New technologies become important variables in shaping social movements

In today’s world, there seems to be more and more restlessness, and all kinds of social movements are surging. As predicted by neoconservatism, conflicting lifestyles, religious beliefs, and patterns of governance will be entangled with each other. When observing social changes and trends, technological revolution and technological factors are an unavoidable perspective.

Emerging technologies have brought low-cost organization, which has led to widespread radicalization worldwide. It has also achieved some kind of political utopia. The value that was hidden in a certain corner of society in the past may also be infinitely amplified under new technological conditions, and even achieve the “self-sublime” consciousness of a certain collective of society, thereby strengthening more conservative political values To promote the development of political polarization.

The reason why Internet platforms and mobile Internet networks are widely used in social movements is that virtualized networks have unparalleled space and platform advantages. To a certain extent, the Internet represents a political space that is invisible, unorganized, or organized but has lower organizational effectiveness than traditional organizations. Internet space provides a container and accelerator for the spread and gathering of radical social trends, making it difficult for any emerging political force to ignore the help of this technological tool.

Once the social action organization completes the construction of cyberspace, it can break through various physical barriers and even evolve into a global organization that attracts much attention. When a social activist with a scientific and technological ability creates a cyberspace, he actually has the tools to mobilize and organize millions of people. This space can better achieve the top-level “power manipulation” and social mobilization “decentralization.” The dual effect of “” to open up the “frontier” efficiently. The development of future blockchain information transmission technology based on “Named Data Network” (NDN) will overturn the existing TCP / IP-based infrastructure of the Internet, not only making it easier to build any point-to-point “infinite grid network”, Content dissemination will also present a broadcast cloud model that is unoccupied and requires no feedback, thereby driving the new generation of the Internet world to further decentralize and reducing the political risk of social space creators.

Traditional political science holds that state sovereigns have the necessary learning ability, and those political bodies with strong learning ability develop faster than those with relatively poor learning ability. With the help of new technologies, political organizations that challenge traditional countries also have a faster learning consciousness and ability to learn. In different new social movements, successful elite groups are used to using Internet communications and network technology to teach supporters’ emerging political skills and action strategies and involve them in the “real world.”

In fact, the social radical organizations shaped by new technologies have natural self-learning capabilities. This is due to the widespread application of the Internet and emerging technologies in social life, which has shaped a series of open and coupled social interaction systems. Countless tiny individuals and invisible action organizations therefore have more micro-information trading behaviors and learning opportunities, which leads to richer and more diverse channels for obtaining learning sources, and lower costs for conducting group learning, thereby enabling radical organizations to gain stronger action capabilities .

When Hong Kong students participated in the illegal “Occupy Central” activity in 2014, they used FireChat’s App “Self-Learning” to build a peer-to-peer wireless mesh network that can avoid information censorship. Last year’s storm of revisions, let alone their ability to build social violence action networks through the community of Linken and Telegram. It can be seen that the development and wide application of new technologies can not only create a series of new types of political space and new forms of political participation, but also forge more diverse political subjects and form more complex political events and Political phenomenon.

The participation and assistance of technology companies are important promoters of the social movement towards scale and radicalization. New technology companies have vast amounts of data, which itself contains extensive organizational and violent functions. The experience of radical movements around the world shows that the combination of new technologies and radical forces has already automated some of the “muscles” of human resistance; and the political application of the cognitive scientific revolution is also The “brain” is being automated, and the social and political shockwaves that this technology can abuse can be imagined. Small arms and various types of intelligent unmanned equipment powered by artificial intelligence technology have emerged.

The reason why emerging technologies have international influence in the political field is that emerging technologies provide the ability to penetrate national sovereignty and traditional organizational boundaries. In the definition of traditional politics, the state is considered to be an institution with absolute sovereignty within a certain territory. With the help of emerging technologies, those organizations with technology are likely to penetrate the sovereignty of traditional countries and interfere in the internal affairs of a country. “Any organization” here may be the state, or various emerging political subjects including new technology companies, business organizations, party organizations, action think tanks, and even extreme religious organizations. In fact, multinational technology companies often play this “active” role in the social movements of a country or region. It can be seen that the technology hegemony formed by global technology giants is a more complex authority than the traditional capital empire. Due to the joint monopoly of capital, technology and data, in fact it has violent resources, cultural products and even politics Discourse Super Energy System. This is beyond the reach of any traditional organizational form, including the state.

This is not an exaggeration. Technology hegemony has shaped more and more political utopias and caused intense social unrest in those relatively stable political fields. This is because the social movement is often politicized by radical ideas and discourses, it is the competition of political opinions, the debate over which political opinions and political options, and the opinion output mechanism is important in social movements and political competition. Status and role.

Emerging technology companies have strong advantages in shaping, disseminating and competing for political ideas. The “technology + action organization” model is rapidly replacing the traditional political propaganda and mobilization model led by corporate chaebols, lobby groups, media groups and elite think tanks. The hostile forces of a country and those transnational technology giants with political goals may intervene in the micro-social life of a country or even the daily privacy of citizens, participate in the operation of social power and the order of popular ideas through various emerging technologies in a more hidden way form. They were thus able to instigate wider social revolutions and radical movements by shaping illusory political utopias.