Behind the world’s first life expectancy in Hong Kong

  Generally speaking, longevity, it is easy for everyone to think of Japan and think that Japan is the country with the longest life expectancy in the world. However, according to recent statistics, the country (or region) with the longest life expectancy in the world is actually Hong Kong, China.
  In 2015, the life expectancy of Hong Kong was 83.74 years old, including 80.91 males and 86.58 females, ranking first in the world for both men and women.
  Here we explain the life expectancy per capita, which is different from the actual life of a person. It is calculated on the basis of the current mortality rate and is estimated from the age at birth if there is no accident.
  In the eyes of everyone, Hong Kong is clearly a place where life is very fast and work pressure is very high. The living environment is not as good as many cities in the Mainland. So why is the average life expectancy of Hong Kong people so long?
  Highly developed economy
  we all know, Hong Kong is a highly developed economy. In 2015, Hong Kong’s per capita GDP has reached 42,000 US dollars, ranking 14th in the world and 3rd in Asia. The top two are China’s Macau and Singapore. According to a study published by the demographer Samuel Preston in 1975: there is a clear positive correlation between economic income and life expectancy, and people living in rich countries or regions live more than people in relatively poor areas. long.
  The data shows that the more poverty-stricken areas, the greater the threat of crime, alcoholism, and infectious diseases, the simpler the medical conditions, and the average life expectancy is often difficult to achieve even the national average.
  In addition, improving the public health environment, establishing a sound disease prevention and control system, cultivating excellent medical staff, and conducting health science education for ordinary people all year round require a lot of money. For some low-income countries or regions, the slight improvement in the economy may result in a significant increase in their life expectancy.
  Good habits
  But in fact, not all rich countries have a long life expectancy. For example, one country is very exceptional. The per capita GDP is very high, and the average life expectancy is 30. It is the United States. The United States has the world’s top medical research, the latest drugs are often listed in the United States for the first time, the government’s annual financial investment in medicine is also the largest in all countries. However, in 2015, the average life expectancy in the United States was 79.3 years, ranking 31st in the world. This is probably because of the economic factors, another important factor in improving life expectancy per capita – good living habits.
  Obesity is the biggest health threat for Americans. Heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, and some bone and joint diseases are all closely related to obesity, which can significantly affect quality of life and reduce life expectancy. Most Hong Kong people are relatively thin. Affected by dietary structure and ethnic factors, people throughout East Asia are relatively thin, which is a good advantage.
  In addition, tobacco control is also an important measure to control chronic diseases. According to a 60-year follow-up study by the authoritative journal BMJ (British Medical Journal), people who smoke for a lifetime have a life expectancy of 10 years less than those who never smoke in their lifetime. Hong Kong has always been one of the best places to control tobacco. Since January 2007, the comprehensive smoking ban has been implemented. Smoking in public places in Hong Kong will result in a fine of HK$5,000.
  Good habits have a great impact on an individual’s health and longevity.
  Efficient and affordable public health care system
  by means of strong economic advantages of Hong Kong, Hong Kong has the world’s leading public health care system. The medical system in Hong Kong is divided into two parts. One is the public sector, which includes government public hospitals and clinics. The other is the private sector, which includes private hospitals and private clinics opened by doctors.
  ◆ Public hospitals are managed by the Hong Kong Hospital Authority. The low fees basically guarantee the medical needs of ordinary people, but the appointment time is very long.
  ◆ The appointment rate of private hospitals is very fast. Even doctors can be seen on the same day, and better medical services can be provided, but the cost is usually much higher than that of public hospitals.
  Hong Kong’s public-private medical system not only ensures that every Hong Kong citizen can enjoy basic medical care, but also enables high-income people to have the right to choose better medical services.
  In fact, looking at the world, the burden of the general public to seek medical care is not based on a few top hospitals, but whether the primary hospitals and public hospitals can provide high-quality medical services.
  Behind the guarantee of efficient and cheap public hospitals is the huge financial investment of the Hong Kong government every year. In addition, the Hong Kong Basic Law and a series of policies of the Hong Kong Government have enabled the world’s most advanced vaccines, drugs and medical equipment to enter Hong Kong for the first time. Finally, we sincerely hope that tomorrow in Hong Kong will be even better.