How far is “Superman” from us?

Let the “Superman Machine” work for you in the future
According to the latest report of the Nihon Keizai Shimbun, the Japan Industrial Technology Research Institute established the Human Body Enhancement Research Center at the University of Tokyo in November 2018. The center has 34 researchers in the fields of sensors, robotics, cognitive science and service engineering. Combine humans with IT and robots through the network to improve human capabilities and make difficult movements and homework possible. This project is not limited to the field of work, but also seeks to be practical in the medical and health fields.

The person in charge of the research center, holding Maru Masing and others, promoted the study of improving the “sports intensity”. Combine power assisted suits with virtual reality (VR) and exercise repeatedly. Looking at the body model displayed on the screen to do the action, the athletic ability will increase. This study confirmed the effect by simple experiments with mice and monkeys, and will confirm the effectiveness on the human body in the future.

Exercise with the help of auxiliary clothes can improve the effect more than people exercise alone. Through continuous use, you can also discover the genes that control exercise, thereby improving human ability. Holding Maru Masing, he said: “We strive to maintain and enhance human capabilities through the enhancement of the human body. We hope to continue to penetrate the society as a new industrial foundation.”

The University of Tokyo professor’s study of pure one is through the network, connecting people, people and machinery. Get an immersive experience by displaying images taken by others with your camcorder and drone on your head-mounted visual device. Improve your physical ability by experiencing the actions of others. If you connect to the drone in real time, you can also get a bird’s perspective.

According to the report, researchers are developing technologies that do not emit sound and can communicate with each other as long as they move their mouths. Let AI learn the language and mouth movements, and grasp the activities of the oral cavity through ultrasound. As long as you move your mouth, you can access the information without being discovered by anyone. The calendar of pure one said, “By connecting with each other, people’s individuality and ability can be fully exerted.” Human beings will no longer be tied to the places and spaces in which they are now, and will be able to gain a wide range of knowledge and physical abilities through a variety of experiences.

Nishio Shuichi, a key researcher at the International Institute of Electrical and Telecommunications Basic Technology, promoted the study of the “third arm” operated by brain waves. The “third arm” is placed at a position that extends from the operator’s left shoulder. As long as the brain imagines “grabbing” and “putting down” the plastic bottle, the “third arm” can act accordingly. This technology can help solve problems such as the current population headaches and the shortage of workers.

Future Battle Armor changes from novel to reality
It is no stranger to enrich the human body with mechanical equipment. However, it is not Japan that is at the forefront of this research field, but the American who is the best at brains. However, unlike Japan, which can only carry out research and development under the banner of civilians, the Americans bluntly labeled this technology to military use.

In fact, the first to propose the concept of human body enhancement is an American science fiction novelist, Heinlein, one of the three masters of the American science fiction golden age. In 1959, Heinlein conceived a future armor that would turn the elimination tank into a land king in his novel “Starship Paratrooper”. According to Heinlein’s vision, soldiers can become powerful as long as they wear it, and easily lift objects hundreds of times heavier than themselves. A jump can be over the mountains. With such equipment, the army will be invincible.

At the beginning of this proposal, it was difficult for Americans who were happy to open their minds. Because the World War II was just over and the Cold War was surging, the human body was undoubtedly a synonym for fragility. Tanks, aircraft carriers, aircraft and even missiles were considered to be lethal weapons. Model. But in the 1980s, with the miniaturization of electronic components. Researchers began to admire Heinlein’s foresight – with the development of technology, mechanical control and power equipment can be gradually miniaturized, and the natural flexibility of the human body is that most machines do not have of. The human body enhancement technology represented by mechanical exoskeleton has a broad development prospect not only in the battlefield, but also in industry and medical care.

It is under the guidance of this idea that the United States has been developing human-enhanced machinery such as mechanical exoskeletons since the 1990s. By the beginning of 2010, the well-known American arms company Raytheon launched the improved XOS2 exoskeleton system, and Time magazine selected this equipment as the “most powerful” invention of the year. The X0S2 consists of a series of structures, sensors, actuators and controllers. It is mainly driven by high-pressure hydraulics and is called the real version of the “Iron Man Suit”. Those who wear this “wearing suit” can lift the weight of about 90 kilograms repeatedly for hundreds of times without fatigue, and can repeatedly penetrate the wooden board with a thickness of 3 inches.

To what extent will the human body be enhanced?
In recent years, another component of Heinlein’s future armor is also maturing with huge R&D expenditures – audio-visual enhancement technology: In 2014, scientists at the University of Michigan will be able to sense photon-based graphene The layer is embedded in the lens, inventing a prototype of a night vision contact lens smaller than the fingernail, making the dim image look brighter. The application of this technology will enable future soldiers to remove the bulky night vision goggles on the helmet. Replace it with a lightweight night vision contact lens. In addition, DARPA is currently funding a new contact lens project that delivers 2.8x optical zoom.

In addition to the enhancement of visual ability, hearing is also one of the important contents of human body enhancement. A cochlear implant is an electronic device that converts sound into an encoded electrical signal by an in vitro speech processor. The implanted body’s electrode system directly excites the auditory nerve and restores or reconstructs the hearing function of the deaf person. In May 2013, Princeton University engineers used 3D printing technology to create the world’s first bionic ear, which can receive sound waves and ultrasonic signals.

Further, the researchers even proposed to strengthen the brain of the human body: In 2013, the US Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency launched two projects called “Restoring Active Memory” and “Emerging Treatment Systems Based on Neural Technology”.

The purpose of the former is to develop a new method for neural signal analysis and decoding, to apply neural stimulation to promote the recovery of memory coding after brain injury, to develop implantable neural devices to help patients recover their memories, and to learn how to stimulate and exercise the right half of the human brain. To improve the soldier’s response speed and instantaneous memory; the latter aims to develop brain implants that can help patients with post-traumatic stress disorder and other neurological diseases. At present, these technologies have been able to assist disabled soldiers to regain their ability to act, and in the future it is possible to achieve awareness of weapons and equipment.

It is conceivable that in the not-too-distant future, with the application of more and more powerful and powerful human-enhanced machinery, workers and fighters will become stronger, more agile and even smarter. In the future, human factories and battlefields will be permanently changed under the guidance of these super-human super-humans.