In 1588, after the British defeated Spain’s “Invincible Fleet”, it gradually established a hegemonic position in the sea. The title of “maritime hegemony” has been accompanied by Britain to the beginning of the 20th century. The Warriors, Mary Rose and the Royal Navy’s Victory, three world-famous warships, have won the title of “Marine Hegemony” for the UK. They are now anchored at the Royal Naval Shipyard in Portsmouth, with an 800-year history. The site of the shipyard has been transformed into a scenic spot that attracts tourists from all over the world. Although the Mary Rose has the longest history, the Warriors are the world’s first warships powered by cast iron and steam, but the most famous is the Victory Battleship, which is in the Battle of Trafalgar. Play an important role in rewriting British history and becoming a symbol of loyalty, courage and dedication.
Winning the status of “maritime hegemony” for the UK
The Victory is a product of the peak of the wooden boat. It is a fortress city with 104 cannons and 850 crew members. The ship has 35 tons of gunpowder and 120 tons of shells, which can last for 6 months. The victory was built in 1759. In 1778, he began to serve, and the first time he participated in the war, he captured the French “Independence Beast” cruise ship. In 1805, in the Battle of Trafalgar, near the Cape Trafalgar, Spain, the British fleet commanded by Lord Nelson defeated the French and Spanish joint fleet led by Werner, and established the British maritime hegemony.
Today, the Victory quietly parked at the heart of the Royal Naval Shipyard, and its hull and interior were restored to the shape of the Trafalgar Battle. From a distance, the three rows of artillery stretched out in the hull reminded people that it used to be the most lethal war machine. In a volley, more than half a ton of shells can be fired, causing the enemy to be frightened; on the deck of the battleship. The ear seems to ring the gunshots that caused Lord Nelson to be shot; walking in the hull, whether it is the maritime map inside the commander’s cabin, or the messy desktop of the crew after eating, have been restored one by one, let people have to cross sense.
On October 21, 1805, the British Navy smashed the French and Spanish joint fleets in Trafalgar, Spain. Under the command of the British Navy general, Lord Nelson, the British warships were interspersed into the enemy fleet, and the Fassih joint fleet was divided into three sections, one by one. In the end, the British army won. This victory was like a stimulant in the battle between the United Kingdom and Napoleon, which greatly encouraged the morale of the British officers and men.
In the war, a French sniper aimed at Nelson on the Victory ship. Although the hull swayed fiercely and the smoke was rolling around, the sniper shot Nelson’s left shoulder and Nelson died on the victory. The United Kingdom held a state funeral for Lord Nelson to commemorate the greatest naval hero in British history. London’s Trafalgar Square is named after this naval battle, and the center of the square stands with a 51-meter Nelson’s Column.
“Save the Victory” campaign
Nelson’s partner, Collingwood, wrote in a letter to the Naval Headquarters after the Battle of Trafalgar: “At the last moment of conflict with the enemy, Lord Nelson fell at the moment of victory…” Royal Navy Victory It did not follow the demise of Lord Nelson in the history of the river, but under the protection of many generations, still with its iconic black and yellow paint in the naval battle, silently telling its story to the latecomers.
The Victory was moved to a dry dock in Portsmouth in 1922 and was later converted into a museum. Although it is no longer in the battle, the Victory is still in service today, which has earned it the title of the world’s longest-serving warship. This year marks the 241th anniversary of the victory.
It is not easy to save the victory number intact. After the splendid battle of Trafalgar, the cannon of the Victory was dismantled and the hull was once used as a warehouse or even a prison. In the Victorian era, the British Navy had wanted to dismantle the victory and build other ships with its timber, which was strongly opposed by the British people. Although it was “survived” in the end, the hull of the Victory was seriously damaged over time. It was not until 1921 that the United Kingdom set off a campaign to “save the victory” before it was gradually repaired and preserved. Until today, the repair work is still going on. In order to prevent the hull from decaying and sinking, the hull’s wood was replaced, and the latest technology such as hydraulic support was used to imitate the force of the victory when floating on the sea, and the hull was given the maximum pressure while maximizing the hull. The engineer proudly said that in this way, the victory can be safely stayed in the dry dock for another 250 years.
Take responsibility for historical education
The Royal Naval Shipyard and three old warships show people how to keep historical sites working in the moment. On the one hand, the Royal Navy Shipyard has rebuilt the original factory buildings and docks, saving both construction costs and historical buildings. The funds used to protect and repair the three warships reflect the idea of many British monuments “taken from the people and used by the people”: from the private collection of funds, the renovation of the monuments to the public, to take up the history education responsibility.
The Warrior just completed a four-year, £3.2 million repair in July. The refurbished Warrior has been replaced with a new bulwark to ensure that the Warriors will remain resistant to wind and rain in the next 150 years; visitors can also see more cabins that were not open to the public in the new route. Internal structure.