In the 1930s, Germany began espionage against the Soviet Union before launching a war of aggression against the Soviet Union. One of the biggest plots in Germany was the implementation of a counter-measure that accelerated Stalin’s internal cleansing. The anti-intermediate measures allowed the Soviet generals to fall down at the guns of their own people.
The Soviet “Tukhachevsky Incident” that occurred in the 1930s was still inconclusive even today. History has become a fog, and it is certain that in the German espionage against the Soviet Union, the final result was that the Soviet Union’s Marshal Tuchachevski and other eight people were all executed for the crime of “spy and treason”.
Immediately afterwards, Stalin began a major cleansing of the Soviet Red Army. From 1937 to 1938, a total of 35,000 officers became victims, accounting for almost half of all military officers. 3 of the 5 Marshals of the Soviet Union, 13 of the 15 commander-level cadres of the Group Army, 57 of the 85 commander-level cadres, 110 of the 196 division-level cadres, and 220 of the 406 brigade-level cadres Name, all 11 members of the Ministry of National Defense and 75 of the 80 members of the Supreme Military Council were cleaned. 30,000 officers under the colonel were cleaned. Soon, two of the five members of the military court, Breu Hull and Yegorov, were also executed.
The Soviet Red Army lost all military commanders, 90% of the military deputy commanders and chiefs of staff, and 80% of division commanders. One-third of the heads were accused, the middle and lower-ranking officers suffered heavy losses, and the technicians were not spared. Only the Air Force had 5,616 pilots being cleaned.
The foundation of the Soviet army was greatly devastated. When Germany fought against the Soviet Union, the Soviet Union could not resist the defeat of the festival. This is also an important internal reason.
The mastermind behind the bloody hurricane on the Soviet Union was Germany’s Heidrich and his boss Himmler. It can be said that Stalin’s fear of Tukhachevsky’s high-powered earthquake was like a pistol filled with bullets, and Heidrich and Himmler helped him with the trigger. This is the cooperation that was later achieved by the enemy who did not share the sky and the silent tacit understanding before World War II.
At the end of 1936, Russia’s exiled general Spobrin in Paris provided an intelligence to the Heidrich Security Service. The content is that the Soviet Union has a group that tried to use violence to overthrow Stalin. The head of the Soviet Union is the Deputy Defense People’s Commissar Tukhachevski. This Skoping, someone questioned him as a double-faced spy. But whether he is a spy or not, this information is in the hands of Hedrich, as if he found a huge gold mine, he immediately formed his own conspiracy plan and was enchanted by its wonderful prospects. He plans to use the mysterious means to disclose the news to Stalin, and then to falsify several documents that are convincing at first sight. Subsequently, Hedrich quickly discussed with Himmler and Hitler his plan and received their support. Heidrich analyzed the information to them. There are two developments: one is to support Tukhachevsky, the advantage is to establish a pro-German regime; the other is to help Stalin to remove Tukhachevsky and weaken the Soviet military. power.
After receiving support from Himmler and Hitler, Hedrich began to implement his own plan. He went very secretly. From the end of 1936 to June 1937, Hedrich only gave instructions to a few people directly under his opponent. In addition to him and Himmler, the only one allowed to participate in the secret was the German SS and police leader Belenz in Belgrade. In order to keep secrets, Hedrich even ordered the old spy SS squadron commander Yaenke, who opposed the plan, to put him under house arrest.
In the first step of the plan, Hedrich ordered his men to secretly sneak into the archives of the German Supreme Command and steal the archive files of Tukhachevsky. He ordered his staff to process the case file, using the letters left by Thakachevski and the German military cooperation from the Director of the Military Intelligence Bureau, Admiral Canaris, and quickly forged the figure. Marshal Cherchesky and his colleagues wrote several letters to the senior German generals, preparing to launch a coup, assassination of Stalin, hoping to get help from the German military. From handwriting to text style and even pen and ink, they are exactly the same as Tukhachevsky’s style.
The second step of the plan was to send the document to Stalin. If the Germans come out directly, they will certainly cause the Soviet Union’s suspicion and make the plan soaked, so it will be carried out through the transit curve. The first is Czech and Slovak Ambassador to Berlin Master. At the end of January 1937, Master took a cryptographic telegram to Prague, reporting that the German diplomat who met him hinted that the German was in contact with one of the Soviet Red Army’s anti-Stalin groups, and Berlin was waiting The coup of the Soviet Union. The telegram caused great anxiety among the Czech president, and immediately summoned the Soviet ambassador to Prague to tell him about the conspiracy that was taking place in the Soviet Union. After listening to the Soviet ambassador, he immediately flew to Moscow to report to Stalin. The smoke bombs were released.
Heidrich then sent his own confidant, Belenz, to Prague to contact the private representative of the Czech President, Bayern, and to sell him documents on the evidence of Tukhachevsky. Pigeon immediately wrote a letter to Stalin. Berenz and the Soviet plenipotentiary Ye Ruofu face-to-face transactions. Ye Ruofu was a leader of the Soviet Ministry of Internal Affairs and was dispatched by Stalin. The deal was very short and the Germans sold one of the world’s most expensive intelligence. Ye Ruofu simply flipped through the file and asked: “What price?” Belenz replied: “3 million rubles.” Ye Ruofu did not counter-offer, nodded, and sold. The Germans never thought about selling such a high price. The price was only to confirm the value of the information. Heidrich had authorized Belenz to prepare for the price. At this point, Hedrich’s plan was successfully completed.
The results soon showed that Tuchachevski was arrested and executed, and Stalin began a major cleansing of the Soviet Red Army. When the Soviet Union’s warriors and war-torn generals fell in front of their own guns, Hitler’s laughter sounded: “They have no good commander!”