When we are used to those “health advice”

It’s not a bad idea to call a parent recently, or the voice on the phone is too loud to hear. Finally, one night, Mom quickly picked up the phone and told me that she and Dad were busy with infusion recently. Every time I called, she and Dad were in the clinic. The phone was not good, and there were many people. I panicked: Are you jealous? I am sick, don’t you tell me? Mom smiled: No illness, is the medicine to clear the blood vessels every year, isn’t it old? It is easy to get a cerebral infarction, then it will give you trouble, we will prevent it early. Besides, I have been playing for 7 years this year to see how you are making a fuss. I said: Mom, do you lose the medicine every year, but it doesn’t work? What is the scientific basis? Mom said: Does anyone know who to use? In short, it is better to be credible than it is. And neighbors, Wen Ayi and Guo Shushu also infuse every year.

My heart sighs, my parents are purely accustomed to the so-called health advice, but how much scientific basis for those health advice? Under the habit, will we judge the screening further and what are wrong? What are the false propositions? We have compiled some “health suggestions” that people are used to, and hope to help more people.

Infusion can clear blood vessels
This is a suggestion that the elderly are very convinced. Every season, there are a large number of elderly people rushing to the hospital, relying on infusion through the blood vessels. Ji Xunming, chief physician of neurosurgery at Xuanwu Hospital of Capital Medical University, pointed out in the article “Infusion through blood vessels, may have human life”, this method is not harmful, not only useless, but also “human life”. Dr. Ji Xunming introduced: There is no scientific basis for “infusion and blood vessels”. Those traditional Chinese medicine injections that can promote blood circulation and remove blood stasis can clear blood vessels, reduce blood viscosity, and prevent cerebral thrombosis. It seems to be fresh and reasonable, but there is no scientific basis! So far, there has been no scientific clinical comparative study of regular infusion and non-infusion every year after stroke. Infusion may cause heart failure, drug allergic reactions, etc., and induce or aggravate the disease. In addition, there are many high-risk factors leading to stroke. For patients with ischemic stroke and atrial fibrillation, the root cause is atrial fibrillation. If the patient does not take preventive measures, blind infusion, it is like taking a wrong weapon, it is easy to kill.

Drinking a small amount will not harm your health.
You must have heard the saying that “appropriate drinking, good for health”. Unlike the notorious cigarettes, the same type of carcinogens are always in the form of “health protectors”. For example, the well-known red wine (wine), we have heard that the red wine is rich in active ingredients such as resveratrol and anthocyanin, which have anti-oxidation, anti-aging and anti-cancer effects; drink a little every day. Red wine is also good for the heart, it can soften blood vessels and prevent coronary heart disease.

In medical professional organizations, wine has never been recommended to the public as a positive image. The American Society of Clinical Oncology clearly states that alcohol is an important carcinogen. 5.5% of cancers worldwide and 5.8% of cancer deaths are caused by alcohol. The conversion means that one out of every 18 cancers is drinking and drinking. In addition, women should not drink alcohol in particular, because alcohol poses a higher risk to women than men. According to the data, 16.4% of women in the United States are related to alcohol consumption. So is it beneficial to drink less? The conclusions of the study are completely the opposite: those who do not drink at all have a better coronary heart disease than those who drink less, and the probability of a moderate stroke is lower. There are also studies showing that the so-called “healthy red wine” (wine) has no risk of cancer and other wines. Also this year’s data analysis of more than 12 million women found that even with only a small drink of alcohol per day, the probability of breast cancer in women increased significantly. If it is against cancer or disease prevention, proper drinking is definitely not a good suggestion. A more effective and simpler method is always – don’t drink.

Eat hot, better for the stomach
From small to large, parents told us this, and we told our children like this. On the issue of eating and drinking, many people pay attention to “hot food, hot drink”, especially when guests are eating, they often put a word: eat hot. And in the concept of many people, eating hot, drinking hot not only eats warm in the stomach, but also helps protect the stomach. As early as June 2016, the World Health Organization’s International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) released a study in the Lancet Oncology magazine. Drinking hot drinks above 65°C will increase esophageal cancer. risks of. Also, in the officially published carcinogen assessment report, very hot (higher than 65 ° C) drinks were classified as likely (IIA) carcinogens. In fact, not only hot drinks, but also the hot foods such as hot pots that Chinese people prefer. Li Shujun, the chief physician of the Department of Gastroenterology, Beijing Changqing Chang Gung Hospital, also introduced in the article “The habit of eating hot, must be changed”. The human body “sensitivity” of the digestive organs such as the esophagus and stomach is relatively poor, and the temperature is not like the temperature of the skin. Sensitive, so even if the esophagus is burnt, the human body is difficult to be aware, even if there is a small lesion, it is not easy to be noticed by us. Long-term burns by hot food hot drinks, and even cause esophageal and stomach tumors.

