The Lord Howe Islands belongs to the State of New South Wales, Australia. It is located more than 700 kilometers northeast of Sydney on the South Pacific Ocean. It was originally connected to the Australian mainland, but later separated from the mainland into an island because of land subsidence. The island has a fairly perfect ecological environment and a patchwork of topography, and there are many kinds of local unique flora and fauna, especially rich and diverse birds. The island was inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1982.
The Lord Howe Islands was discovered in the 18th century, with a total area of about 15.4 square kilometers, of which the main island Lord Howe Island is about 14.5 square kilometers. Most of the island is Mount Govo and Lidgberg. Viewed from the sea, the island’s peaks stand upright like Optimus Prime.
In the past, there were very few people, and since it was discovered, it has been strictly protected and managed. Therefore, both the onshore and offshore ecosystems have remained isolated from humans. There are about 130 species of birds, most of which are transit birds crossing the oceans, and some are endangered. There are four species of land birds. The most serious threat is a wild pheasant that is not good at flying but can swim. It is one of the rarest birds in the world. The archipelago is also the breeding ground of blackbirds and flower-faced starlings on the southernmost tip of the earth.
There are 7 types of plants on the island, including 48 species of ferns, of which 17 species are endemic. There are 180 types of quilts, of which 56 are local specialties. There are also 175 exotic plants that have taken root on the island.