Palmyra, with a long history of 2000, is located in the northeast of the Syrian capital Damascus, 120 kilometers southwest of the Euphrates River. It is an important transit point for the caravans to cross the Syrian desert. It is also the economic and cultural center of ancient Syria, surrounded by vast deserts. And the magnificent architecture makes people think about the past of the ancient city.
Palmyra is the Greek name of the ancient city of Palmyra, derived from its original Aramaic name, Tademo, which means palm trees. This desert oasis between the east coast of the Mediterranean Sea and the Euphrates River emerged as a mirage in the desert and became a trading center connecting the Persian Gulf and the East and West. Known as the “Bride in the Desert”, Palmira has preserved many monumental buildings. The famous Temple of Bell and the Temple of Balthiam are located in the city. Palaces, temples and tombs form an organic place. overall. Palmyra blends the artistic wisdom of the East and the West and embodies the ancient people’s beliefs and worship of the gods. The important ancient city on the Silk Road is one of the most spectacular archaeological sites in the Middle East, where the gods of heaven and earth blend together.
On the last day of March 2016, a group of extremist members broke into here. Of course, this group of people did not come to visit the monuments. They held their weapons and made their most skilled moves against a piece of ancient sculpture: daggers and destruction. Later, the Syrian government forces drove the extremist groups out of the ancient city of Palmyra, but they could only face a messy historical site and could not help.
The ancient city of Palmyra is not the only human civilization in Syria that was destroyed by war. On January 20, 2018, Turkey launched a military operation codenamed “Olive Branch” against the Kurdish armed forces in the Aflin region of Syria. Eight days later, in the air raids in Turkey, 60% of the Temple of Ain Dara in the Hittite Empire was blown up, and almost all of the basalt rock lions became gravel. This was originally built in 1300 BC and has a history of more than 3,000 years. The temple, which is very similar to the first temple built by Solomon in the Bible, is no longer complete.