African swine fever spreads across many countries

  When Vanya Dimitrova received a notice from the Bulgarian veterinary service about pigs that killed her because of African swine fever, she was shocked because the Bulgarian Bezmer area where she lived did not have this outbreak. However, Agence France-Presse said that the Bulgarian authorities said that the pig raising in the backyard like the Dimitrova family is causing the spread of the African swine fever, so the epidemic has to be severely implemented.
  The reason for the uneasiness in Bulgaria is that there have been cases of African swine fever in several countries in Europe, including Italy, Russia, Belgium, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Serbia, Ukraine and Slovakia.
  In Asia, African swine fever is also spreading. On September 9, the Philippine Department of Agriculture confirmed to the outside world that there were African swine fever, indicating that more than 7,400 live pigs had been culled. Also confirmed that there are African swine fever in Japan, Vietnam, Laos, Mongolia, Cambodia and other countries. In China, which has been affected by the epidemic for more than a year, more than 1 million pigs have been culled in order to control the epidemic.
  African swine fever is a disease that is harmless to the human body but is 100% fatal if infected. This kind of swine fever has no medicine to treat, and no vaccine can prevent it. The only effective way to control the spread is to kill the infected pig and do it harmlessly.
  The epidemic was discovered in Kenya in 1921 and began to travel to Europe, the Americas and Asia in the 1950s with global trade. At present, more than 60 countries and regions around the world have reported the African swine fever epidemic. However, only 13 countries have completely eradicated African swine fever, and it takes 5 to 36 years to cure. Among them, Cuba, Belgium, and France also experienced the recurrence of African swine fever after many years of radical cure.
  Since the prevention and control measures are only a large number of culls, the spread of African swine fever is undoubtedly a huge disaster affecting livelihoods for farmers in various countries. Some countries have given some compensation schemes. For example, pig farmers in Belgium can delay, pay less or not pay pension insurance premiums in 2019. However, these subsidies are very limited compared to the loss of farmers. More importantly, the economic impact of the epidemic is not limited to farmers.