Everyone in my life often encounters strange feelings that suddenly pop up: when someone is about to speak, you can predict what the other person will say; when you look at something, you suddenly realize: this It seems to have happened, I have been here, done it, heard this, and then it was the same situation … At that moment, the brain sent us a signal that it recognized that it happened thing. This phenomenon is called memory illusion, also called memory fantasy.
How can people have memories of the future?
Scientists call this kind of sensation in the heart as the “sixth sense”, which is unique to human beings in addition to the five senses of sight, hearing, smell, taste and touch. Recall carefully, do you have that familiar feeling?
Quest magical sixth sense
you walk in the street, suddenly the hearts of a move, turned away, next to someone also turn to look at you; or through long crowd, you suddenly met so many years a friend or lover;
telephone The bell rang, you thought, this must be someone’s phone. Although you may not have been in contact for a long time, you suddenly thought of him the moment you answered the phone. The answer is right, you are extremely surprised;
the moment you push the door, you suddenly feel strange and dangerous! You pull out your gun and enter the room carefully-of course, suppose you are the protagonist of the action movie.
You may be lucky to have the above experience, maybe not, but you must have seen or read similar scenes somewhere. People often use “instinct” or “intuition” to describe this feeling of incomprehension. For some of them, the experience of extraordinary coincidence is called “electrocardiogram”. In general, we use the same word to describe all these subtle feelings that cannot be explained by reason: the sixth sense.
This is a tricky area for orthodox scientists, who treat the self-proclaimed “sixth sense” with caution and precaution, because the paraphrase and rendering of this concept are accidentally caught in “pseudoscience” “The mire. Sceptics believe that the “sixth sense” is just a thing in a movie or a novel. Nevertheless, there are still many serious scientists who are trying to prove that human beings do have some kind of supernatural sensory power. Although weak, it does exist. Now, we are trying to carefully remove those “pseudo-scientific” weeds, leading you to look at the mysterious hypersensory world in the eyes of scientists.
Columbia University psychologist Ronald either Sinclair believes that some power hidden in the hearts of some imperceptible. He published a paper in the journal Psychological Science in February 2004, claiming that he had detected a new sensation, which he named “brain vision”, which means the world seen with the brain.
We might as well understand it as a kind of “psychological intuition”. He found 40 people to do this psychological test. Volunteers were asked to sit in front of the computer and present a photo on the screen, a quarter of a second, which is equivalent to a flash. After a brief white screen, the screen will Another photo appeared and volunteers were asked to determine if the two photos were identical. They did many sets of such tests. In some tests, the two photos were exactly the same, but in other tests, the two photos were slightly different.
The experimental data shows such a phenomenon. Volunteers cannot clearly point out the nuances of these rapid presentations. However, when the picture does change, quite a few people can make an accurate judgment with an instinct. According to Ren Xinke, the intuition that the volunteers relied on in the experiment is what we usually call the “sixth sense”. This ability allows people to prepare as early as possible before realizing the situation, and it is likely to be preserved in ancient times An early warning mechanism. He said that some people have this ability, while others are weak, which is a talent. With this talent, some people are keenly aware of the tension or sadness of the other person when talking to others. Although the other person may try to hide it, they feel that the system has noticed some subtle expressions and directs the brain to It’s judged. This information does not enter the level of consciousness, which is “intuition” or “instinct”. According to Ren Xinke, there is a gender difference in this ability, which is why women’s “intuition” is more spiritual.
Knows more than feeling
more and more evidence that the brain feel, than we realize to be more. There are special cases that allow us to understand these secrets that have never been discovered. There is a blind man in his 50s in the UK who has lost visual ability due to a brain injury because the injured brain area is exactly where the brain processes visual information. However, his eyes and the optic nerve pathway that transmits visual information into the brain are still intact.
Scientists at the University of Wales tested the blind man, code-named “X,” and showed him pictures of faces with different expressions, including sadness, fear, and happiness. They found that even though “X” said that what he saw was only a dark mass, his judgment was 59% accurate! This obviously cannot be explained by random selection. Scientists believe that although his visual cortex is unable to perceive visual information because of damage, in fact, visual information is transmitted through his intact eyes and optic nerves to other areas in the brain to guide his judgment (such as the amygdala, which is Brain regions that process emotional information). In subsequent MRI experiments, scientists found that his amygdala was indeed activated when he “looked” at the picture. This proves that although he didn’t know what he saw, some of his brain areas did perceive the information.
