How to achieve education balance?

  The “straw effect” of educational resources is a situation that occurs in all places during the modernization process. I am afraid that it is similar in all parts of the country. Many friends feel that the provincial and city priorities of the provinces are not so different from the county level in terms of the rate of enrollment. It is quite serious; some township middle schools were quite strong ten years ago, but with the concentration of students and teachers in the cities, the number of students can drop by more than half, and the schools are basically in a semi-abandoned state. The 2013 documentary “Fire Pirates” already mentioned the decline of schools in villages and counties. Nowadays, not only has not improved, but even first-tier cities have also noticed it.
  Of course, in a sense, this is a good thing: it just shows that more and more people “vote with their feet” in the process of urbanization and start to move towards better opportunities. It also shows that they have long been regarded as ” The “stagnant” rural society in China has finally begun to “flow”. However, the reason why education balance is a “problem” is that some of them benefit and others suffer: in short, it is “good for good students and bad for bad students.” This is a Matthew effect in social competition: the concentration of resources enables the strong to benefit more, but exacerbates the plight of the weak. In fact, since modern times, since modern universities and education resources are basically concentrated in big cities, the phenomenon has repeatedly occurred: intellectual elites are concentrated in central cities, and rural areas are becoming inferior. As we know, this Serious consequences followed.
  Once the modernization process is started, it will be difficult to reverse, not to mention that China’s urbanization is far from complete, and it is now expected to maintain this rate for at least 20 years. Moreover, if the distribution of educational resources does not change, it will not be effective to rush people in first-tier cities, because this is fundamentally contrary to the principles of economics: the first-tier cities are the places with the highest efficiency and the best resources. People must be removed from their existing positions. Rush out to reduce output, this is against the trend. Japan, which was earlier than China’s urbanization and more mature, has thought of many ways, but the result is the same: For nearly half a century, the population has been concentrated in central cities, and even the capital is sparsely populated. Some villages and towns have Administrative units have disappeared, let alone schools. After all, education is a service. If the regional economy is too poor, even if there are one or two high-end schools like Hengshui Middle School, the overall educational resources will not be good.
  A question that ensues is: what about good education balance? Can we just watch this situation happen? At least there are always people who stay in the countryside and have an obligation to provide those who stay with a certain quality of education. This is back to an old question that makes Chinese pained: Where is the way out in the countryside? This is not only considered for the rural areas, but also for the cities, because development conditions around the world have proven that too rapid urbanization processes may lead to abnormalities and imbalances. Cities cannot overload so much inflow in a short period of time. Population, the people who can’t “digest” often become the urban poor. Even though they have entered the city, they cannot enjoy the corresponding quality of living standards.
  Therefore, regardless of the “trend” and “regulation”, in reality, I am afraid that the issue of education balance must be taken into account, and resources should be allocated fairly as far as possible so that rural primary schools can also survive. Those who are willing or unable to leave also Don’t feel like you’ve been abandoned. In the short term, in addition to a large amount of financial subsidies, I am afraid that we can only rely on policy guidance and create opportunities for young people who want to change the situation to go to the countryside. However, the fundamental way of change depends on the balanced development of the urban and rural society as a whole. Because only when people find that “living in the country can also enjoy a high standard of living” can the community have the vitality to regenerate and restore the hematopoietic function. After the surplus population leaves the land, the remaining people can also access resources in the modern village that are no less than those of the city. Whether the city or the village is then just a matter of living environment.

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