In 2018, the United States, Germany, Japan and other countries accelerated the deployment of strategic emerging industries, and formulated strategies to accelerate the study of cutting-edge technologies, especially the emphasis on common technologies, and to carry out key breakthroughs. In addition, countries actively promote cross-disciplinary and cross-industry cross-integration to seize the opportunities for strategic emerging industries. Among them, artificial intelligence has become the new focus of global strategic competition, and has continued to increase in strategy, investment and research.
Strategic plan leads the new direction of industrial development
In 2018, countries around the world have adopted strategic planning to lead the development of emerging industries, covering networks, biotechnology, new energy, new materials, artificial intelligence, quantum technology and many other fields.
Comprehensive technology strategy
In 2018, South Korea released the fourth five-year science and technology plan – “The 4th Science and Technology Basic Plan (2018-2022)”, which selected 120 key science and technology projects, and selected smart city, artificial intelligence and 3D for the first time. Print 12 items, etc.
In the same year, South Korea released the “2019 Government Investment Innovation Plan”, which clarified the principles of the use of research budgets, improved key areas and major research and development plans, and the direction of government funding. The program highlighted 12 key government-led research and development directions.
In September 2018, South Africa released the White Paper on Science, Technology and Innovation, emphasizing the need to accelerate breakthroughs in areas such as biotechnology, nanotechnology, advanced manufacturing research and innovation.
In the field of health and nursing, in 2018, Germany issued “High-Tech Strategy 2025”, proposing to implement the “National Ten Years” anti-cancer program and develop digital solutions for “prevention and personalized medicine.”
In December 2018, the United States released the “National Quantum Law” to accelerate the development and application of quantum technology and to ensure that the United States became the world leader in quantum information science.
In 2018, the British government allocated more than 200 million pounds to support the development of quantum technology in 2019, and announced in November that it allocated 20 million pounds to support miniature atomic clock prototypes, quantum sensors and advanced receivers and low-cost integrated chips. In 2018, Germany’s “High-tech Strategy 2025” proposed to develop in the field of digital security and implement “a new overall IT security solution”, in which quantum communication will play an important role.
Energy saving development
In 2018, Germany’s “High-tech Strategy 2025” made it clear that in the field of sustainable climate protection and energy, the environmental pollution of plastics use was greatly reduced. In November, the British government announced that it will operate its first carbon capture, storage and utilization project in the mid-1920s.
In September 2018, the United States issued the “National Network Strategy”, proposing that the future will consolidate the interests of the United States in cyberspace and show that the United States intends to expand its international influence in cyberspace. In March 2018, the United States promulgated the “National Space Strategy” to strengthen the US’s leading edge in space competitiveness.
Leading basic research continues to make new breakthroughs
In 2018, new breakthroughs were made in the frontier technologies such as quantum communication, information technology, and particle acceleration. A large number of new achievements have emerged in related basic research fields. New technologies have become an important starting point for major countries in the world to seize opportunities for future development.
In 2018, the United States has made new breakthroughs in cancer immunotherapy research, launching the most comprehensive cancer genome map to date, providing a road map for improving the efficacy of cancer therapy and developing new drugs. The development of anticancer drugs is of great significance.
New generation information technology
In March 2018, the National Physical Laboratory of the United Kingdom developed an all-optical diode that can be used in miniature photonic circuits. The diode is low in cost and high in efficiency, and has an important influence on the photonic chip and photonic communication fields. On March 26, 2018, the Institute of Physical Chemistry of Japan successfully developed an algorithm that simulates the whole brain circuit of the human brain. The algorithm can be used in the field of next-generation supercomputers. The application of this algorithm can effectively improve the computational efficiency and is of great significance for the development of computers.
New material technology
Israeli and British scientists have collaborated to discover new atomic heating mechanisms that are expected to drive the development of graphene materials.
Nuclear application technology
In March 2018, scientists from the United States, Germany, Russia, Israel and France used the “heavy-ion superconducting synchrotron” to successfully conduct their first experiment in Dubna, Russia. To this end, Russia plans to build in Vladivostok. Synchrotron, to take this opportunity to become a new high-tech industry center in the Asia Pacific region.