The study was published in the top academic journal Natural Neuroscience at the end of 2004. Dr. Pange, who led the work, said: “This clearly shows that emotional visual information does not enter the processing of perception, but directly enters it. Other brain regions, including the amygdala. ”
” X “is not the first example. In fact, this phenomenon is called “blind vision,” and the initial cases came from reports of head trauma during World War I. Usually, blind-sighted patients are invisible in a certain part of their field of vision, but if they are to “guess”, they can to some extent guess what they claim to be invisible. Scientists think this is a kind of “technical blindness”. Obviously, some parts of the brain and the visual afferent system are still performing functions, but the consciousness of sensing objects has been lost.
A recent scientific press has studied this phenomenon in more depth. In early November 2005, Professor Tony, a psychologist, announced the results of a study in which they pulsed some areas of the brain where volunteers processed visual information, causing them to be temporarily blinded artificially. Although the volunteers couldn’t see anything for a while, when they let them judge whether the lines appearing on the screen in front of them were vertical or horizontal, the accuracy rate reached 75%.
These experiments show that the information we are aware of is only part of the information the brain receives and processes. So are there many other sensory messages that have missed the conscious eye? Like the little boy in the film “Sixth Sense of Amazing”, he can see things that others cannot see. Perhaps our brains are also processing some mysterious information, just that ordinary people don’t know.
more bizarre extrasensory abilities undoubtedly the so-called “telepathy.” A British Daily Mail columnist wrote in the article: “I lived in London when I was 20 and one day I woke up and ran to a street I had never been to before, and suddenly I saw When I reached an old friend I hadn’t seen in a long time, he greeted me warmly and said how I came so early. I learned afterwards that he sent me an email to see him there. I didn’t actually see the letter beforehand. Although few of us may have had this experience, we have heard of it to a greater or lesser degree, and even believe in the existence of this kind of “psychic communication” phenomenon.
Some scientists are trying to prove this. Researchers at the University of Freiburg in Germany performed two experiments. The first test is called “long-distance gaze”. One volunteer stayed in a closed room and monitored his sweat glands and other indicators to measure his psychological changes. Another volunteer “gazed” in another room through a monitor. former. However, the former can’t know whether they are being stared by any method. Researchers compare their psychological changes and try to judge whether “gazing” will affect the subjects. In a second experiment called “direct mental action,” volunteers were asked to focus on influencing volunteers in another room, making him feel happy or uncomfortable.
The study was published in the British Journal of Psychology last year. Through a large amount of data analysis and processing, researchers believe that “effects are weak, but they do exist.” However, most scientists believe that their evidence is not credible enough to convince people that humans have “electrocardiograms.” According to Richard Wiseman, a professor of psychology at the University of Hertfordshire, “We often feel that someone is watching and looking back, most of the time, nothing, but you remember the only few incidents that happened You mistake it, “said Chris Franca, a psychology professor at the University of London.” We have studied this for more than a century, but until now, there has not been strong enough evidence to convince the scientific community to believe this. This ability exists. “Even some people who support the existence of ECG feel that this perception should be quite weak and may be difficult to detect.
Disagreements may persist.
Do humans also have pheromone sensations?
This long-distance transmission of supersensory power may not be uncommon for animals. The scientific community has long known that animals can secrete chemical molecules (directly transliterated into pheromones, or pheromones, pheromones) that transmit messages, and these signals are directly sensed by an organ called the vomeronasal organ in the nasal cavity. Pheromones are often substances that are volatile in the air and can cause another physical or physiological response. Pheromones can be used to convey messages from vigilant pheromone used to inform peers of danger when under attack, to sexual pheromone used to court mates, from invertebrates such as earthworms and insects to large mammals. It has been thought that human vomeronasal organs have been highly degraded and it seems that they cannot feel pheromone like animals. Only in the 1977 science fiction horror movie “The Empire of Ants” described how humans are affected by pheromones: giant ants use pheromones to imprison local humans and force humans to work in sugar factories.
However, there is also some contradictory evidence that humans may also feel the pheromone signal. The most famous evidence was published by McClintock in 1998. She collected the last menstrual cycle of female classmates living in the same bedroom during college. The synchronized data, published in the journal Nature, showed that women’s menstrual cycles are synchronized according to the chemical signals in sweat, prompting people to consider how signal molecules from the environment can promote changes in the body.
