The incidence of spontaneous abortion in women can reach 15%, usually according to the pregnancy cycle can be divided into early and late abortion. The main causes of spontaneous abortion are chromosomal abnormalities, maternal endocrine disorders, maternal reproductive tract abnormalities and reproductive tract infections. This article mainly talks about the daily nursing knowledge of pregnant women with spontaneous abortion.
After a spontaneous abortion, women’s body is extremely weak, and the patient may have negative emotions due to the loss of the baby. The physical and psychological double blows will have a greater impact on the patient. Many women will refuse to eat, anorexia and other behaviors after miscarriage. During this period, family members should take care of the patient’s diet. In terms of diet, family members should allow patients to add enough protein, vitamins, and inorganic salts. Miscarriage and blood loss may cause anemia in patients, so additional iron should be added. Family members try to choose foods that are easily digestible and nutritious, such as fresh fish, chicken, eggs, animal liver, animal blood, lean meat, soy products, milk, dates, and lotus seeds. Fresh vegetables and fruits are rich in vitamins, which can help women strengthen their immunity. It should be noted that the speed of dietary conditioning needs to be slowed down, not too much tonic at once. Women who have a miscarriage can eat some red dates, peanuts, bananas, etc., to nourish the body while also regulating appetite. Women with abortion should not eat raw and cold food to avoid adverse gastrointestinal irritation.
Because the body’s immunity is not fully restored, women are prone to bacterial infections and vaginitis and other diseases after abortion. After abortion, women should pay attention to personal hygiene, pay special attention to the hygienic care of the perineum, and keep the perineum clean and dry. After a miscarriage, women’s vaginal secretions increase, which is easy to breed bacteria, and need to wash the vulva with hot water in time to avoid infection. In addition, women should change their underwear regularly after a miscarriage. The underwear should be made of pure cotton as much as possible. The washed underwear is best to be worn in the sun.
Women after miscarriage should pay attention to detailed care. Before the secretions and bleeding are completely clean, they should not take a bath to avoid bacterial infection or increase the risk of secondary infection. In addition, women’s body, especially the reproductive organs, have not fully recovered after abortion, so they cannot engage in intercourse to avoid infection of the reproductive organs.
After spontaneous abortion, most family members and patients are worried that bathing will affect the patient’s body. In fact, patients after spontaneous abortion can take a bath about seven days after the abortion. Because the patient’s body is relatively weak, pay attention to the temperature of the water and the way of washing when bathing. Cold water should not be used for bathing, and it is best to choose a shower to avoid infection. After the patient has washed the hair, it should be wiped clean in time to prevent moisture from entering the body and cold air invading, making the patient catch a cold.
After a miscarriage, women need to stay in bed for 2 to 7 days. Due to their weakness, premature getting out of bed may cause uterine prolapse, which will have adverse effects on women’s bodies. Losing a child will make women who have aborted suffer a big blow, and they are prone to depression and irritability. At this time, family members should pay attention to the psychological care of the aborted woman, take her out of the haze, and recover as soon as possible. Family members can help women find a way to release their emotions and relieve inner depression according to their usual preferences, such as music, aromatherapy, reading, cooking or painting. After the woman can get out of bed, family members can accompany her to participate in some social activities, go out to see the scenery, etc., to distract the aborted woman.
To sum up, for the nursing work of women after abortion, family members need to pay attention to details, starting with diet care, personal hygiene and psychological care, to help aborted women get out of the shadows and restore their health.