93-year-old Guardian of the Earth, and “old friend” about to go extinct

Huh! Huh! Two shots came from the centre of the African Congo rainforest.

A documentary film crew made an emergency retreat and even ventured through the jungle at night, because what they heard was the sound of poachers’ guns. For the ivory, the gang of desperates would do whatever it took.

The next day, a search by a local armed anti-poaching team brought back ivory that may have been taken too late by poachers, as well as news that an elephant had been killed.

The sound of gunfire deep in the jungle, and the unhappiness behind the civilization, were thus barely recorded by “Seven Worlds, One Planet”.

This Douban-rated 9.8-point BBC documentary ushered in the end of the story of seven continents in the past few days.

The end of the story is in Africa, full of wild charm, and also in those two shocking gunshots.

A team of more than 1,500 people took 1794 days to film, spanning seven continents and visiting 41 countries.

The “Seven Worlds” maintained the BBC’s usual standards, but unlike the previous nature documentaries, this time more piercing reflections were added.

From the perspective of “One Planet”, reflect on the significance of biodiversity to the planet, and reflect on the relationship between humans and other living things.

If you have watched the film, you will definitely notice one of the white-haired old men, 93-year-old David Edenburg, a commentary on this documentary.

He said that we have never called for attention to the earth, the environment and animals from the perspective of love.

Who is David Attenborough?

He is not an ordinary old man. He is a well-known BBC documentary host, a pioneer in the production of nature documentaries, known as “the father of world nature documentaries”, and an outstanding natural naturalist.

Today, Chengjun wants to tell his story first.

He loved collecting fossils and specimens of animals since he was a child. He was very curious about nature. After graduating from high school, he was admitted to Cambridge University. The majors he chose were zoology and geology.

In the 1950s, the vast majority of wild animals were isolated from humans, without any video records, and so-called nature documentaries.

At the time, Twenty was in Edinburgh and had just entered the BBC television service department.

Realizing this problem, he joined a crawling zoo in London to record the zoo’s process of catching animals in Africa and Indonesia.

This was the sensational “Zoo Detective” in 1954, and Edenburg quickly became famous and became the director of the BBC 2 when he was 39 years old.

Success in his thirties is enough to reassure the status quo, but he is partial.

In 1972, Edenburg resigned from all management positions at the BBC and returned to the production of natural history television shows.

Someone asked him why, and he said, I haven’t seen the Galapagos Islands yet. Of course, curiosity about nature was part of the reason, and more importantly, he suddenly realized that the natural programs at that time focused only on human exploration, and people’s attitudes towards animals remained unchanged, and animals were still human playthings.

He hopes to change the way of shooting in the past and change human attitudes towards nature and life. Therefore, the BBC has “Evolution of Life”, an epoch-making work in the history of natural history documentaries. The protagonist under the TV lens is no longer a person, but It is all the colorful life on earth.

Up to the recently aired “Seven Planets”, 93-year-old Edenburg is still travelling in the polar regions, deserts, and all corners of the earth, working for precious lives. Today, global warming is becoming more and more untenable, and it is worldwide. Extreme weather phenomena also occur frequently, and wild animals have been severely affected.

He felt it was time and it was time to remind these humans at the top of the biological chain: the need to balance themselves with the needs of other living things, otherwise, more than one million species would disappear from the earth, and it may happen in the coming decades.

Iguazu Falls, the widest waterfall in the world.

A group of chicks trembled behind the surging water curtain, accidentally being taken away by the roaring water, which was originally their home.

This is the great black Swift, in order to avoid natural enemies, they choose to build a nest on the rock wall through the water curtain.

However, when the rainy season comes, the upstream dams are opened for flood discharge and the water volume of the waterfalls has soared. They have to give up the habitats that they have depended on for generations.

For young birds that have not yet developed waterproof down, they may never see the outside world. Amazingly, the documentary filmed with the lens that some chicks miraculously passed through the torrent.

But in Africa on the other side of the globe, there is a creature that is far less lucky.

The northern white rhino, a rhino subspecies, is the last look at most of us in this documentary.

With the death of the last male Northern White Rhino in 2018, there are only two female Northern White Rhinos left in the world. It is conceivable that natural reproduction is no longer possible.

This species that has been on the earth for millions of years, we will see them farewell on the earth.

Why is the North White Rhino Endangered? Because in Southeast Asia and China, rhino horns have been used as cultural and medicinal materials, especially for nearly half a century, illegal poaching has rampant, resulting in a rapid decline in rhino populations.

At the end of the seventh episode, the camera repeatedly closes Edenburg to pat the northern white rhino’s rough skin.

For Edenburg, who has been a nature documentary for almost a lifetime, these things are undoubtedly his “old friends”. Today, he can only pat it, which has its own precious meaning …

Also suffering from the same fate are pangolins, the most illegally smuggled animals on the planet.

The Chinese should be no stranger to it. Meat is edible and scales can be used as medicine. This is the pangolin in the eyes of Chinese people in the past.

Today, pangolins have become a national second-level protected animal, but it is hard to find traces in China.

In addition to direct killings, environmental damage has had a devastating impact on biological habitats, and its impact has been more extensive.

Every year, 26 million hectares of forest are deforested around the world. In other words, every football field the size of a forest disappears every second. That ’s right, within 3 seconds after you read this sentence, another 3 A football field-sized grove fell suddenly.

“We are at the beginning of the mass extinction, and it all comes down to human activity.”

This is the conclusion of many scientists.

How should humans save these living things on earth? Or from another perspective, how can humans save themselves?

The good news is that even the most vulnerable and endangered species have gradually recovered with the help of humans.

African elephants, pangolins, and rhinos have long been listed in the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, and have become internationally banned hunting and trade protected animals.

Protection has become the consensus of most people, but the restoration of the earth’s ecology still requires greater determination.

China’s Yangtze River, one of the most biodiverse rivers in the world, but unreasonable fishing has drastically reduced the number of Yangtze River organisms.

The white dolphins were declared functionally extinct in 2007. The white pheasants and the Yangtze River magpies have not been seen for many years. The number of Chinese sturgeons has decreased sharply. The number of wild river sturgeons has been extremely low. The number of “four major fish” including grass, grass, maggot, and maggot is less than 10% in the 1960s. In short, there is almost no fish in the Yangtze River.

Thus, a national fishing ban began.

Beginning on New Year’s Day in 2020, for a period of ten years, the key waters of the Yangtze River Basin will be completely banned from fishing for a long time and a wide range, and even the livelihood of fishermen along the coast. The difficulty of banning fishing from all aspects can be imagined. To the point of having to do so.

In the second episode of “The Seven Worlds”, Edenburg looked for orangutans on the island of Kalimantan in Asia. He stood in a cramped and lacking vitality nature reserve, remembering how he came here for the first time sixty years ago. : At the time there were about 175,000 orangutans living there, and since then numerous round trips, he has seen the number of orangutans decrease by more than 50%.

In the past 500 million years, the Earth has suffered five major extinctions, and humans have not yet been born.

Today, many scientists predict that humans are pushing the planet towards the sixth mass extinction.

“Although not entirely intentional, humans are deciding which species can continue to evolve and which are endangered,” Elizabeth, author of The Sixth Extinction, reminded.

Compared to animals, the future of orangutans, northern white rhinoceros and millions of other species is in the hands of humans.

As Edenburg said, “human beings” have the power to save the world, and that includes saving themselves.