U.S. President Trump and French President Macron’s quarrel over NATO’s “brain death” has intensified. NATO has ushered in the 70th year of its founding. This alliance, which is aggregated under the banner of “collective security”, is not as reliable as it has boasted. It has repeatedly made “withdrawal,” “separation,” or even “dismissal” in history. “The crisis of disintegration.
After the founding of NATO in 1949, Britain, France, Germany, and other Western European partners have since gathered under the umbrella of NATO, headed by the United States, and completely sheltered under the United States’ nuclear umbrella in terms of defense security. However, at the beginning of NATO’s establishment, the United States not only stationed troops in multiple Western European Union countries and set up bases, but also manipulated NATO’s dominant power in one hand. The NATO strategy was formulated by the United States, and the command of the NATO army was controlled by Americans. It is also located in the Pentagon for a long time. The appearance of the United States is so ugly. France, led by Charles de Gaulle, said directly that it was “unbearable.”
In the late 1950s, France’s economy had developed a lot, and France, which had a stiff waist, began to ask the United States for “power status”. In September 1958, in a memorandum to US President Eisenhower and British Prime Minister Macmillan, Charles de Gaulle advocated the establishment of the US, UK, and French “three leaders” within NATO, and demanded the sharing of nuclear weapons secrets. At that time, the United States asserted itself as powerful and ignored the demands of France. Since the United States does not eat this set, France is still in color and has begun to “decouple” from NATO.
On March 8, 1959, the French government announced the withdrawal of the French Mediterranean fleet controlled by NATO. Subsequently, France refused the United States to store nuclear warheads in France and expelled American fighters from France. Seeing that the United States has been slow to respond, France’s actions have become more and more extensive. On March 7, 1966, Charles de Gaulle officially made a decision to decouple from NATO’s integrated military organizations. On July 1, the same year, France ceased its activities in NATO’s integrated military organization, and only military liaison officers were assigned to NATO’s main headquarters. In March 1967, the NATO supreme headquarters of the European Union in Fontainebleau near Paris was forced to move to Kasto, Belgium, and the NATO headquarters had to move from Paris to Brussels.
France’s withdrawal from NATO military institutions has caused great losses to NATO, resulting in a large gap in NATO’s defense front facing Warsaw, causing great shock among the allies. The United States has finally realized that France’s withdrawal has issued a red flag—with the economic recovery and development of military power in Western European countries, the United States’ control of the Western European Union has gradually failed.
Shortly after France withdrew from the NATO military establishment, NATO had another crisis of secession in southeast Europe. The fuse that triggered the split was the Cyprus coup in 1974. The Greek and Turkish communities in the country have had long-standing disputes. After the coup d ‘土耳其 at, Turkey quickly dispatched troops and intervened with Greece. The war was about to break out. After the Cyprus incident, Greece and Turkey, as members of NATO, have turned to the United States for help. To the disappointment of the Greeks, the United States has refused to take measures to stop the Turkish offensive. On August 14, 1974, Turkey launched an offensive against Greece again. Greece was dissatisfied with the United States’ favoritism towards Turkey, and angrily announced its withdrawal from NATO military institutions, retaining only the membership of NATO.
The withdrawal of Greece caused a disintegrating blow to the defense of the southeast wing of NATO. After Greece announced its withdrawal from the NATO military establishment, it withdrew all personnel from Southeastern European Command and also broke away from the NATO integrated communication system. . Greece has also imposed restrictions on U.S. military bases in Greece.
Under the threat of Greece’s withdrawal, the United States feared that the situation would expand, and in February 1975 decided to impose an arms embargo on Turkey. This also caused strong dissatisfaction with the Turkish side. Turkey announced in July of the same year the closure of 25 US military bases and facilities on Turkish territory, further aggravating the defense crisis in the southeast wing of NATO.
In order to eliminate the NATO split crisis, the United States has repeatedly provided economic and military assistance to Greece, re-signed the US-Greek defense cooperation agreement, repeatedly reconciled Turkey and Greece, and finally persuaded Greece to return to NATO military institutions in October 1980. Even so, Greece and Turkey remain unstable members within NATO. In the recent storm in Turkey’s purchase of the Russian-made S-400 air defense system, the Turkish side also turned against the United States, saying that Greece bought the Russian-made S-300 air defense system as early as the 1990s and also connected to the NATO defense system. Why? Can’t Turkey introduce S-400 air defense system today?