In a 2001 paper published in the Journal of Neurons, several scientists in Sweden asked 12 volunteers, male and female, to sniff synthetic estrogen and testosterone and scan their brains for changes. It was found that estrogen increased blood flow in the inferior colliculus of men, but had no effect on women; on the contrary, testosterone only affected women. Such experimental results suggest that humans can also detect pheromones, but the exact mechanism of action is unknown. If it turns out that there are also a lot of pheromone signals among humans, then this may be a basis for the sixth sense.
The sixth sense is a “false proposition”?
In the eyes of scientists, the “sixth sense” of popular saying is an untrue “false proposition”. We have been taught since childhood that people have only five senses: sight, hearing, smell, taste, and touch. This ancient concept began in Aristotle and has long failed to cover today’s scientific discoveries. For example, people have long found that there is another very important feeling system, which is proprioception. When you close your eyes and try to touch your right earlobe with the little finger of your right hand, you can easily do this because you have the proprioception. This feeling allows you to coordinate your body and sense the spatial position of your limbs.
In a sense, how many feelings humans have to talk about depends on how they are divided. According to the types of stimuli we receive, we can only feel three types of stimuli: chemical, mechanical, and light. However, if we define sensation as the response of a particular sensor to a specific signal type, then we can subdivide the sensation into more than twenty types. For example, there are different sensors on the tongue to feel sweet, salty, bitter, Taste and so on.
However, there are many sensory monitoring systems behind the scenes in our body, such as some internal organ sensations. For example, our body can even sensitively sense changes in the pH value of the cerebrospinal fluid. These sensory systems adjust the harmonious operation of the body, but not for us. Know. In this way, it may be more appropriate to replace what is commonly referred to as “sensation” with “perception”. We perceive vision, hearing, and so on through the so-called consciousness. However, there is a large amount of other sensory information transmitted to the brain through the receptor. But it does not necessarily enter the level of consciousness, making us unable to perceive.
Indeed, we are unaware of the existence of some information, but perhaps they have really changed our behavior. Maybe there are many sensory systems that we usually cannot perceive. These are the mysterious sixth and even seventh. However, super-sensory powers such as electrocardiograms that cross distances are mostly weak even if they believe in existence, or they are only a talent of very few people.
Whether human beings have a “sixth sense”
Speaking of “sixth sense”, it seems to me that there is a mystery, and people often associate it with mysticism and supernatural abilities. So, does the “sixth sense” really exist? Is it a magical ability or can it be explained by science?
Recently, a neurologist Bowman from the National Institutes of Health in Maryland discovered that a gene called “Piezo2” controls human’s perception of the position of his body in space, that is, proprioception. In addition to the five basic sensations of sense, touch, sight and hearing, there is a sixth sense.
But this “sixth sense” in a scientific sense seems a little different from what we usually think. The “sixth sense” in people’s minds is always associated with mysticism and supernatural abilities. What exactly is the “sixth sense”, and does the “sixth sense” really exist?
”It depends on how you define ‘sixth sense.'” Said Bu Yong, a former postdoctoral fellow at the Institute of Brain and Cognitive Science at Beijing Normal University. Dividing situations, such as intuition, hunch, telepathy, etc., cannot be generalized. Some of the so-called “sixth sense” are not some kind of mysterious special ability, but have scientific basis or physiological constraints. Some subdivision concepts, such as intuition, have been studied by a large number of scientists with rigorous scientific experiments and prove. “In the final analysis, science is to falsify.” Some “sixth sense” has not been confirmed by experiments, but it is not easy to draw conclusions that are not supernatural.
Intuition is an incomplete cognition?
People sometimes feel this way: they feel that something or the scene is not right, but they can’t say exactly what has changed. In this case, people often like to attribute it to a “sixth sense.”
Canadian psychologist Ronald Rensenko once conducted an experiment. He found 40 volunteers and divided them into two groups. The volunteers were asked to view a series of images flashing on the computer screen, each image staying on the screen for about a quarter of a second, and then being replaced by a short, blank gray screen. The first group of volunteers saw slightly different images, while the second group of volunteers saw the same images before and after.
The results showed that 12 of the first group of volunteers tested 504 times and 82 times reported that before they could confirm what the image changed, they felt the image changed, which is a bit similar to usual What we say is intuitive.
