, outside Xuanwumen, Beijing, and found that the keel was carved with extremely fine seal-like characters. As a well-known epigrapher, Wang Yirong has an archaeological hobby and is good at recognizing Zhongding inscriptions, so he vaguely feels that these may be ancient characters. Wang Yirong immediately sent someone to the drugstore to ask about the origins, and selected some keels with clearer text and bought them all.
After Wang Yirong’s textual research, it was confirmed that the keel was written in Shang Dynasty, so he became the “first person” to learn oracle oracle bones. After that, Wang Yirong began to vigorously purchase the worded oracle bones, and took all his own money and silver, and even women’s jewelry gold goods went to the pawnshop and replaced them with silver for the oracle bones. The value of oracle bones immediately increased, and they turned from ordinary medicinal materials into precious cultural relics. For a time, antique dealers flocked to them.
Wang Yirong, whose name is Liansheng, was born in Fushan, Shandong. Jinshi in the Guangxu dynasty, in the late Qing Dynasty, he served as editor and editor of Hanlin Academy, Nanshufang Walking, Guozijian Jijiu, etc. Wang’s life is a habit of ancient times, and all ancient books, calligraphy and paintings, and bronzes from the three generations have been carefully collected.
However, only the following year, this “first person” became a deceased. In 1900, just as Wang Yirong paid a heavy price to purchase the word oracle bones and was about to start in-depth research, the “Gengzi Rebellion” occurred and the “Eight-Power Allied Forces” invaded Beijing. Wang Yirong, the minister of training of the Beijing Division, stood in battle to resist the enemy, but was ultimately defeated due to outnumbered. In the end, Wang wrote a fatal letter and committed suicide by throwing himself into a well in his garden, dying his country.
After Wang Yirong’s death, the Qing court awarded him the title of minister, and gave him the posthumous title “Wen Min” to show his behavior. If Wang does not die, the research and further discovery of Oracle bone inscriptions may be another situation.
After Wang Yirong’s death, around the beginning of the twenty-eighth year of Guangxu (AD 1902), when his son Wang Hanfu sold his family’s antiquities, these oracle bones were sold to Liu E.
“The work of the mountain” was exiled as a test
Wang Yirong is dead, who will be the next person with the curse of death? Liu E.
Liu E, with the word Tieyun, and the name Lao Can, a native of Dantu, Jiangsu. He is a well-known Jinshi family in modern China, and Liu E is well-known for studying Jinshishi. He once worked under Wu Dalian, a master of Jinshi and a native of Suzhou.
After acquiring Wang Yirong’s old collection of oracle bones, Liu E’s interest in collecting greatly increased. In order to receive the oracle bones, he had contacts with antique dealers in Beijing Liulichang. The antique dealer Zhao Zhizhai was commissioned by the Liu family to “run the land of Qilu, Zhao and Wei, and collected more than 3,000 pieces in one year.” If Fang, a friend and connoisseur, sees Liu E eagerly seeking oracle bones, he will transfer more than 300 pieces of oracle bones he bought from Fan Weiqing to him.
Liu E sent his fourth son, Dashen Liu, to Henan to search for them. He found more than pieces of the oracle backbone. In just over a year, the total number has exceeded 5,000.
In the 29th year of Guangxu (AD 1903), under the agitation of Luo Zhenyu, the famous Jinshi family and his son and daughter’s relatives, in the late Qing Dynasty, Liu E collected 1058 pieces of oracle bones and compiled the first work of oracle bones-“Tie Yun Zang” turtle”. Both Luo Zhenyu and the famous scholar Wu Changshou wrote the preface to this book, which was praised.
Wang Yirong died of the “Gengzi Rebellion”, and Liu E was also in trouble. During the turmoil at that time, Liu E sold the grains and distributed them to Beijing residents at low prices. This was a good act, but was “accounted” afterwards and was exiled by the Qing government to Xinjiang. When Liu E died in Urumqi in 1909, the oracle bones in his collection also dispersed. Among them, in addition to the 277 pieces collected by the Central University and the 509 pieces collected by the Institute of History and Language of the Academia Sinica, another 741 pieces were sold to the wife of the British Jewish rich man in Shanghai, Roche, and some were transferred to Tokyo and returned to Japan. People owned.
“The first person to collect oracle bones” was beheaded
After Wang Yirong and Liu E died, the “Zhongshu” Tibetan Armour was Duanfang, and he died worse than the first two.
Duan Fang was a well-known collector in the late Qing Dynasty. He was a minister in the late Qing Dynasty and used to be an envoy of Shaanxi Province. Duanfang’s collection and communication are quite extensive, and they have contacts with Bosshe and others who robbed the cultural relics of the Western Regions in China. Duan Fang has money and rights. What he collects is treasures from the national treasures. The Mao Gong Ding now in the National Palace Museum in Taiwan is the collection of Duan Fang. This tripod is from the hands of the great collector Chen Jieqi. It was bought by 20,000 Dayang.
Duanfang had many firsts in the collection industry at that time. For example, “the first person to collect foreign cultural relics” borrowed foreign research and collected many ancient Egyptian artifacts; there is also the “first person to collect oracle bones”, who bought oracle bones from antique dealers in 1904 alone. About 1,000 pieces.
”The first person to collect oracle bones” was first called out by Dong Zuobin, an authority on oracle bone studies in the Republic of China. In fact, this hat should be Wang Yirong. No matter who is the real “first person”, their life endings are surprisingly similar-abnormal deaths, and deaths are very oozing.
In the first year of Xuantong (1909), a vigorous “Road Protection Movement” broke out in Sichuan. Duan Fang served as the superintendent of the Sichuan-Han and Yuehan Railways. Renchuan suppressed the road protection movement. As a result, he was led by his own troops and the uprising troops in Zizhou. Cut his head. After his head was cut off, he was put in a box filled with kerosene and sent to Li Yuanhong’s new government to prevent it from decay. This happened on November 27, 1911, less than two months after the Xinhai Revolution. The following year, Yuan Shikai became the President, and was able to send someone to retrieve the head of his in-laws who had been offered to Hongshan Temple, and connect it with the body for a thick burial.