Deciphering the mysteries of the ancients

Murder 700 years ago
Conrad de la Scala (1291–1329) was a great warlord in the history of the Verona region of Italy, but Dante used a large paragraph to describe him in his Divine Comedy, and he was also a recipient of Dante’s funding. people. On July 22, 1329, Conrad, who was only 38 years old, passed away. Not long ago, Conrad, who had won control of Treviso for a few days, became ill and vomited again. Conrad’s long-term battle to control the entire Venato region (the ancient place name) in northern Italy, the battle of Treviso is the last victory in his campaign.

According to historical records, Conrad had developed a few days after drinking contaminated spring water. After his death, there were rumors about his being poisoned. In 2004, after Conrad’s death in 675, scientists excavated his will. Conrad, who has become a natural corpse (mummy), still wears expensive, preservative clothing, and the remains are in good condition. He lay flat in his arms and crossed his arms to his chest. Scientists first used digital X-ray and CT scans to detect him. He found nausea in his throat. He had signs of elbow arthritis and femoral arthritis, as well as signs of tuberculosis and cirrhosis. Abdominal CT scans revealed that there was still feces in Conrad’s intestines. The scientists extracted the stool samples.

The test found that Conrad’s feces contained chamomile, black mulberry and foxglove pollen grains. Toxicological tests confirmed that the concentration of the two types of digoxigenin was high in Conrad’s stool and liver. The gastrointestinal symptoms of the last few hours of Conrad’s life recorded in the historical data match the initial symptoms of digitalis poisoning. Scientists say it seems that the murder rumors are true, and the murderer has incorporated the foxglove liquid in the chamomile and black mulberry decoction. Chamomile was commonly used for sedation and stagnation, while black mulberry was used as an astringent. In other words, chamomile and black mulberry were originally used to treat Conrad’s minor illness (he didn’t have any immediate fatal disease at the time), but the liquid was poisoned.

After Conrad’s death, one of his doctors was hanged by his heir and nephew, Masino II. Scientists believe that this also provides indirect evidence for Conrad’s murder. Conrad had a lot of enemies, such as those who were dissatisfied with his power expansion, but he was able to understand his physical condition, indicating that the person who murdered him should be his side, so Masino II himself is the most suspect.

Old man’s death
Itsisenu was a resident of the city of Thebes in Egypt around 600 BC. She was about 50 when she died. In 1825, in front of the Royal Society of London in England, Gloucester, a gynecologist, performed an anatomy on the mummies of Itieresenu, and the ancient Egyptian old man became famous. Glenwell found that there was a tumor in the ovary of Itieresenu, so she concluded that she died of cancer. However, other experts later discovered that the tumor was benign and could not lead to the death of Itieresenu. So, what is the reason for the old woman to die? This problem has plagued scientists for decades. Recently, a scientist at the University of London in the UK conducted a comprehensive retest of the mummies of Itieresenu. The results showed that the DNA and cell wall molecules of Mycobacterium tuberculosis were found in her bones, gallbladder and lungs. Scientists believe that the real cause of death of Itieresenu is tuberculosis. In fact, tuberculosis, which is still a major disease so far, is a common terminal illness during the period of Itieresenu.

Dead identity
Masada is a fortress in the Judean Desert of Israel. Nearly 2,000 years ago, some believers committed suicide in the walls of this fortress, and Masada was known. These believers belonged to a Jewish resistance group who tried to overthrow the Roman occupation of Israel. In the 1960s, archaeologists excavated the Masada ruins, and in the bathhouse ruins exhumed the remains of three people, including two male skeletons and one female hair. Experts believe that these wills belong to a Jewish family. However, Israeli forensic scientists and anthropologists recently tested these wills and found that the dead may not be Jewish. Using advanced forensic techniques and ancient literature, scientists may have uncovered the true mystery of the mystery of Masada’s widow. The ancient literature says that non-Jewish women captured in war must be shaved in order to prevent Jewish soldiers from being attracted to them. The test confirmed that the woman’s hair was shaved with a sharp weapon while she was still alive, indicating that she was a non-Jewish prisoner of war. The detection of these hairs and the skeletons found in the ruins of the bathhouse showed that the two men and one woman were not Jewish, so they were most likely Roman soldiers.

Who are they?
In November 2013, two tombs 300 years ago were discovered near the Cathedral of Dalamo County, England. There are 17 to 28 men buried in these two tombs. These skeletons have not been disturbed for more than 300 years. Who are these dead people? Archaeologists are confused about this. It is estimated that these deceased are between the ages of 13 and 25. Archaeologists have thoroughly tested these skeletons. Eighteen months later, archaeologists finally solved the mystery of the identity of these deceased people – they were defended by the British Cromwell (British 17th Century Assets) in the Battle of Dunbar in 1650 (a very bloody war) Scottish soldiers captured by class revolutionary leaders, politicians and military strategists. These Scottish soldiers, from Dunbar, were escorted to the city of Dalamo, 160 km away, and were imprisoned in the castles and churches of the city. Archaeologists believe that these two collective tombs are just the tip of the iceberg – there may be as many as 1,700 Scottish prisoners buried in the city of Dalamo, whose collective tombs are located under the buildings of the University of Durham.

The body is blind?
In June 2014, Italian scientists dismissed some sensational reports from the media that a young boy, a mummy in a monastery in Sicily, blinked every day. In fact, this horror has been circulating for many years. According to Italian media reports, two-year-old girl Rosalia died of pneumonia in 1920, and her mummies were kept in a monastery in Sicily. Every day, the mummy’s eyes are opened many times, revealing her intact blue eyes.

Rosalia’s mummies are one of the best preserved mummies in the world. In the crypt of the Convent of the Franciscan Monastery in Palermo, Sicily, about 8,000 mummies are discharged, and the mummy of Rosalia is the most famous one. Rosalia, known as the “sleeping beauty”, seems to be fighting. Her expression is quiet. Her head rested on a blanket, and the curly blond hair was still tied with a hair band. Although Rosalia’s mummy is in awesome state, scientists say she can’t close her eyes at all. Some people say that her blink of an eye is actually just an optical illusion plus superstition. Every day, the light entering the burial chamber through the side windows changes direction and brightness, which causes the Rosary mummies in the waterless glass to appear slightly “moving.” When the mummy “moves” to the “new position,” her eyelids are more visible. Scientists say that Rosalia’s eyes have never really closed completely.

Although most of the mummies in the monastery’s burial chamber were handled by the monks, they were basically dried by drying in a dry environment, and Rosalia’s mummies were elaborately crafted by artisans. In order to preserve her forever, Rosalia’s father turned to the professional antiseptic Sarafia. Shafia has never disclosed his preservative formula. It wasn’t until 2009 that scientists discovered a manuscript that listed the formula used to preserve Rosalie: “One glycerin, one part of formaldehyde, and one part of alcohol treated with salicylic acid.” Antiseptic process It’s simple: there is no need to drain the body fluid, and there is no need to block the body pores (such as the nose, ears, mouth, etc.), just inject the preservative into the body. This preservative formulation works well: formaldehyde kills bacteria; glycerin keeps the body water; salicylic acid kills fungi; formaldehyde and alcohol fix the remains.

Scientists have created a new high-tech glass bottle for Rosary’s mummies, which allows the mummies to remain preserved for longer without corruption. In addition to blocking bacteria and fungi from entering the sputum, the new scorpion also has a special membrane to protect the body from light damage. Scientists say that they hope that people will not make up the fantasy of the Rosary mummies, and hope that tourists will stop taking pictures of the mummies.