Ren Xinke analyzed that this is not our so-called intuition, but a strong sense of depth produced by the human visual system, which can detect that something has changed, even if it is difficult for our intelligence to image the change. Process and cannot say what has changed or where it has changed.
Bu Yong pointed out that the feeling of “knowing that has changed but not knowing where it has changed” can also be explained from the perspective of consciousness. After the brain receives information from the outside, it begins to process the information. Because the brain does not have enough time to process, some information has a fuzzy sense of change without fully understanding it. “Sufficient” is not enough to form “semantic expression”.
It’s like projecting the letter E on the screen and letting people watch it. If the projection time is short, such as 1 millisecond, then the person cannot see anything, which indicates that perception is not instantaneous; if the projection time is increased to 5 milliseconds, then the person may see something on the screen, but I do n’t know what it is, it means that perception has occurred, but discrimination has not yet occurred; if the projection time is long enough to make people see that the letter is not O or Q, but ca n’t see whether it is E or F, then the person has partially Identify. This may explain why in Ren Xinke’s experiment, the subject can intuitively feel that the images seen before and after have changed. The “sixth sense” may be an incomplete cognition.
Predicting danger is the “resilience” to evolve for survival?
The ability to predict danger is often considered to be the existence of a supernatural “sixth sense”.
In 1940, Hitler launched a large-scale bombardment of London, England. Several hours before the German aircraft attacked, some cats walked around the house, frequently screaming, some biting their owners’ dresses and pulling out desperately, urging them to flee quickly. Animals can sense imminent danger by detecting subtle changes in their environment. Humans have similar behaviors that can predict danger. For example, before the first voyage of the “Titanic”, the famous British industrial tycoon Jolly O’Kunner had foreseen the sinking of the giant ship, and thus gave up the rare ticket for the first voyage.
According to British biochemist Robert Sheard, this predictive phenomenon is not supernatural and can be explained from a biological perspective. It is normal animal behavior and has evolved over millions of years to adapt to the needs of survival. Forming.
In the course of human evolution over thousands of years, some of the ability to perceive the direct causality of things is deeply engraved in the human subconscious, which is called “adaptation” by biologists. Through this kind of resilience, people can achieve a certain degree of “unknown prophet” and thus avoid being harmed.
Scientists at Washington University in St. Louis have confirmed that there is a special region in the human brain that has an early warning effect. This region can monitor external environmental cues, and measure the consequences that environmental changes may bring to the human body and regulate people. Behavior to avoid dangerous situations. This area of the brain is called the “anterior cingulate cortex” and it is located in the upper half of the frontal lobe of the brain, along the diaphragm that separates the left and right brains. It can detect subtle changes in the environment and act as an early warning.
”The anterior cingulate cortex serves as an early warning system in the brain’s perception and response to the outside world,” explains Joshua Brown, PhD in Psychology at the University of Washington. “Anterior cingulate cortex acts as an early warning system when our actions can lead to negative outcomes. They warn us in advance, let us be more careful and avoid making mistakes. ”
Telepathy is the brain’s joke with us?
Scientists have conducted such an experiment. The same female experimenter was arranged to send a questionnaire to men on a suspension bridge in a grand canyon and a bustling commercial street. The questionnaire said, “If you want to know the results, you can hit the questionnaire. Call me. ” The results showed that the number of men who answered the questionnaire on the suspension bridge in the canyon was much more than the number of men who answered the questionnaire on the commercial street. Why is this? Bu Yong explained: “Because people are in a dangerous environment, more adrenaline is secreted in the body. This feeling is consistent with the feeling after being attracted by the opposite sex, so your brain will interpret this as I am attracted by this girl. Now, this is why more men who take the questionnaire on the suspension bridge will call. ”
” This example shows that many times we will be deceived by our own brain. It is like sometimes we think it is the “sixth sense”, but it is true This is not the case. “Bu Yong said, for example, when her daughter is in danger, at this time, the mother who is far away from home has a strong sense of uneasiness, and such things are often thought of as” the sixth sense “. However, this is actually just an illusion of people. The daughter is alone, the mother is worried about the child, and often feels uneasy. Perhaps the 99 times of 100 times of uneasiness are not dangerous for the daughter. It happens that the daughter is in danger only once. Although this is a small probability event as a whole, but The mother’s brain will strengthen the memory of this “happen”, thus ignoring the 99 “do not happen”. The illusion to my mother is “I have telepathy.”
