When it comes to the anti-Semitic movement in Europe, people remember the history of the murder of Jews in Nazi Germany in the 1930s and 1940s. European society has gradually formed a wave of anti-Semitic history since the Middle Ages. In modern times, a German journalist created the term “anti-Semitism”, which combines disgust, rejection, hatred and the elimination of Jewish ideas. During the period of the Third Reich of Germany, European anti-Semitism reached its peak.
At the end of the Second World War, the European fascist regime fell and the Jews robbed the rest of their lives. Europe began the integration process in the 1950s with the aim of pursuing political union and social harmony in European countries. This also includes recognition and respect for the values of European society’s pluralism and Western democracy, the rule of law and the human rights. The aftermath of extreme tyranny and militarism in Europe has gradually drifted away, and “anti-Semitism” has been weak for a time.
In the summer of 2015, a large-scale refugee crisis broke out in Europe. A large number of refugees from the war-torn regions of the Middle East and North Africa flooded into Europe, causing enormous political and social security pressures on countries such as Germany, Sweden and Austria. The vast majority of these refugees believe in Islam, and their arrival inevitably creates a religious ethical conflict with European Christianity. Unexpectedly, the conflict between the two major religions allowed innocent European Jews to lay their guns. The “anti-Semitism” sank, and Christians and Islamists did not forget to put cold guns at the Jews in conflict.
The Anti-Semitism Experience and Feeling Survey Report released by the European Fundamental Rights Authority last year showed that the anti-Jewish trend of 12 countries such as Germany, France, the Netherlands, Sweden, Poland and Hungary has intensified in the past six years, of which only 151 occurred in France in 2018. In the anti-Semitic case, the situation in Germany, which is particularly sensitive to the anti-Semitism issue, is not optimistic. Long-term threatened by anti-Semitism, many Jews in these countries have the idea of emigrating overseas.
European societies flaunting “freedom, equality, fraternity and dignity” can accept foreign Muslim refugees but cannot accommodate home-grown Jewish residents. Today, more than 70 years after the fall of the fascist regime, the Jewish people of Europe are still worried about their future. What is the reason? In general, a new anti-Jewish wave has emerged in Europe, which is both a historical topic and a real issue.
The first is the reason for history. The anti-Siberian anti-Siberian era began in the ancient Greek and Roman era. In the 1st century AD, the Roman Empire captured the Palestinian areas where the Jewish people lived for generations, and in the following hundred years, millions of Jews who strongly resisted were killed. After many vicissitudes, the Jews were finally rushed to the European farming and pastoral society. But the local feudal lords did not allow the Jews to occupy the land, only to engage in the business that was considered to be squatting at the time. In the context of losing land and the motherland and living in a foreign country, the Jews struggled to survive and gradually became rich. In the period of modern capitalism, wealthy Jews and other emerging bourgeoisie again had conflicts of interest, once again being suppressed by European kingship. From this perspective, the encounter of the European Jewish community is somewhat a continuation of the “historical nightmare.”
The second is the conflict of religion. Because of the conflicts between Judaism and Christianity and Islam, the two major religions in the world have always regarded Judaism as an adversary. In Christianity, Judaism denies the New Testament and Christ Jesus, which is tantamount to denying the legitimacy of Christianity. And it is Judas who betrayed Jesus Christ. This kind of betrayal is easy to trigger Christian revenge. Similarly, because Judaism refused to recognize Muhammad as the messenger and prophet of God, Islam also hostile to the Jews. The two major religions in the world have formed two anti-Semitic forces in history and suppressed the Jewish persecution. This kind of religious grievances and opposing complexes still exist in time.
The third is the Jewish factor. The Jewish nation has suffered from disasters since ancient times, but they can survive under the atrocities of the Nazi regime and the genocide, indicating that the Jewish people have unique character and viability. The Jewish nation has come from thinkers and scientists such as Marx, Einstein, Freud and Kissinger, as well as commercial giants such as Rockefeller and Morgan. According to statistics, the number of Nobel Prizes won by Jews accounts for 22% of the world. But such a good Jew also has some problems of his own. For example, some European scholars believe that they have long been “isolated from the European nation.” Although some Jews have achieved great commercial success but do not actively give back to European society, they are in the European political arena. There is a lack of international influence and internal cohesion in the society like the American Jewish community. This made the Jewish people vulnerable to implicatures and persecution when the European society was in turmoil and crisis.
Fourth, the European anti-Semitic people’s foundation is deeply rooted. For the aforesaid reasons, although anti-Semitic Europe was generally a politically correct trend after the war, many Europeans were less resentful against the anti-Semitic and did not seem to have much pity for the Jews. At the same time, there are potential contradictions and confrontations between the large influx of Muslim refugees and European Jews, which has also worsened the situation of European Jews. Although no one has said it, anti-Semitic has become a consensus that can be recognized by many European political forces. Therefore, the extreme political trends in Europe that emerged in different historical periods range from militarism to racism to far-right populism. They all use anti-Semitic as a political target and a slogan that confuses people. The reality in Europe at the moment is very clear, that is, the far-right populism is in the dust of many European countries. In this context, the new anti-Semitic political thoughts and behaviors can be said to be one of the various political, economic and social problems in Europe. Highlight performance or microcosm.
On the whole, European anti-Semitism has both profound historical roots and religious complexes, as well as its political, social and other realistic foundations, and even related to the long-term image accumulation of Jewish groups in European society. From the current reality, the anti-Jewish wave is behind the various social issues in different periods in Europe, but the Jews have become the victims of political struggles and the focus of social conflicts.