The storm of revisions in Hong Kong in 2019 has added a severe challenge to China. Maybe we can “comfort” that the protests also hit many other parts of the world this year, from Paris, London, Barcelona in Europe to many cities in Oceania, the Americas and Africa, as well as India, Thailand near us Etc., have been tortured by the protest movement. In Western media, some people even compared 2019 to Europe’s 1848 or the turbulent period just after World War I.
There are various reasons for large-scale protests in various countries, and it is difficult to find clear rules. The pursuit of “democracy” and “freedom” is only part of the slogan of some protest movements, and they are not highly consistent with the actual movements of those movements. Pension reforms, gasoline and even subway ticket price increases have become the trigger for most protests. It is widely concerned that the use of violence has become a prominent trend in this wave of protests, and protesters from various countries have imitated each other and learned from each other’s experience.
Globalization seems to be driving the widening gap between the rich and the poor, while the Internet has facilitated the gathering of anger and dissatisfaction. Western influence forces that have a global influence have adopted a dual-opportunistic attitude toward protests. These can be summarized as the rapid spread of protests And, the basic reason why the future situation is not optimistic.
As civil rights develop around the world, ideology often has more sympathy for protests than opposition, at least in the early stages of their outbreak. Today, in most parts of the world, the cost of protesters’ fierce activities is relatively low, and how to meet their requirements, many countries and society are at a loss.
Given that the causes of many protests in 2019 are very small, and the political system background of the protests covers almost all the current world governance situations, this indicates that the future prevention of destructive protests and the effective resolution of them when they occur They have become issues that all societies need to face seriously. China is no exception.
Looking at mainland China in 2019, we must say that our institutional advantages are working hard. It has helped the Chinese society to respond fairly steadily to the trade war launched by the United States, effectively prevented Hong Kong’s turmoil from infecting inland society, and allowed us to take the necessary governance measures on the Xinjiang issue, and consolidate peace and stability in Xinjiang. The return of the environment.
Looking ahead, China needs to do a good job in the following areas, and they are well within China’s institutional capabilities.
First, do a good job of daily people’s livelihood work and public emotional comfort, and must be highly sensitive to every collective opinion of the people. It should be said that this has always been China’s strong point. Although China administers the public opinion field, the government is also very concerned about various trends in the public opinion field. As long as the opinions are justified, policy adjustments often come quickly. This is not like in the West, where everything is said, but it is often said in vain.
While maintaining this good tradition, governments at all levels throughout China must follow the mass line when introducing a new policy and promoting a new project, strengthen the work of soliciting public opinions and effect evaluations, and make good predictions of public response. . Ordinary people cannot be provoked, and the grass-roots government must not take the initiative in arbitrarily acting on behalf of the people, so as to “strike the public opinion”.
Second, to further improve the mass work network in the social governance system, we must not allow the masses to face the “public” of public opinion at the political level, but let everyone truly become the “mass” of the party-led socialist society. The concept of the masses is unique to China. It means that there is care and help from the system, and it also means cohesion and solidarity.
All this helps to form a critical communication channel at an important juncture. Judging from the situation in other countries and regions, the protest activities will be fermented by a large number of irrational factors in the process of expansion. Doing a good job in the masses can strongly suppress the incitement of irrational emotions by ulterior motives.
Third, constantly promote positive energy while paying attention to tempering the bearing capacity of society. Strong positive energy is the foundation for a society to maintain stability, but no society can have only positive energy. Therefore, it is also of great significance to improve the social tolerance of various situations. There must be channels for the relief of dissatisfaction, and it must also be such that the relief of such emotions does not impact the normal order of the society and does not undermine the confidence of the people. How to achieve the “best” state requires long-term active exploration.
China has truly created a miracle of long-term economic development and long-term social stability. The continuation of this miracle is the well-being of all Chinese people. In addition to better national competition, it is better than anyone who is not in chaos first. Disturbances are often sadly a free resource for those who have no distractions to consolidate their confidence.
The Chinese have a wealth of historical knowledge, and they are both intelligent and politically emotionally savvy. The more the institutional advantages of contemporary China move forward, the more obvious it becomes. This country has sufficient conditions to become the last one to laugh at.