In addition, many people may have the experience that they can perceive other people’s gaze even if they do not look directly into the other person’s eyes, and sometimes they can feel the gaze of others who are not in the field of vision.
Some studies have found that as many as 94% of people report that they once felt that someone was looking at themselves behind their backs and turned around to find that someone was indeed looking at themselves. In this regard, researchers believe that this may be a function of memory bias. If you feel you are being watched, and turn to look, another person in your field of vision may notice that you are looking around, thus turning your gaze on you. When your eyes make contact, you will assume that this person is always watching you. And when this happens, your memory will be deeper. At this point you feel like you have telepathy, but in fact this may be a trick your brain plays on you.
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Animals do n’t rely on the “sixth sense” to predict disasters.
Before some natural disasters, many wild animals will behave in a variety of ways. As if they have already noticed the calamity, is there any “sixth sense” that predicts disasters? French zoologists say that animals’ ability to “unknown prophets” does not depend on any “sixth sense”, but on the sense that they are more sensitive than humans.
Fritz, an animal behavior expert at the French Animal Research Center, explained: “Elephants have infrasound communication capabilities. They can hear sounds tens of kilometers away.” Infrasound is a low-frequency sound, generally at 20 Below He, that is beyond human hearing ability. This ability enables elephants to foresee the tsunami. They may be able to hear the sound of the tsunami in the atmosphere, but humans cannot hear these faint sounds. In addition, they may also feel the shock of the earth.
In addition to elephants, rabbits and other four-footed animals can also predict natural disasters through earthquakes; bats use sound waves to bounce on objects to detect their positions. In an environment with tremors such as earthquakes and tsunamis, the sound wave’s rebound will be different, so that bats can predict the coming of natural disasters.
People and animals have a sixth sense, like
an animal “sixth sense” is a unique window of cognitive
Although the scientific community has not given a “sixth sense” was officially named, but did a lot of relevant research. Scientists have proposed to name it “olfactory-like” or “sentiment” based on the characteristics of this feeling, which directly affect people’s feelings and emotions, which are currently commonly called “pheromone feeling” in foreign countries.
The main source of information in the field of sixth sense research is the animal kingdom. Animal psychologist Dennis Baden describes the animal’s “sixth sense” in a large space in his book “Animal Psychology.” The book mentions that Hitler launched a large-scale bombardment of London in 1940. Several hours before the German aircraft attack, some cats walked around at home, screaming frequently, and some biting the owner’s dress and pulled out desperately, urging They fled quickly.
The strange signals sent by animals have led scientists to decipher the mysterious sixth sense of animals. The British biochemist Rupert Sheldrake has been engaged in scientific experiments for 20 years. He believes that phenomena such as telepathy and hunch can be explained from a biological perspective. They are normal animal behaviors. They have evolved over millions of years. It is formed to meet the needs of survival. Human sixth sense is also a skill inherited from ancestors.
Human “sixth sense” disappears in evolution
in the animal kingdom to explore, the scientists pointed out that the animal kingdom widespread feeling pheromone (pheromone) is. Exohormones are chemicals that are secreted by animals and are used to affect the behavior of animals of the same species. Through research, scientists determined that the organ that senses pheromone is called vomeronasal organ, which is a cartilage structure located at the bottom of the nasal septum. At present, human pheromone has also been confirmed by the scientific community, but the organ that receives human external hormones has a high degree of degeneration. Only in the fetus and newborn, there is a clear vomeronasal structure.
At the same time, with more scientific research, scientists have discovered that there are other “sixth senses” in humans, which are also obtained through comparative studies of animals. Sharks can quickly sense current signals during hunting and swimming in the water. This super power was once considered the sixth sense of sharks. A few days ago, Martin Cohen of the University of Florida and his laboratory claimed to have discovered the sixth sense, and pointed out that humans also have this sense.
He pointed out that the shark’s head has a special cellular network system that can detect current, called an electroreceptor. Sharks use preceptors to prey. Similarly, sharks can use the Earth’s magnetic field to distinguish directions in the vast ocean. To investigate the sixth sense of sharks, American researchers studied the embryos of small-spotted cat sharks. Through molecular tests, they found two independent genetic markers of neural crest cells in the shark’s electroreceptors. Neural crest cells are embryonic cells that form various tissues during early embryonic development. The results showed that the neural crest cells transferred from the shark’s brain to various areas of its head, and developed into electroreceptors on its head, becoming the shark’s unique “sixth sense.” Scientists believe that all primitive vertebrates, including early human ancestors, have current-sensing capabilities.
