Botswana, the secret kingdom of wildlife

  In Africa, warthogs are often seen running straight with their tails sprinting. The tufts on their tip are shaking like a moving flagpole. This is a unique scenery on the grassland. It must be acknowledged that the puff in “The Lion King” beautifies the image of warthogs. In reality, warthogs look like a complex of toads, pigs and rhinos. Male warthogs have canines exposed and bend upward to form cavities. Add a bit of horrible. They are fertile and numerous, and naturally become targets of predators.
  Warthogs are very adaptable to high temperature and drought conditions. They are good at burrowing, usually burrowing, feeding on grass, carex and tubers, and occasionally eating carrion. Because the neck is too short and the head is too big, if you don’t kneel, you can’t reach the food on the ground, so you can often see them eating while they are kneeling and arching their mouths. It looks very funny.
  The guinea baboon common in southern Africa is the largest in the baboon family. One morning, we encountered two or thirty guinea baboons near the camp. They chased each other and were very noisy. I noticed that a baboon-tailed baboon was concentrating on studying the fresh faeces of an elephant. It turned out that there were many undigested fruits in the faeces that could be used for food.

  In 2019, in the severe drought of southern Africa, the animals in the Savuti grasslands are no longer playing in the water. Herbivores other than hippos are all walking on the grass, with elephants and giraffes the most.
Giraffe is disappearing

  The last time I saw a giraffe was in South Africa 4 years ago. Giraffes only live on the African continent, and the giraffes in Chobe National Park belong to the subspecies of southern Angola.

  During the safari tour of the Wide River camp, we met a family of giraffes, about eight, who were gathering to eat. Two baby giraffes follow the adult giraffes closely. It is also very interesting to see them eating leaves in a semicircle. The giraffe’s tongue is 40 centimeters long and greenish black. It can lightly avoid the dense spines on the periphery of the plant and eat the leaves hidden in the inner layer of the plant. Giraffe’s lips have a tough horny layer that can prevent it from being injured by plants such as locust.
  After the meal, the giraffes took elegant steps and slowly walked past our car. Looking at their watery eyes, no one would have thought that this mild-looking animal would have amazing lethality. Giraffes are considered to be threatening animals, and they will be kicked and kicked by the lion. During the mating season, male giraffes will “flick their necks” at each other until one side concedes. Fortunately, such fights are usually not too violent.
  Due to their height, giraffes are easy to find dangerous, and they like to move in spacious places, which makes it easy to observe the “enemy”. Giraffes are most vulnerable when they drink water and lie down because they don’t get up easily and it takes a minute to get up. Although giraffes are one of the most common animals on the African savannah, the number of giraffes has decreased by nearly 1/2 due to illegal hunting and habitat loss over the past 30 years, and the total number is now less than 100,000. Zoologists say the giraffe has been “quietly extinct.”

  Looking from the terrace of the Kuanhe camp, several hippos soaked in the water comfortably, exposing only the eyes, ears, and back, observing the movement around them, opening their mouths and yawning from time to time. Don’t look at them dumbfounded. Among the large mammals in Africa, they are more likely to hurt than the “Big Five Bulls” (African Lion, African Elephant, Black Rhino, African Leopard and African Buffalo).
  The naughty and cute little hippopotamus did not leave her hippopotamus, and arched up and down in the water. However, this kind of hippo with children is the most dangerous. Don’t think that the little hippopotamus is cute, and rush to take pictures. Hippos have very strong territorial consciousness. The waters in which they inhabit are very narrow, and they can “should kill” any intruder. Their fangs and amazing bite force are extremely deterrent. Adult hippopotamuses have few natural enemies in nature, because of their huge size, lions do not want them. The fighting strength of the baby hippos is another matter, but due to the close supervision of the adult hippos, it is also difficult for the predators to get started with them.
  Don’t look at the hippopotamus, because they are good at using water buoyancy, they can move freely in the water and are more flexible than on land. Don’t think that rivers are slow to move after they reach the shore, they run much faster than people in short distances. During the day, when the hippo’s body is exposed to the air, the skin’s water evaporation is much more than other mammals, so the body temperature needs to be adjusted in the water to prevent skin cracking. Although the hippo’s skin does not have sweat glands, it can secrete a reddish-brown liquid that not only protects the sun but also prevents mosquito bites.

  The number of wild elephants in Botswana has increased from 55,000 in 1991 to the current 160,000, accounting for 40% of the total number of African elephants. Chobe National Park is home to nearly 60,000 elephants.
  Elephants are a kind of clever and affectionate behemoths. Their social relations are more complicated. Whenever a new elephant herd arrives, their leader will come forward to greet the high-ranking elephant by the waterhole, and touch the elephant nose The latter accepted the former’s respectful greetings before the new elephant group could approach the puddle. If the elephant at the waterhole doesn’t see the other person pleasing to the eye, they will growl and raise their proboscis to drive the other person away from the water source.
  The puddles are filled with muddy sewage, and the clear water flowing out of the water outlet tastes better, so the living water at the source has become a resource that the elephants are competing to occupy. After observing, I found that it is always the adult elephants who occupy a favorable position. When they are satisfied, they will give water to the elephants lined up behind. Occasionally, a small elephant who does not understand the rules wants to cut in, and will be taught by an adult elephant immediately, after which the small elephant will obediently step aside. Of course, there are also elephants who do not drink “pure water” and drink water alone in distant puddles. These are usually lower status elephants. There is a strict hierarchy in the elephant herd, and the actions must be ranked according to their status. Whether eating, drinking, mating, or walking, they are in order.
  Like lions, elephants are matriarchal, and the head of the elephants is a female, not a male. The “patriarch” directs the herd of elephants, arranging daily action routes, foraging sites, and habitats. The young male elephants will be driven out of the herd when they become adults. These “big boys” form loose groups and often get together to play and play, or to please the male with the highest status.
  The intelligence of elephants is also reflected in their extraordinary memory, which can remember seasons, where there are abundant weeds, where there are water sources, and the identification of groundwater signs, so that they can dig and drink when they are dry. Many artificial waterholes have been built in Chobe National Park. Elephants don’t have to travel long distances to find water. Just remember the location of the waterhole.
  In addition to elephants by the waterhole, occasional springbok, bison and giraffes patronize them, carefully keeping their distance from elephant herds. This is the rule of the wildlife world, and each animal knows where it is.
  Once, an elephant was eating leaves by the road and heard the sound of a car driving. It turned and walked straight towards us. Everyone stopped and stopped to keep quiet. The elephant stopped no more than 5 meters from our car, raised its trunk and sniffed in the air. Faced with this behemoth, the companion was scared to hide under the seat. The elephant inquired curiously and turned away slowly.

  As night fell and the temperature dropped, there were still more than 10 elephants beside the puddle, which seemed more mysterious under the fluorescent lights, which reminded me of the legend about “elephant cemetery”. Legend has it that elephants can predict their dates of death, when the old like a premonition of my imminent mortality, it will quietly leave elephants alone into the jungle valley in the elephant graveyard, where silently waiting for death to come ……
  nature In the fierce competition for survival and the dangerous environment, the animals did their best to evolve their respective skills to earn a living. No matter what kind of dilemma they are in, they can thrive on their own survival strategies. Human beings need to be awed and treat these lives that bring us inspiration and reflection.