In 2018, the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences introduced a new type of open-type spiral magnetic trap device, which has a simpler structure and lower cost, and can be operated without using ruthenium as a fuel. The fusion reaction is very effective in reducing the plasma temperature.
Cross-border integration forms a new model of industrial development
In 2018, the development of emerging industries has shown the characteristics of multi-industry and multi-disciplinary integration, especially the common technologies such as materials science, information technology, and new energy. The technology has accelerated integration and derived new industrial forms. Effectively improve the efficiency of the industry.
Integration of information technology and materials science
With the development and maturity of technologies such as quantum computing and artificial intelligence, the speed of simulation and prediction of new materials is accelerating. IBM scientists successfully simulated the hydrogenated 铍7 qubit system (beh12) molecule using a new algorithm. Harvard University and Purdue University use artificial intelligence technology to predict the reaction conditions for the preparation of sodium selenite crystals, and the prediction results are more accurate than material chemists with more than ten years of experience.
New energy technology accelerates application promotion
With the growing problem of environmental pollution, countries around the world are working hard to develop a green economy and promote sustainable economic development. Global research institutes and technology companies continue to increase their research efforts in developing new energy sources with low energy consumption, recyclability and low environmental impact. Accelerate the commercialization of new energy technologies directly related to the green economy and sustainable development, and the development of new materials such as energy conservation and environmental protection and biomedical applications have received extensive attention.
Military-civilian integration technology
In order to strengthen the integration of military and civilian technologies, the Israeli army and intelligence agencies have gradually strengthened their cooperation with enterprises. Among them, the military industrial company Rafael and the private enterprise ELTA in the aerospace field have joined the new innovation plan, together with the Israeli security technology department. Develop defense technology.
Artificial intelligence has become the new focus of global competition
In 2018, the global artificial intelligence industry entered a period of rapid development, and the countries of the world attached great importance to it, making artificial intelligence a strategic emerging industry with key developments in the world. Countries around the world have formulated national strategies for artificial intelligence, increasing investment and strengthening research.
Formulate national strategy to lead development
The United States has developed a series of artificial intelligence strategies. In April 2018, the United States formulated the “Defense Artificial Intelligence Strategy” to accelerate the deployment of artificial intelligence in the field of national defense and promote the development of key core technologies and market applications of artificial intelligence.
In Europe, France released the “Artificial Intelligence Development Strategy” in March 2018, and the UK published the “British Artificial Intelligence Plan” in April 2018.
In Asia, Japan proposed a key measure to support artificial intelligence in the “Integrated Innovation Strategy”. South Korea released the “Artificial Intelligence R&D Strategy” and India released the “National Intelligence National Strategy.”
Established a special promotion agency
In May 2018, the United States established an artificial intelligence committee to strengthen the coordination among various stakeholders in the development of artificial intelligence.
In terms of national security, the United States established the National Security Committee for Artificial Intelligence to deal with national security issues that may arise from artificial intelligence.
In June 2018, the European Commission established a high-level team of artificial intelligence to promote the European artificial intelligence investment process and actively promote the formulation and legislation of the EU artificial intelligence policy.
Increase the support of artificial intelligence funds
In August 2018, artificial intelligence was listed as a priority area for priority investment in the “2012 fiscal year government research and development budget priorities” issued by the White House.
In Europe, in 2018, the EU proposed to invest 20 billion euros in four years. The United Kingdom and France respectively announced investments of $1.3 billion and $1.85 billion to develop artificial intelligence in their respective countries.
In Asia, in 2018, South Korea plans to invest 2 billion US dollars in artificial intelligence applications for 5 years, strengthen professional talent cultivation, and train 5,000 artificial intelligence professionals. India invests 477 million US dollars for artificial intelligence, machine learning and other technological developments, Asia. The competition is particularly intense.
Conduct artificial intelligence research
In July 2018, the US New Security Center released the “Artificial Intelligence and National Security” report, which comprehensively studied the impact of artificial intelligence on the security of information, economy, and national defense.
The EU is more concerned about the ethical and moral issues that artificial intelligence may cause. In March 2018, the European Commission released the “Artificial Intelligence Age: Establishing a People-Oriented European Strategy”, focusing on the development of global artificial intelligence, comparing European countries with The development of artificial intelligence in other countries around the world, analyzing the ethical issues that artificial intelligence may cause.