Brain “sixth sense” things predictable picture of
an animal sixth sense with reference to the scientists, scholars have further found that the human cognitive system also has a unique “sixth sense.” At the end of 2005, American scientists wrote that the human brain may have “blind vision” functions. Human beings can directly sense outside information through sensory organs, which is similar to a “sixth sense.” A report by scientists at the University of Washington last year pointed out that the frontal regions of the brain can be perceived as dangerous before human consciousness and provide early warnings to help humans escape. Researchers have found that an area of the brain, also known as the anterior cingulate cortex, may detect subtle changes in the environment and serve as an early warning to remind people to escape. It is now known that the anterior cingulate cortex is an important part of the brain’s executive control system. It can help regulate feelings such as cold and hard, make fact-based reasoning, and produce emotional responses such as love, fear, or hunch. Now researchers have a new understanding of it.
”This is an information processing area that distinguishes the order of processing according to the role of information in determining the formation process. It seems that it can link information about motivation and effects, thereby bringing about cognitive changes and changing people’s Views of things. “Dr. Joshua Brown, a psychology researcher at Washington University in St. Louis, said that when we have the potential to make mistakes, even before we have to make difficult decisions, the anterior cingulate cortex has actually perceived this” dilemma ” Therefore, the anterior cingulate cortex acts as an early warning system in the brain’s perception and response to the outside world. When our actions may lead to negative results, the anterior cingulate cortex warns us in advance, let us be more careful and avoid making mistakes.
In the experiments, researchers asked healthy young people to respond to a series of signals that appeared on computer screens. Participants must quickly press the keys on the keyboard in the direction of the arrows that appear on the screen. But in order to test the brain movement of the subjects when they are dealing with unknown events, researchers sometimes insert another large blue arrow, so that participants must change their minds and press another key. Scanning participants’ brain activity revealed that, as long as only the blue color associated with the larger arrow was displayed, it was sufficient to initiate the activity of the anterior cingulate cortex. The researchers explained that the study showed that this area of the brain learned about things early, although participants may not be aware of it.
The information of the world we perceive is like an iceberg, but only the tip of the iceberg is presented in a conscious manner. A lot of information can only be in an unconscious state and stored somewhere in our brain. In some cases, this information will be presented “inexplicably”, but we have previously completed a stored procedure for this information, but have been in a “potential state”. Therefore, the brain performs some brain movements before our consciousness, which is also a normal range of brain cognitive activities.
Has the human sixth sense really been found?
Many people believe that we humans have a sixth sense. The so-called sixth sense is a kind of feeling in addition to the existing five senses of human beings (eye vision, ear hearing, nose smell, tongue taste, and skin touch). The sixth sense is just a common name, and its standard name is Super Sensory Perception (ESP), also known as “Mind Sense.”
On March 19, 2019, a study published by the California Institute of Technology team on eNeuro seemed to give the answer to the sixth sense: not only can people sense a magnetic field, but the brain also reacts strongly to changes in the magnetic field. Is the sixth sense.
Has the human sixth sense really been found?
Scientists believe that magnetic sleep is a kind of sixth sense
for the sixth sense, there has always been different interpretations. The California Institute of Technology team determined that the sixth sense is a kind of magnetic sense, which exists not only in the human brain, but also in the bodies of many organisms.
The specific proof is that the researchers used an improved Faraday cage to test 34 subjects and recorded their brain wave activity with an EEG. When all subjects have the same direction of the experimental magnetic field and the environmental magnetic field, their brains will respond, and the oc wave in the EEG will decrease. This is a mode called α-ERD in the EEG. Occurs when an individual suddenly discovers and processes a sensory stimulus.
Researchers call this ability of humans and animals to sense magnetic fields as the sixth sense, for the following reasons: First, in animals such as bees, turtles and birds, tissues or organs with this type of magnetic navigation are found; It is now found in human brains. Although no specific tissues or organs have been found, they have been proved in brain waves. Third, repeatable proofs have been obtained in 34 volunteer brains. Beyond the five senses, in fact, humans have these feelings
even if animals and humans have the ability to sense the magnetic field, but this perception should be called sixth sense, may also need more research. Moreover, in addition to the five senses of the person, the person also has other feelings that can be called the sixth sense, such as a sense of biological rhythm, internal organs, and intuition (intuition of the mind).
