Cholecystitis and cholelithiasis are common diseases of the digestive system, and the incidence is high. The affected population is mainly concentrated in the elderly. The patient presented with symptoms such as abdominal pain, dyspepsia, fever, nausea or anorexia at the time of onset, which required medication or surgery. The main causes of cholecystitis and cholelithiasis are closely related to people’s daily eating habits. Many patients have unhealthy personal eating conditions before they become ill. In recent years, people’s dietary structure and dietary habits have gradually changed. Unreasonable diets directly cause the incidence of cholecystitis and cholelithiasis to increase year by year. A reasonable diet can alleviate the adverse reactions caused by the disease, effectively enhance the quality of life, and reduce the distress of the disease. The daily diet of patients with cholecystitis and cholelithiasis should pay attention to the following points.
(1) Regular diet
The pace of life in modern society has accelerated, and some people have gradually given up breakfast and changed three meals a day to two meals a day. Breakfast is an important guarantee for people to work and study for one day. If you don’t eat breakfast, it will affect the secretion of bile. Especially for patients with cholecystitis and gallstones, you should eat high-quality breakfast and pay attention to nutrition. In order to effectively promote the discharge of bile, reduce the risk of gallstones, prevent and control the disease.
(2) Eat less and eat more
The main populations of cholecystitis and cholelithiasis are middle-aged and elderly. It is not advisable to eat too much at every meal, otherwise it will lead to faster bile secretion, and the gallbladder will induce inflammation and colic under strong contraction. Therefore, the best way for patients with cholecystitis and cholelithiasis is to eat a full meal. If conditions permit, eat less and eat more. It is best to eat once every 2 to 3 hours, and it is forbidden to overeating.
(3) Light diet
With the improvement of people’s living standards, big fish and meat have become a common dish on the table. Many people love greasy foods such as barbecues and frying, especially young people and men. Some patients like to eat food such as animal offal, salted duck eggs, pine flowers and other eggs. These high cholesterol and high animal fat foods will cause the gallbladder contraction function to decrease and aggravate the development of the disease. Patients should eat less nut foods, such as peanuts, melon seeds and walnuts. The fat content of these foods is relatively high, and it is critical to control the amount of food consumed. In addition to paying attention to the light daily diet, in daily life, patients also need to pay attention to drinking plenty of water, preferably 1500 ~ 2000 ml of boiled water every day, this can effectively dilute bile. Patients can also eat light foods such as rice soup and soy milk to reduce the intake of irritating drinks such as coffee and tea.
(4) Control sweets
Sweets are loved by many people. Sweets can affect the body’s nerves and endocrine systems. In the process of eating, people will increase the sense of pleasure and enjoy the beautiful moments brought by sweet food. For healthy people, eating sweets properly will not cause any problems, but for patients with cholecystitis and cholelithiasis, sweets will promote the secretion of insulin, leading to the accumulation of cholesterol in the body, causing the appearance of symptoms or aggravating stones symptom. Therefore, patients with cholecystitis and gallstones must strictly control the intake of sweets and protect the gallbladder. Healthy people should also eat sweets in moderation. Once there is too much sugar in the body, they will be converted into fat on their own, leading to obesity.
(5) Protein supplement
Protein has a very important effect on the body. For patients with cholecystitis and cholelithiasis, protein can promote gallbladder contraction and emptying, reducing the residence time of bile in the gallbladder. Patients can develop the habit of drinking milk before going to bed, or they can eat eggs at breakfast every day to effectively control changes in the disease.
(6) Food taboos
In the daily life of patients with cholecystitis and cholelithiasis, the three meals should be braised, boiled and steamed as much as possible. Pay attention to food hygiene, and fruits and vegetables must be cleaned. Patients should strictly control the intake of spicy stimulation and acidic foods, such as peppers and mustard, which are very irritating and induce cholecystitis. Acidic foods such as vinegar, hawthorn and plum can also cause gallbladder contraction and lead to biliary colic. There are some soy products, leeks, etc. will stimulate the gallbladder of patients. Therefore, patients should pay more attention when choosing foods. They do not advocate full vegetarianism. Long-term intake of vegetarian food will reduce the excretion of bile, destroy the stability of bile, and accelerate the formation of stones. Therefore, patients should eat reasonably under the standard requirements of dietary taboos to ensure basic food nutrition. Pay attention to temperature during consumption. Excessively cold or excessive heat will affect the discharge of bile.
(7) Quit smoking and drinking
Tobacco and alcohol can cause the gallbladder to contract strongly, forming gallbladder colic and gallstones. Therefore, quitting smoking and drinking is a key step that patients with cholecystitis and gallstones must pay attention to. Only by maintaining good living habits can patients reduce the recurrence of the disease, improve the quality of life, and ensure good health.
The “eating” of patients with cholecystitis and cholelithiasis is very critical. Patients and their families must pay full attention to, develop a detailed diet plan, enhance daily exercise, improve systemic metabolism, maintain a good mentality, and actively cooperate with the doctor’s treatment to truly stay away from the disease.