In April 2018, the UK released the “New Deal for Artificial Intelligence Industry”, proposing to promote the UK to become a global leader in artificial intelligence by strengthening research and development, strengthening STEM education, and upgrading digital infrastructure.
Prospects for strategic emerging industries in 2019
With the continuous breakthrough of technology and the strong support of governments, it is expected that in 2019, the scale of global strategic emerging industries will grow rapidly, cross-integration will become more obvious, and green development will be more emphasized. The depth and breadth of industrial application will be further strengthened.
The scale of the industry has further expanded
In 2018, the United States, Germany, and Japan all attached great importance to the development of emerging industries, and emerging industries showed rapid growth.
It is expected that in 2019, strategic emerging industries will continue to maintain rapid growth under the trend of increasing strategic leadership and investment in major countries around the world.
In the United States, in the fields of artificial intelligence, new materials, quantum, and new energy, Japan is accelerating its layout in intelligent robots and Germany in the field of intelligent manufacturing. The strategic emerging industrial structure is further high-end, with high technology content, high added value, further improved output efficiency, and further enhancement of technological innovation capability and technical strength integration capability.
Among the emerging economies, emerging economies such as India have also joined the competition in strategic emerging industries, and the scale of global strategic emerging industries will further increase.
In terms of industrial transformation, emerging industries and traditional industries have accelerated integration, promoted the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries, and further promoted the development of strategic emerging industries.
Convergence development further strengthens
In 2018, the technological development of many emerging industries is the product of multi-disciplinary and multi-industry integration. Cross-industry and interdisciplinary technology cross-cutting has greatly promoted the development of emerging industries.
In 2019, it is expected that the convergence development trend will be further strengthened. Among them, information technology will further play a supporting role, and big data, cloud computing, artificial intelligence, etc. will be popularized in more application fields.
At the same time, biotechnology, energy technology, materials technology and other multidisciplinary will be more widely infiltrated, intersected and integrated, which will lead to new technological changes and industrial revolution.
At the same time, the integration between emerging industries, emerging industries and traditional industries will become the mainstream of development. The integration and complementarity between different disciplines and different industries will continue to increase, and the boundaries between industries will become unclear. While improving overall efficiency, the overall competitiveness of the industry will be enhanced.
Green development further highlights
In 2018, with the global warming, resource and energy shortages and other issues further highlighted, strategic emerging industries pay more attention to ecological development and promote sustainable development.
It is expected that in 2019, with the continuous advancement of technologies such as new energy, energy conservation and environmental protection, strategic emerging industries will pay more attention to green, healthy, safe and sustainable development. Green, low-carbon, ecological and other development concepts have been popularized and continue to be deeply rooted in the hearts of the people.
In terms of technology, energy-saving and environmental protection technologies and new energy technologies will continue to make breakthroughs, and seek more development through more efficient and environmentally friendly methods. This is not only the need of industrial development, but also the inevitable choice for the sustainable development and healthy survival of the entire human society. .
More and more countries, including developed and developing countries, are paying more and more attention to sustainable development issues such as green, health and safety. Therefore, strategic emerging industries with low energy consumption, low resource demand, more efficient, and less land use can better meet the needs of social development.
Security issues are further valued
In 2018, artificial intelligence has become the focus of competition among countries. It has been highly valued by governments and has increased investment in capital, talents and technology.
While the artificial intelligence technology has made great progress, the social, security, and ethical issues brought about by artificial intelligence have also become more prominent.
It is expected that in 2019, biometric-induced counterfeiting technology, artificial intelligence simulation technology, and cyberattacks will bring new challenges to social security. In-depth discussions and research will be conducted around artificial intelligence.
The rapid development of artificial intelligence will also have an impact on existing employment issues and increase social concerns about unemployment. In particular, some low-level repeat workers will face the risk of unemployment. With the continuous improvement of the level of artificial intelligence technology, more complicated work will be gradually replaced, causing more workers’ concerns.
At the same time, with the continuous expansion of artificial intelligence technology applications, the data security of artificial intelligence will become more prominent. Security issues in different fields such as user data, biometrics, and intelligent driving will bring greater challenges to the society. There will be many opportunities to be tapped.