Eight glasses of water a day and a light salt water in the morning, healthy and detox
The Chinese Dietary Guidelines recommend that each person should consume at least 1.2 liters of water per day, but it should be adjusted according to different physical factors such as personal physique, climate and exercise volume. In winter, the amount of sweat is small, 1.2 to 1.5 liters per day, and 2 to 3 liters per day in summer. It should be noted that what is said here is “intake” rather than “drinking” because we have already ingested a lot of water from food. Usually, in addition to the normal diet, drink 1 liter of water (three or four cups) a day, and each drink should not exceed 300 ml. Because the continuous maximum diuretic speed of the kidney is 16 ml per minute. If the drinking water is too fast, it will cause dehydration and hyponatremia – dizziness, vomiting, weakness, rapid heartbeat, etc., severe convulsions, coma and even life-threatening. This is “water poisoning.”

In order to detoxify and nourish the skin, many people try to use the salt water to detoxify on an empty stomach in the morning. This method has no detoxification effect, and may also cause blood pressure to rise. Long-term adherence will lead to a variety of health risks. Normal human body only needs 4 to 6 grams of salt per day, and the daily diet can be fully satisfied. Only in the case of strenuous exercise, excessive sweating, diarrhea and vomiting leading to dehydration, etc., it is necessary to drink light salt water to supplement the electrolyte. Excessive sodium can easily cause high blood pressure, which in turn can damage multiple organs and can even cause a stroke.

Chinese medicine has no side effects and will not hurt
In normal life, when people around us are sick, some people recommend eating Chinese medicine. They think that Chinese medicine has no side effects and will not hurt the body. The reason why this concept is produced is because many people think that Chinese medicine is purely natural, so it is mistaken that the side effect is basically zero. In fact, this is a misunderstanding. A middle-aged female patient is already close to liver failure when she is admitted to the hospital. At that time, the vital signs of the patients were declining. Unintentionally, the doctor learned that the patient had been using black hair from the Shouwu because of the problem of white hair. Shouwu hurt the liver, fortunately, the rescue was timely. Afterwards, I asked the patient why she didn’t tell the doctor to use Shouwu. She said innocently, what medicine is Shouwu? “When many people look at the instructions, they will focus on the column of adverse reactions. Generally, the column of Western medicine will be very long, and Chinese medicine generally has only a few words – “not yet clear.” “Not clear” does not mean No side effects, many Chinese medicine side effects are not smaller than Western medicine. Chinese medicine is also a medicine, you must consult a doctor before use!

Eat more whole grains, healthy and absorbed
There are many benefits to eating more grains, but there is no magic. In the end, it is ordinary food. The main advantage lies in the large amount of dietary fiber. Cellulose gives people a strong feeling of fullness, prevents overeating, and promotes gastrointestinal motility, which is beneficial to the digestion and absorption of nutrients. Fine powder, ultra-fine powder, broken wall powder, although the finer the more easily absorbed, but the cellulose is also destroyed, equal to self-destruction of martial arts. What is more serious is that the grains that are ground into powder lose a lot of easily absorbed sugar while losing dietary fiber. Rice noodles staple foods are originally high GI (glycemic index) foods, and then powdered or porridge, GI value will further increase, long-term consumption, it is easy to increase the risk of diabetes.

Vitamin and calcium supplements for longevity
As long as the diet is reasonably arranged, don’t over-eating and dieting. Daily vegetables and fruits can give us enough vitamins. That is, most people do not need vitamins, no additional supplements, as long as there is no obvious vitamin deficiency symptoms, there is no need to take vitamin drugs. It is not a good habit to have two diseases without illness. Excessive is equal to waste and may even damage health. For example, vitamin C is beneficial for enhancing immunity, but it also stimulates the gastric mucosa. For patients with gastric ulcer, it will aggravate the condition. Long-term overdose of vitamin C can also cause urinary calculi and accelerate arteriosclerosis.

In addition, in China, calcium deficiency is common, but not everyone has to make up. For most people, proper consumption of dairy products, soy products, and green leafy vegetables is enough to supplement the daily calcium. Older people are more likely to be deficient in calcium, but supplements should be moderate. Recommended by the Chinese Nutrition Society, the daily calcium intake of the elderly weighing 50 to 70 kg is about 1000 mg. In addition to being obtained in the diet, the additional calcium is 300-700 mg. If excessive calcium is added, the harm is no less than calcium deficiency: increase the risk of kidney stones; may cause milk alkali syndrome (hypercalcemia, alkalosis and renal dysfunction); affect other minerals such as iron, zinc, magnesium, phosphorus Absorption of elements.