In 2017, the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded to the discoverer of the biological clock. The three scientists found that humans and animals have a sense of rhythm in 24 hours, seasons, etc., because the Clock gene and CKlE protein (kinase), PER gene and Per protein, Tim gene and Tim protein, DBT gene and DBT protein, and pineal gland in the brain (melatonin secretion) work together to form a biological rhythm.
Obviously, the 24-hour rhythm is not formed by the five senses of the person, because even in the night when the lights are bright like daylight, people can still feel the tense of the night, which can also be called the sixth sense, and it is the same for all people and All creatures feel. However, because the perception of biological rhythms is more easily accepted, this biological clock sensation other than the five sensations is not called the sixth sensation.
People’s feelings of hunger, thirst, etc. are not actually perceived through the five basic sensory organs, but are comprehensively sensed through the visceral sensory nerves.
That’s right, as you can see, people can get perception from their own internal organs, that is, through the internal receptors formed by the visceral sensory nerve endings, receive various stimuli from the internal organs, and then the visceral sensory nerves turn it into nerve Impulses are transmitted to the brain’s center, which can regulate the activities of various internal organs directly through visceral motor nerves or indirectly through body fluids. However, because these sensations do not have any specific sensory organs, they are generated by the electrical impulses of neurons (nerve endings) attached to the organ wall, and the signals are transmitted to the nerve centers at various levels in time, so they are fuzzy. The nature of the sensation lacks precise positioning. For example, when abdominal pain occurs, people often cannot tell whether it is stomach pain or intestinal pain. As a result, some physiologists believe that the visceral sensation is the sixth sensation, and it is fuzzy, which is also called “organic consciousness” or “organic fuzzy consciousness”. However, this term of visceral sensation is not widely accepted.
”Magnetic induction is the sixth sense” has yet to be confirmed by
reality, people’s awareness for the sixth sense, is a mostly finds unspeakable psychological intuition is that we can feel it, or have a hunch, but I can not reason. This feeling is actually a bit like UFOs and aliens. There is no direct evidence that it exists, but quite a few people believe it exists, and it is also related to human experience and experience.
Nowadays, cognitive psychology and cognitive neuroscience have carried out some preliminary explanations of this perceptual phenomenon with feelings but no reason.
Canadian psychologist Ronald Rensenko tested 40 volunteers who were asked to view a series of images flashing on a computer screen, each image staying on the screen for about 1/4 second, of which the test There are slight differences between the images viewed by the group (such as O and Q, E and F), while the images seen before and after the control group are exactly the same. The results showed that 12 of the test group out of 504 tests, 82 reported that they could feel the image changed before they could confirm any changes in the image.
This seems to be a kind of prediction or sixth sense. Human cognition is the process of comprehensive processing of information, including the transformation, speed, analysis, storage, and use of information input, and finally feeling and cognition can be formed. If the letter E is projected on the screen, the projection time is short, such as 1 millisecond, people cannot see clearly; if it is 5 milliseconds, it may feel F; if it is more than 10 milliseconds, it is possible to distinguish E. When such experiments are repeated, a person will have psychological instincts other than vision, and it is expected that F may become E, or O may become Q;
this intuition feels that the images seen before and after have changed, which may be the first The foundation of the six senses, that is to say, this is an incomplete feeling and cognition of a person. However, there is also controversy about Ren Xinke’s experimental design, results, and interpretation of the results.
Various situations indicate that the sixth sense is an interesting field being explored by researchers, which is related to both physics and physiology, cognitive psychology and cognitive neuroscience. It is an interdisciplinary category and requires more advanced Scientific instruments, such as electroencephalography, PET (positron emission tomography), MRI (nuclear magnetic resonance technology) and other technologies to observe and research.
Finally, the phenomenon that the human brain responds to changes in magnetic fields seems to be a kind of directional positioning. The 2014 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded to the discoverer of the brain positioning system. This “GPS in the brain” includes the hippocampus Position cells, grid cells, etc. inside and outside the body, and if the brain’s perception of magnetic field induction is a directional positioning system, it is only a complement to GPS in the brain, as found in seabirds and turtles.
