During a trip in northern Germany, the author unexpectedly encountered an interesting town of Molln. During the stroll, there was an image of a clown wearing a hat with donkey ears and bells everywhere. This is the legendary character “Tir” in the 14th century in Germany, and his story is well known in Germany. In the common folklore satire literature in the Middle Ages, various pranks by the role of the “trickster Tyre” were used to satirize authority and social reality. The full name of “Till the Trickster” is Tyre Oylenspiegel, and it is said that he spent his last time in the small city of Molln, who traveled throughout Europe throughout his life. The small city of Molln is therefore also known as the “city of Aurenspiegel”. Although it is still uncertain whether “Till the Trickster” is a real person in history, this does not prevent him from becoming a cultural and spiritual symbol of Molln.
“Trick or treat” brings good luck
When you come to Molln, you must follow the footsteps of the “trickster Tyre” to visit the old city. The starting point of the walking tour is the market square built in 1373. The most eye-catching sight on the square is the “Oylenspiegel Spring”. The bronze statue of Tyre sits diagonally, with his right foot raised on his left leg, and his right hand with his thumbs up on his right knee, wearing Funny clown hat, tilted his head and smiled at the people looking at him. It is said that touching the upturned right toe and right thumb of the statue at the same time will help people realize their wishes, so these two parts have become shiny after years of caressing.
At the foot of the towering Gothic St. Nicholas Church and the Kirchberg Mountain where the church is located, we found the “Memorial Stele of Eulenspiegel” completed in 1544 in the niche. An image of a figure holding an owl and a mirror is distinguished on the stone of the stone-the surname “Oylenspiegel” is made up of the German words “owl” and “mirror”. “Mirror” is in Medieval German The meaning of “precepts and proverbs”, “owl” is the “bird of wisdom” in ancient Greece, and was regarded as the “bird of the devil” in the Middle Ages. These images reflect the complex and diverse character of the “trickster Tyre”.
According to legend, under a linden tree a few steps away from the church, it is the resting place of Tyre Eulenspiegel. If you hide the coin in the bark and then turn around the trunk three times, Will get a lifetime of prosperity.
“Tricksters” are everywhere
If you want to learn more about this “troublemaker”, you can go to the “Til Eulenspiegel Museum”. This is a small folklore and local collection established in 1996, especially for parent-child activities. Welcome to family tourists. The museum started with the earliest known “Trick or Treat” book published in 1510, showing the development process of tradition, literature, painting, sculpture and other fields related to the “Trick or Treat”. It also updated its permanent exhibition in 2009. When setting up “Tyre TV column”.
Leaving the historical center of the small town, there are many surprises along the way: the city’s bulletin board is shaped like a “troublemaker”, the shop windows are filled with souvenirs with the theme of “troublemaker”, and the gallery displays ” The art work of “Trick or Treat”. Local residents hang the head of the “Trick or Treat” decoration on the outer wall of the house. The ice cream shop uses wrapping paper printed with the pattern of “Trick or Treat”. The graffiti is the image of a “troublemaker”. There is also a “Til Eulenspiegel Elementary School” in Molln. In addition, the city will hold the “Oylenspiegel Art Festival” on the market square in the summer every three years to commemorate this famous “troublemaker” in the form of an open-air theater performance.
“Trickster” influences all over Europe
According to legend, Tyre Eulenspiegel once wandered around, so his image can be seen everywhere in German social life and cultural traditions, and his influence even spreads across European countries. As early as the 16th century, the story of “Till” has been translated into Latin, French, Dutch, English, Polish and other European languages. The plot of the story has been developed and revised for centuries. The image has gradually turned positive from the early vulgarity. Today, his stories have translations in as many as 280 languages. There are many common sayings and proverbs in German that include “Til Eulenspiegel”. There are streets named after him all over Germany. An asteroid discovered in 1991 is also called “Oilenspiegel”. “Piggle”, even the French word “naughty, naughty” evolved from this name.
The clown at the Cologne Carnival dressed like him, and he was also on the sign of the Düsseldorf Carnival Museum. Lower Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Rhineland-Palatinate, Thuringia, His sculptures or memorials can be found in Brandenburg and even Berlin. The funny image of “Till the Trickster” also appeared on the stamps issued by Germany in 1977 and the 10 Euro commemorative coins and 55 Euro cent commemorative stamps issued in 2011. In the field of music and theater, the composer Richard Strauss wrote the symphonic poem “Tir’s Prank”. In the field of literature, many writers, including Germany’s most famous children’s writer Ehrlich Kstner, and former East German well-known novelist Krista Wolf, have used his experience as a blueprint for new ideas. Creation, let this interesting story character be known and loved by generations of children.