Therefore, whether the magnetic field sensing can be called the sixth sense requires more research to prove, and it needs to be jointly recognized by professionals in various fields, at least to obtain the consensus of most professionals.
The mystery of the sixth sense
To confirm the correctness of the predictions of those who claim to have a “super strong sixth sense”, a few years ago, astronomer Roger of Colorado State University? Kuffer verified more than 3,000 predictions made by historical diviners, and found that 338 of them were predicted to be true, with a guess rate of 11%. But when people read newspapers, their prediction and prediction rate for events is 9% higher than this. What makes those forecasters fail? Is there really a sixth sense in the human body?
At the end of 2008, Paul, who was just appointed as the Minister of Science for the British Government? Drayson, in an interview with The Sunday Times, claimed that he had the ability to predict events. But a year and a half later, Drayson’s strong support and optimism about the British Labor Party eventually lost in the general election, making people doubt his ability to predict the event. Nevertheless, his brave move to openly talk about the “sixth sense” in front of the media has won everyone’s appreciation.
Like Drayson, millions of people think they have been given special abilities from the day they were born-they don’t need to think to make a decision when they are in trouble. They talk business by intuition, find partners by feeling, and the sixth sense will tell them the direction of the event. This can not help but cause researchers’ curiosity.
Researchers categorize thoughts based on how quickly the brain responds. The fastest are the brain’s own responses to specific situations, such as brushing teeth, walking, and driving. The second is thought itself, which refers to rational analysis through logic when we are facing problems. The third is the slowest response, non-purpose thinking, because it lacks a set goal, and it is often associated with imagination when bored. This kind of thinking is usually thinking about a thing over and over again. Whenever I think about it, I won’t rush to give an answer, just waiting for the inspiration of that moment.
This is very effective for solving some complex, time-inefficient problems, such as artistic creation. Imagination is gradually born in continuous intuition. In the creation of literature, music and painting, which has no clear time limit, such slow inspiration is essential.
In our daily lives, we experience the first type of thinking countless times, that is, doing things without thinking, but the latter two types vary from person to person. People who are cautious and act with little friction or hesitation in interpersonal interactions will behave unnaturally. They usually only express opinions on matters related to themselves. Those who often do things intuitively dominate the social circle. They are very satisfied with their performance, confident to face all emergencies in the social process, and very happy to meet challenges. By thinking about different types of people, you can better understand some of the timid people’s practices in specific situations, as well as the occasional unexpected boldness of those who do things intuitively.
Richard, a famous British professor of popular psychology? Wiseman gave £ 5,000 to three people: a stock connoisseur, a 4-year-old girl, and a female fortune-teller for them to use for stock speculation. A week later, all three lost money on the stock. Surprisingly, their respective achievements do not match their status. The 4-year-old girl lost only £ 11, and the sharp-thinking stock experts in the options market lost £ 178, and the insightful female fortuneteller lost £ 294. In fact, people who think they have a strong sixth sense often make mistakes. Shane at Yale? An experiment conducted by Professor Frederick confirmed this view. The professor gave his students three logical questions, and the students who got the answer right after repeated consideration and overthrow the first answer reflected by his own brain. In addition, the students who answered incorrectly are all too confident in themselves and think the questions are simple.
However, many things related to reason cannot be explained clearly in a sentence. Roger, Dean of Massachusetts Institute of Technology and a famous American scientist? Burt? Wiesner has been emphasizing for many years: “Many problems are difficult to solve rationally, because they are too complicated. Sometimes it is just a moment of inspiration.”
Many people believe that they have transcendence and sensitivity. However, no one predicted the September 11 incident in the United States and the tsunami in Indonesia, even if these incidents took the lives of countless people and ruined the happiness of countless families. In 1964, the famous American magician James? Randy has prepared $ 1,000 and plans to give it to someone who really has supernatural perception. With the increase of years, to this day, the money has accumulated to 1 million US dollars.
Sometimes it makes us believe that the sixth sense is accidental. It’s like, facing someone who already knows what is hidden under the tree, you can’t prove to him that his sixth sense is not strong. And most of us do not delve into the mathematical probability behind the “sixth sense”, but only lament the magic of the “sixth sense” and the mystery of “coincidence”, coupled with the exaggerated reports from the media, people will think I really have a special function.
Dear reader, maybe you will ask at this moment, has Randy found the person with supernatural perception who can get $ 1 million? The answer is: half a century has passed, and the matter has not yet gone on.